Timanfaya National Park

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Timanfaya National Park
Parque Nacional de Timanfaya
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Location of Timanfaya
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Timanfaya National Park (Spain, Canary Islands)
LocationLanzarote, Spain
Coordinates 29°00′N13°44′W / 29.000°N 13.733°W / 29.000; -13.733
Area51.07 km2 (19.72 sq mi)
Established1974

Timanfaya National Park (Spanish : Parque Nacional de Timanfaya) is a Spanish national park in the southwestern part of the island of Lanzarote, in the Canary Islands. It covers parts of the municipalities Tinajo and Yaiza. The area is 51.07 square kilometres (19.72 sq mi), [1] and the parkland is entirely made up of volcanic soil. The statue El Diablo by César Manrique is its symbol. It is the only National Park in Spain which is entirely geological. Timanfaya National Park represents a sign of recent and historical volcanism in the Macaronesian Region. The last volcanic eruptions occurred during the 18th century as well as in the 19th century. [2]

Contents

Volcanic activity

The greatest recorded eruptions occurred between 1730 and 1736. The volcanic activity continues as the surface temperature in the core ranges from 100 to 600 °C (212 to 1,112 °F) at the depth of 13 metres (43 ft), which is demonstrated by pouring water into the ground, resulting in a geyser of steam which is an attraction for tourists. [3] There is only one active volcano, Timanfaya volcano, after which the park is named.

Ecological value

Manto de la Virgen Manto de la Virgen.jpg
Manto de la Virgen

In 1993, UNESCO designated a Biosphere reserve covering the whole of Lanzarote. The national park is one of the core areas of the biosphere reserve.

Access to the park by the public is strictly regulated to protect the delicate flora and fauna. There are one or two footpaths, and a popular short route where one can visit by camel. There is a public car park from which one can tour the volcanic landscape by coach using a road that is otherwise closed to the public.

Tourists in the park + 51 Quadratkilometer gross ist der Timafaya Nationalpark- 01.jpg
Tourists in the park

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References

  1. "Protected Natural Areas". Gobierno de Canarias. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015.
  2. "Timanfaya". Gobierno de Canarias. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  3. "The Geology of the Canary Islands - 1st Edition". www.elsevier.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.