Tim Maia

Last updated

Tim Maia
TIM MAIA SONIA D'ALMEIDA 1987.jpg
Born
Sebastião Rodrigues Maia

(1942-09-28)September 28, 1942
DiedMarch 15, 1998(1998-03-15) (aged 55)
Occupation
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • musician
Children3
Musical career
Genres
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • drums
  • flute
Years active
  • 1956–1998
Labels
Associated acts
Website timmaia.com.br

Tim Maia (Brazilian Portuguese:  [tʃĩ ˈmajɐ] , born Sebastião Rodrigues Maia; September 28, 1942 – March 15, 1998) was a Brazilian musician, songwriter and businessman known for his iconoclastic, ironic, outspoken, and humorous musical style. Maia contributed to Brazilian music within a wide variety of musical genres, including soul, funk, bossa nova, disco, romantic ballads, pop, rock, jazz, baião and MPB. He introduced the soul style on the Brazilian musical scene. Along with Jorge Ben, Maia pioneered MPB's samba rock genre, combining samba, soul, and funk. [1] He is internationally recognised as one of the biggest icons of the Brazilian music.

Brazil Federal republic in South America

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.

Soul music is a popular music genre that originated in the African American community in the United States in the 1950s and early 1960s. It combines elements of African-American gospel music, rhythm and blues and jazz. Soul music became popular for dancing and listening in the United States, where record labels such as Motown, Atlantic and Stax were influential during the Civil Rights Movement. Soul also became popular around the world, directly influencing rock music and the music of Africa.

Funk genre of music

Funk is a music genre that originated in African-American communities in the mid-1960s when African-American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B). Funk de-emphasizes melody and chord progressions and focuses on a strong rhythmic groove of a bass line played by an electric bassist and a drum part played by a drummer, often at slower tempos than other popular music. Like much of African-inspired music, funk typically consists of a complex groove with rhythm instruments playing interlocking grooves that created a "hypnotic" and "danceable feel". Funk uses the same richly colored extended chords found in bebop jazz, such as minor chords with added sevenths and elevenths, or dominant seventh chords with altered ninths and thirteenths.

Contents

Tim Maia recorded numerous albums and toured extensively in a long career. After his early death in 1998, his recorded oeuvre has shown enduring popularity. A theatrical retrospective of his career, the popular musical Vale Tudo, was first staged in Rio de Janeiro in 2012.

Biography

1950s

Maia was born in the Tijuca neighbourhood, in the northern suburbs of Rio de Janeiro. He began writing melodies while still a child, the second youngest of nineteen children. Then known as "Tião Maia", he wrote his earliest songs at age eight. At fourteen, as a drummer, he formed the group Os Tijucanos do Ritmo, which lasted one year. He then took guitar classes and was soon teaching other children in Tijuca. He also gave lessons to his friends Erasmo Esteves and Roberto Carlos, fellow members of the so-called Matoso Gang. Named after the street where they used to hang out, the gang also included Jorge Ben and Erasmo Carlos, among others. They liked to listen to the earliest styles of rock and roll, with both Maia and Ben being nicknamed "Babulina" after their enthusiastic pronunciation of Ronnie Self's song "Bop-A-Lena". [2]

Tijuca Neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Tijuca is a neighbourhood of the Northern Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It comprises the region of Saens Peña and Afonso Pena squares. According to the 2000 Census, the district has close to 150,000 inhabitants. It borders with Praça da Bandeira, Maracanã, Vila Isabel, Andaraí, Grajaú and Alto da Boa Vista neighbourhoods.

Roberto Carlos (singer) Brazilian recording artist; singer, songwriter

Roberto Carlos Braga is a Brazilian singer-songwriter, also known as King of Latin Music or simply The King.

Erasmo Carlos Brazilian singer-songwriter

Erasmo Carlos is a Brazilian singer and songwriter, most closely associated with his friend and longtime collaborator Roberto Carlos. Together, they have created many chart hits including "É Proibido Fumar", "Sentado à beira do caminho", "Além do Horizonte", "Amigo" and "Festa de Arromba".

In 1957, Maia, Carlos, Arlênio Silva, Edson Trindade and Wellington started the vocal group The Sputniks. After a televised appearance on Carlos Imperial's Clube do Rock on TV Tupi, Imperial arranged a solo appearance for Roberto Carlos the following week. Maia got annoyed at this, leading him to insult Carlos in the following rehearsals until his bandmate left the group. After watching Carlos' concert the following week, Maia left The Sputniks, and went after Imperial for a solo appearance. Imperial eventually suggested another artistic name, Tim, which Maia accepted with reservations. [3]

Carlos Eduardo Imperial Brazilian film director

Carlos Eduardo da Corte Imperial, better known as Carlos Imperial, born in Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, ES, Brazil, was a Brazilian actor, filmmaker, television presenter, songwriter and music producer from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

In 1959, Maia went to study in the United States, where he lived for four years. He joined a vocal harmony ensemble, The Ideals, and wrote the lyrics to "New Love", which was recorded as a demo with guest percussion by a young Milton Banana. [4] (Maia also recorded the song as a soloist in 1973). [4] The group's career was derailed in 1963 when Maia was arrested for possession of marijuana and deported back to Brazil. [2] [4]

Milton Banana was a bossa nova jazz drummer. A self-taught musician, he is best known for his collaboration with João Gilberto and Stan Getz and for his work with the trio he founded.

Cannabis (drug) psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant

Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes. The main psychoactive part of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), one of the 483 known compounds in the plant, including at least 65 other cannabinoids. Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract.

1960s

After returning, Maia had a few unsuccessful jobs and arrests in Rio. Eventually he decided to move to São Paulo to try to get help to kickstart his musical career from Carlos, who was beginning to enjoy the massive success of Jovem Guarda with Esteves. Carlos was inaccessible, but Maia started to perform in São Paulo's nightlife and in Wilson Simonal's radio program, and also had a televised appearance at TV Bandeirantes with Os Mutantes. By the end of 1967 Maia managed to send a homemade recording to Carlos, who got Maia a deal for a single at CBS and an appearance on the Jovem Guarda TV program. His first single in 1968, "Meu País" backed by "Sentimento", went unnoticed, as was another single, "These Are the Songs"/"What Do You Want to Bet?", recorded in English for RGE Discos. Maia also wrote one of Carlos' hits, "Não Vou Ficar". [5] He became more visible after 1969 when he launched his "These Are the Songs," which was re-recorded by Elis Regina in the next year in a duo with Maia. Maia managed a deal with Polydor/Philips and recorded the successful single "Primavera". [6]

Jovem Guarda was primarily a Brazilian musical television show first aired by Rede Record in 1965, though the term soon expanded so as to designate the entire movement and style surrounding it. The members of the program were singers who had been influenced by the American rock n' roll of the late 1950s and British Invasion bands of the 1960s, though the music often became softer, more naïve versions with light, romantic lyrics aimed at teenagers. They were Roberto Carlos, Erasmo Carlos and Wanderléa, with other bands and musicians appearing on the show as guests.

Wilson Simonal Brazilian singer

Wilson Simonal de Castro, was a Brazilian singer, born in Rio de Janeiro on February 23, 1938. He died in São Paulo on June 25, 2000. He was a singer with great success in the 1960s and in the first two years of the 1970s decade. He was married and had two sons: Wilson Simoninha and Max de Castro both are artists today. He also had a daughter, named Patricia.

Os Mutantes Brazilian band

Os Mutantes are an influential Brazilian psychedelic rock band that were linked with the Tropicália movement, a dissident musical movement during the Brazilian dictatorship, of the late 1960s.

1970s

Tim Maia, 1972. National Archives of Brazil. Tim Maia no Teatro Opiniao.tif
Tim Maia, 1972. National Archives of Brazil.

In the 1970s, Maia started to record albums and perform shows promoting his synthesis of American soul and Brazilian music with elements of samba and baião. The movement gradually took the working-class suburbs of the north side of Rio de Janeiro, exploding in 1976 with the black movement.

Samba is a Brazilian music genre and dance style, with its roots in Africa via the West African slave trade and African religious traditions, particularly of Angola and the Congo, through the samba de roda genre of the northeastern Brazilian state of Bahia, from which it derived. Although there were various forms of samba in Brazil with popular rhythms originated from drumming, samba as a music genre has its origins in Rio de Janeiro.

Baião is a Northeastern Brazilian music genre and dance style based on a syncopated duple meter rhythm, based around the pulse of the zabumba, a flat, double-headed bass drum played with a mallet in one hand, and stick in the other, each striking the opposite head of the drum for alternating high and low notes, frequently accompanied by a triangle pattern. The baião rhythm is integral to the genres of forró, repente and coco. It is mostly associated with the state of Pernambuco. It was popularized via radio in the 1940s, reaching peak popularity in the 1950s.

In 1970, Maia recorded his first full-length LP, Tim Maia, which included the classics "Azul da Cor do Mar", "Coroné Antônio Bento", and "Primavera", and topped the charts for 24 weeks in Rio de Janeiro. His first four albums were all self-titled. Next year's Tim Maia had other hits including "Não Quero Dinheiro (Só Quero Amar)" and "Preciso Aprender a Ser Só". His fourth album, released in 1973, included "Réu Confesso" and "Gostava Tanto de Você". Angry at how the music publisher distributed the royalties, Maia opened his own, Seroma (derived from the first syllables of his first, middle and last names), to make sure he had a bigger cut of the profits. [7]

After his fourth album, Maia left Polydor for RCA Victor, who offered him a chance to record a double album. The instrumental parts were all ready when Maia went to his composing friend Tibério Gaspar for help with the lyrics. In his house Maia found the book Universo em Desencanto (Disenchanting Universe), revolving around the cult of Rational Culture. [8] Maia converted to the cult, abandoned the drugs and red meat, and decided to write the lyrics for the songs about the knowledge contained in the book. RCA rejected the albums Tim Maia Racional, Vols. 1 & 2 for the newly found spiritual content, but Maia bought the master tapes from them and released the albums independently through label Seroma Discos, which would split its profits with the cult. While the lead single "Que Beleza (Imunização Racional)" had some airplay, at the time these records were not well received, due to inadequate distribution, and the spiritual content alienating both the radios and Maia's fans. Eventually, the artist could only perform at events promoted by the Rational Culture. Eventually in 1975, Maia got fed up with the cult, destroyed the unsold records and went back to his carefree life. [9] [10] The Racional albums are now regarded as classics and saw re-release in 2005.

For his return in 1976, Maia signed with Polygram and recorded an album also titled Tim Maia, which included the hit "Rodésia" (inspired by the Rhodesian Bush War), and also did a self-published album in English. [11] In 1977 Maia signed with Som Livre, where he recorded the album Verão Carioca. [12] In 1978 Maia signed with Warner Bros. Records and incorporated the disco sound of the period in the album Tim Maia Disco Club, which spawned the hits "Sossego" and "Acenda o Farol". [13] [14] In 1979 Maia recorded Reencontro for EMI-Odeon, but revolted at the label's estimated promotion costs which were the same as the money spent recording, Maia fought with the marketing executive, and in response EMI president fired Maia, releasing the album with no publicity to low sales. [15]

1980s and 1990s

In 1980, Maia recorded another self-titled album for Polygram. The following year, with turbulent passages through all the major labels in Brazil, Maia released again through Seroma the album Nuvens, which flopped due to inefficient distribution. To earn cash for his future albums, Maia was a guest in songs by Fevers, Edu Lobo and Chico Buarque, Ivan Lins and Sandra de Sá. His collaboration with Sá, "Vale Tudo", later became a solo hit for Maia. [16] In 1983 he had hits with "O Descobridor dos Sete Mares" and "Me Dê Motivo", included on O Descobridor dos Sete Mares (Polygram). Another milestone of his career in the 1980s was Tim Maia (1986), which had the hit "Do Leme ao Pontal (Tomo Guaraná, Suco de Caju, Goiabada Para Sobremesa)".

In 1990, Maia saw Caetano Veloso's songbook and asked editor Almir Chediak to do one for his own work. Chediak was working on such an album with bossa nova classics, and Maia requested a copy, which eventually inspired him to do a self-released album of bossa nova covers, Tim Maia Interpreta Clássicos da Bossa Nova. [17] After a period of poor presence in the media, he was again on top after being mentioned by Jorge Ben Jor's "W/Brasil" in 1991. In the same period, Maia had another hit with his re-recording of Lulu Santos' "Como uma Onda" for a television advertisement – Santos in return recorded Maia's "Descobridor dos Sete Mares.

At the same time, he withdrew from majors, recording his next albums through Vitória Régia, including What a Wonderful World (1997), where he recorded American pop/soul classics, and Amigos do Rei/Tim Maia e Os Cariocas, with the famous vocal group. Obese and in bad health, in March 8, 1998 he was performing at the Municipal Theater of Niterói when he became ill. He was hospitalized and died a few days later. [18]

Personal life

Leo Maia, Tim's adoptive son, also became a musician. Leomaia.JPG
Léo Maia, Tim's adoptive son, also became a musician.

Tim Maia had two sons: Carmelo Maia (also known as Telmo, b. 1975) with Geisa Gomes da Silva, and José Carlos da Silva Nogueira (1966–2002). He was also the surrogate father of Geisa's other son, Marcio Leonardo "Léo" Maia (b. 1974). [19] Léo was registered by Tim as his son, although he knew that Léo was not his child, since he met his wife Geisa when she was already pregnant. She had been separated from her boyfriend, who refused to recognize Léo as his child. [20] Tim and Geisa started living together but they broke up after a few arguments. When they made up, she was pregnant with Carmelo. Tim registered Carmelo and married her. When Léo Maia was 12, Tim Maia and Geisa divorced.

Maia lived in the United States of America from 1959 to 1963. He first resided Tarrytown, New York, with the family of an acquaintance of Maia's father's costumer. There he learned English and did not speak much Portuguese because so few Brazilians were living in the USA at the time. In 1961, Maia moved to New York City, and in 1963 with a group of three friends decided to travel to Southern United States. With a stolen car and performing small thefts to finance the journey (which got him arrested five times), Maia and friends travelled through nine states before arriving in Florida. In Daytona Beach, Maia had his final imprisonment for marijuana possession, which earned him deportation back to Brazil. [21]

Tim Maia became a member of the Brazilian Socialist Party (Partido Socialista Brasileiro – PSB) in October 1997. [22] He was rumoured to have joined the party in order to run for a seat in the Federal Senate for Rio de Janeiro in the 1998 general elections, but died before that. [22] When asked by a reporter why he chose to join the then small PSB, he replied: "Brazil is the only country where – in addition to whores cumming, pimps being jealous and drug dealers being addicted – poor people vote for the right-wing". [22] His phrase would become a famous aphorism on the way Brazilians face politics. [22]

He was also known his easygoing lifestyle, and for his habit of lightheartedly missing appointments and even important gigs. [2] Indeed, Maia had a tradition of arriving late at concerts, at times missing them altogether. He also frequently complained about the sound quality in them. Many of his missed concerts were due to what he called his "triathlon", consuming whiskey, cocaine and marijuana before a gig. [23] In the end of his life, Tim Maia suffered from many health problems which included diabetes, acute hypertension, obesity and pulmonary embolism. In 1996, he had a Fournier gangrene solved through an emergency operation. [24]

Legacy and homages

Caricature Tim Maia. Caricatura Tim Maia - panoramio.jpg
Caricature Tim Maia.

After his death, Maia was the subject of numerous tributes by Música popular brasileira artists; two lavish commemorations in 1999 and 2000 were each released on CD and DVD. A biography, Vale Tudo – O Som e a Fúria de Tim Maia, was published in 2011 by one of Maia's personal friends, Nelson Motta. [23] Motta later worked with João Fonseca on a stage version of the book [25] – their musical retrospective Tim Maia: Vale Tudo began a successful theatrical run in Rio de Janeiro in 2012. [4] [26] The film adaptation Tim Maia based on the book was released in 2014. [4] [26] [27]

In 2004, Som Livre released an album of posthumous duets entitled Soul Tim: Duetos. [28] Maia's entire discography, including the never before seen third volume of Tim Maia Racional, was reissued by Editora Abril in 2011. [29] In October 2012, American record label Luaka Bop released a Maia compilation entitled Nobody Can Live Forever. [4] [26]

In January 2001, Guns N' Roses guitarist Robin Finck sang "Sossego" during the Rock in Rio III festival. [30] In 2007, TV Globo recorded a special program about Maia, Por Toda a Minha Vida, [31] and in 2009, Globo had an episode of its show Som Brasil with Maia's songs, performed by his son Léo and Seu Jorge among other artists. [32] TV Cultura (São Paulo's public broadcasting) released in 2012 Tim Maia's 1992 episode on YouTube of their Ensaio music program. [33]

Discography

Maia released his first album in 1970 and recorded frequently throughout his career. The following is a representative list drawn from his extensive catalog: [34] [35]

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References

  1. Katsnelson, Anna, ed. (2009). Time Out São Paulo. Time Out Guides. p. 192. ISBN   1846701260.
  2. 1 2 3 Motta, Nelson (2001). Noites Tropicais (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Objetiva. ISBN   85-7302-292-2.
  3. Motta, Nelson (2007). Vale Tudo – O som e a fúria de Tim Maia (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Objetiva. pp. 29–32. ISBN   9788573028744.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Seabrook, John (January 28, 2013). "Tarrytown Boy". The New Yorker . Condé Nast: 23. Retrieved November 16, 2013.(subscription required)
  5. Motta (2007), pp. 54–71
  6. Motta (2007), pp. 77–79
  7. Motta (2007), p. 70
  8. Motta (2007), p. 127-9
  9. Slater, Russ. "Tim Maia's Journey into Rational Culture" Sounds and Colours, July 7, 2010. Retrieved on 2014-11-05
  10. Motta (2007), p. 132-143
  11. Motta (2007), p. 146-156
  12. Motta (2007), p. 160-1
  13. "Tim Maia Disco Club, Tim Maia (WEA)" (0100-7122). Veja . Editora Abril. November 28, 2001.
  14. Motta (2007), p. 165-7
  15. Motta (2007), p. 173-5
  16. Motta (2007), p. 184-189
  17. Motta (2007), p. 286-9
  18. Tim Maia morre aos 55 anos, no Rio, Jornal do Commercio
  19. Polícia começa a investigar assassinato de filho de Tim Maia, O Estado de S. Paulo
  20. Motta (2007), pp. 127–8
  21. Motta (2007), pp. 40–51
  22. 1 2 3 4 (in Portuguese) Lucena, Pierre. "Biografia de Tim Maia é o livro mais divertido do ano". Acerto de Contas. December 11, 2007.
  23. 1 2 140 quilos de som e transgressão Archived October 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine , Veja
  24. Motta (2007), pp.364–5
  25. "Tim Maia – Vale tudo, o musical". O Globo . August 8, 2011.
  26. 1 2 3 Rohter, Larry (October 19, 2012). "He's Back, Baby: The Man Who Put the Funk in Rio". The New York Times. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
  27. Filme sobre Tim Maia sairá em 2014, após atraso na produção, Folha de S. Paulo
  28. Silvio Essinger. "Soul Tim Duetos". CliqueMusic.
  29. Coleção Tim Maia Archived November 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  30. Rock In Rio: Guns'N'Roses toca Tim Maia
  31. Rede Globo , "Por toda a Minha Vida" Archived March 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  32. Os bastidores do Som Brasil Tim Maia
  33. Faro, F. (Director). (1992) Ensaio [Live music television program]. São Paulo: TV Cultura. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=87FNMfTGSmA
  34. Tim Maia discography at AllMusic
  35. Tim Maia discography at Discogs