Tilshead

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Tilshead
Village scene, Tilshead - geograph.org.uk - 2454394.jpg
The Rose and Crown public house and Tilshead Baptist Chapel, Tilshead
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Tilshead
Location within Wiltshire
Population358 (in 2011) [1]
OS grid reference SU035379
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Salisbury
Postcode district SP3
Dialling code 01980
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
UK Parliament
Website Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°13′48″N1°57′04″W / 51.230°N 1.951°W / 51.230; -1.951

Tilshead ( /ˈtɪlshɛd/ ) is a village and civil parish in the county of Wiltshire in Southern England, about 9 miles (14 km) northwest of the town of Amesbury. It is close to the geographical centre of Salisbury Plain, on the A360 road approximately midway between the villages of Shrewton and West_Lavington and is near the source of the River Till. Its population in 2011 was 358, down from a peak of 989 inhabitants in 1951. [2]

Contents

History

Salisbury Plain has much evidence of prehistoric activity. One kilometre south of Tilshead village, under the ridge of Copehill Down, is the White Barrow, [3] a large Neolithic long barrow. To the southwest [4] and southeast are ancient boundary ditches, partly followed by the parish boundary; [5] the ditch in the southeast has a long barrow next to it. [6]

The name of the settlement derives from "Theodwulf's hide". [5] In 1086, Tydolveshyde or Tidolthide was a borough and large royal estate, with a relatively large population of 164 households and nine mills. [5] [7] The tithing of South Tilshead was a manor of Romsey Abbey until the dissolution of the monasteries, and came to be a detached part of the hundred of Whorwellsdown. [8]

The name Tilshead came into use in the 16th century. The river was called the Winterbourne until around the start of the 20th century, when the name River Till began to be used on Ordnance Survey maps. [5]

The village has houses from the 17th and 18th centuries, some thatched. [9] Tilshead House, on the High Street, is a three-storey house of the early 19th century, in red brick. [10]

Tilshead Lodge was built in the early 18th century to the southwest of the village, then rebuilt c. 1800. The estate was used for racehorse training in the early 19th and early 20th centuries, then was sold to the War Office in 1911 and 1933. The house was demolished sometime after 1957. [5]

Local government

The civil parish elects a parish council. It is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for all significant local government functions.

Religious sites

Parish church

Church of St Thomas a Becket Tilshead, St Thomas a Becket, Wiltshire - geograph.org.uk - 145932.jpg
Church of St Thomas à Becket

There was a church at Tilshead in the early 12th century, [5] possibly since Saxon times. [11] The three-bay north and south arcades with their square piers are from that period, and the font bowl is also from that century. [12]

The chancel was rebuilt in the mid-13th century, and were renovations in the 17th and 18th centuries included re-roofing it. T.H. Wyatt and D. Brandon directed restoration in 1845-6 which added the south porch and north vestry, and there was further work in 1904. The church is built in flint and limestone, partly chequered, and has a low central tower with a small conical roof; it was recorded as Grade I listed in 1958. [13] The three bells were cast in 1764 by Thomas Bilbie I. [14]

Income from the church went to Ivychurch Priory near Salisbury from 1317. The dedication to St Thomas is first recorded in 1763; [5] it may come from the link with Ivychurch, as it is thought that the saint stayed at the priory during the Council of Clarendon in 1164. [15]

A plain-fronted vicarage was built in red brick to the west of the church in 1818, [16] and sold c.1972. [5] In 1971 the benefice was united with those of Chitterne and Orcheston. [17] Today the parish forms part of the Salisbury Plain benefice, which also encompasses the churches at Shrewton. [18]

Others

A small redbrick Baptist chapel was built next to the main road in 1882 [19] and closed in 2015. [20]

Amenities

Tilshead has a primary school, St Thomas à Becket C of E (Aided) Primary School, [21] which was built next to the church in 1905. [22]

There is a pub – the Rose and Crown, a 17th-century building [23] – and a village hall. [24]

The whole length of the River Till (which is a winterbourne, dry for much of the year) is a biological Site of Special Scientific Interest. [25]

Military land

Much of Salisbury Plain is used by the Ministry of Defence for military training. Westdown Camp, 0.4 miles (0.64 km) to the east of the village, is an accommodation centre for the Salisbury Plain Training Area.

RAF Tilshead, to the southwest of the village, was in use from 1925 to 1941.

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References

  1. "Parish population 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  2. "Census". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  3. Historic England. "White Barrow (1018159)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  4. Historic England. "Two boundary features (1017940)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Baggs, A.P.; Freeman, Jane; Stevenson, Janet H (1995). Crowley, D.A. (ed.). "Victoria County History: Wiltshire: Vol 15 pp263-275 – Parishes: Tilshead". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  6. Historic England. "Long barrow and Old Ditch linear earthwork, on Tilshead Down (1009297)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  7. Tilshead in the Domesday Book
  8. "Victoria County History: Wiltshire: Vol 8 pp193-197 - The Hundred of Whorwellsdown". British History Online. University of London. 1965. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  9. Historic England. "Dean and Chapter House (1284629)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  10. Historic England. "Tilshead House (1023971)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  11. "Church of St. Thomas à Beckett, Tilshead". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  12. "St Thomas a Becket, Tilshead". Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture. King's College London. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  13. Historic England. "Church of St. Thomas a Becket (1023968)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  14. "Tilshead". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  15. Pugh, R.B.; Crittall, Elizabeth (eds.). "Victoria County History: Wiltshire: Vol 3 pp289-295 - Houses of Augustinian canons: Priory of Ivychurch". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  16. Historic England. "Old Vicarage (1023969)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  17. "No. 45435". The London Gazette . 19 July 1971. p. 8137.
  18. "Tilshead". Salisbury Plain Benefice. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  19. "Baptist Chapel, Tilshead". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  20. "Tilshead Baptist Chapel". Tilshead Parish Council.
  21. "St Thomas à Becket C of E (Aided) Primary School - Tilshead" . Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  22. "Tilshead School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  23. Historic England. "Rose and Crown Inn (1182208)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  24. "Tilshead Village Hall". Charity Commission. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  25. "River Till SSSI". Natural England . Retrieved 9 June 2020.

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