The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico.
|History of Mexico
Yucatán, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Yucatán, is one of the 31 states which comprise the federal entities of Mexico. It comprises 106 separate municipalities, and its capital city is Mérida.
Mérida is the capital of the Mexican state of Yucatán, and the largest city in southeastern Mexico. The city is also the seat of the eponymous Municipality. It is located in the northwest corner of the Yucatán Peninsula, about 35 km inland from the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. In 2020 it had a population of 921,770 while its metropolitan area, which also includes the cities of Kanasín and Umán, had a population of 1,316,090.
Mérida Municipality is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing (858.41 km2) of land with the head or seat being the city of Mérida. Because the archaeological remains of the Maya reminded the Spaniards of the ancient city of Mérida, Spain, which was marked by Roman archaeological sites, they renamed the site of T-hó after the Spanish city.
Fernando Castro Pacheco was a Mexican painter, engraver, illustrator, printmaker and teacher. As well as being known for traditional artistic forms, Castro Pacheco illustrated several children’s books and produced works in sculpture. He is more popularly known for his murals that invoke the spirit and history of the Mexican people. His works evoke a unique use of color and form.
The Republic of Yucatán was a sovereign state during two periods of the nineteenth century. The first Republic of Yucatán, founded May 29, 1823, willingly joined the Mexican federation as the Federated Republic of Yucatán on December 23, 1823, less than seven months later. The second Republic of Yucatán began in 1841, with its declaration of independence from the Centralist Republic of Mexico. It remained independent for seven years, after which it rejoined the United Mexican States. The area of the former republic includes the modern Mexican states of Yucatán, Campeche and Quintana Roo. The Republic of Yucatán usually refers to the Second Republic (1841–1848).
The Province of Yucatan, or the Captaincy General, Governorate, Intendancy, or Kingdom of Yucatan, was a first-order administrative district of the Viceroyalty of New Spain in the Yucatan peninsula.
Beltrán de Cetina y del Castillo was one of the original conquistadors and founders of Mérida in the modern Mexican state of Yucatán. His siblings included: Renaissance poet Gutierre de Cetina; Ana Andrea del Castillo, self-described conquistadora and wife of Francisco de Montejo the Younger; and Gregorio de Cetina, also a conqueror of Yucatán.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Guadalajara, Mexico.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Chihuahua, Mexico.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Puebla, Mexico.
The following is a timeline of the history of Aguascalientes City, Mexico.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of León, Guanajuato, Mexico.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Villahermosa in Centro Municipality, Tabasco state, Mexico.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Campeche, Mexico.
Mauricio Vila Dosal is a Mexican politician currently serving as the Governor of Yucatán. Prior to this, he was the Mayor of Mérida.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Murcia, Spain.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Las Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain.
The Cámara Houses, also known as the Twin Houses, are two historic town houses at 495 Paseo de Montejo in Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico. Built between 1908 and 1911, they were based on a Beux-Arts design in the French Second Empire Style by Gustave Umbdenstock, the French architect. Initially, they served as a private residence for the aristocratic de la Cámara family. In 1964, one of the two houses was acquired by the Barbachano family; since 2021, it has been open to the public as a museum. Over the years, the houses have received countless guests, including Princess Grace and Prince Rainier of Monaco, Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, Umberto II of Italy and Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis.