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Detail of a miniature of Thamyris (Timarete) painting her picture of the goddess Diana, N. France,(Rouen) 15th century . Timarete.png
Detail of a miniature of Thamyris (Timarete) painting her picture of the goddess Diana, N. France,(Rouen) 15th century .

Timarete (Greek : Τιμαρέτη) (or Thamyris, Tamaris, Thamar; 5th century BC), was an ancient Greek painter. [1]


She was the daughter of the painter Micon the Younger of Athens. [1] According to Pliny the Elder, she "scorned the duties of women and practised her father's art." At the time of Archelaus I of Macedon she was best known for a panel painting of the goddess Diana that was kept at Ephesus, a city that the goddess. [2] While it is no longer extant, it was kept at Ephesus for many years.[ citation needed ]

She is one of the six female artists of antiquity mentioned in Pliny the Elder's Natural History (XL.147–148) in A.D. 77: Timarete, Irene, Calypso, Aristarete, Iaia, Olympias. [3] They are mentioned later in Boccaccio's De mulieribus claris .

Primary sources

Secondary sources


  1. 1 2 Salisbury, Joyce E. (2001). Encyclopedia of women in the ancient world ([Nachdr.] ed.). Santa Barbara, Calif. [u.a.]: ABC-CLIO. ISBN   1576070921.
  2. Boccaccio, Giovanni (2003). Famous Women. Translated by Brown, Virginia. Harvard University Press. p. 114. ISBN   978-0-674-01130-4.
  3. J. Linderski. The Paintress Calypso and Other Painters in Pliny. Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. Bd. 145 (2003), pp. 83–96

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