Timeline of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

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Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Timeline of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk is a time line of events during the lifespan of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. The time line also includes the background events starting with the Sultan Abdul Hamid II.

Military career Leadership during Independence Presidency Personal life
18761 SeptemberAccession of Abdul Hamid II. [1]
23 DecemberPromulgation of Ottoman constitution Ottoman constitution of 1876 (Kanûn-ı Esâsî).
187719 MarchOpening of first Ottoman parliament.
24 AprilRussian troops enter Ottoman territory.
187814 FebruaryOttoman parliament dissolved.
3 MarchRussian victory confirmed by Treaty of San Stefano (Ayastefanos).
13 July Treaty of Berlin replaces Treaty of San Stefano.
1881Mustafa (Kemal Atatürk) born in Salonica (Selanik, now Thessaloniki, Greece).
24 MayNew border with Greece. Thessaly ceded to Greece.
1888Ali Rıza, Mustafa's father, dies.
1893Mustafa enters military preparatory school in Salonica.
1897 Greco-Ottoman War.
189913 MarchMustafa Kemal enters infantry class of War College in Constantinople (now known in English as Istanbul).
190210 FebruaryCommissioned Second Lieutenant, and enters Staff College.
1903Promoted First Lieutenant.
190511 JanuaryPasses out as Staff Captain and is posted for Fifth Army in Syria; revives a secret opposition group in Damascus.
1906Makes clandestine trip to Salonica.
190720 JunePromoted Adjutant-Major.
13 OctoberPosted to Third Army headquarters in Salonica.
190822 JuneAppointed to Inspectorate of Eastern Railways in Rumelia.
24 July Young Turk Revolution.
SeptemberMustafa Kemal travels to Tripoli and Benghazi to re-establish CUP.
190913 JanuaryAppointed chief of staff of 7th reserve division in Salonica.
13 AprilTravels with his division to the outskirts of Constantinople; 31 March Incident.
27 April Abdul Hamid II deposed and succeeded by Mehmet V; 31 March Incident.
1910SeptemberVisits French army manoeuvres in Picardy.
191115 JanuaryAppointed to 5th army corps headquarters.
JanuaryCommander 38th infantry regiment.
13 SeptemberPosted to general staff in Constantinople.
SeptemberVolunteers for service against the Italians in Cyrenaica.
27 NovemberPromoted Major.
191211 MarchAppointed commander of Derne sector in Cyrenaica; Italo-Turkish War.
8 October First Balkan War.
8 OctoberSalonica falls to the Greeks.
24 OctoberMustafa Kemal leaves Cyrenaica and returns to Constantinople.
25 NovemberAppointed director of operations of Straits Composite Force.
191323 JanuaryCUP seizes power (1913 Ottoman coup d'état).
24 MarchAdrianople (Edirne) falls to the Bulgarians.
29 June Second Balkan War.
21 JulyOttomans reoccupy Edirne.
29 SeptemberTreaty of Constantinople fixes Turkish-Bulgarian frontier.
27 OctoberMustafa Kemal appointed military attaché in Sofia.
19141 MarchMustafa Kemal promoted Lieutenant-Colonel.
28 July Austria declares war on Serbia; beginning of First World War.
2 AugustOttoman Empire signs Ottoman–German alliance.
29 OctoberAfter Pursuit of Goeben and Breslau Ottoman navy under German command shells Russian targets.
2 November Russia declares war on Ottoman Empire.
5 November Britain declares war on Ottoman Empire.
5 November France declares war on Ottoman Empire.
191520 JanuaryMustafa Kemal leaves Sofia to take up appointment as commander of 19th division for service in Battle of Gallipoli.
21 MarchAllied navy fails to force the straits at Naval operations in the Dardanelles Campaign.
27 AprilAllied troops Landing at Anzac Cove faced with Kemal.
6 AugustFinal attempts made by the British at Battle of Sari Bair faced with Kemal.
191930 AprilAppointed the Inspector of the Ninth Army Troops.
19 MayKemal lands in Samsun.
8 JulyMustafa Kemal resigns from the post of Inspector of Third Army and from the army.
23 JulyKemal elected Chairman of Erzurum Congress.
192023 AprilKemal opens the Grand National Assembly (BMM) in Angora (now Ankara).
11 MayKemal is condemned to death by the government in Constantinople.
19215 AugustAppointed Commander - in - Chief by the Grand National Assembly.
23 AugustThe battle of Sakarya begins with Turkish troops led by Mustafa Kemal.
19 SeptemberKemal receives the rank of Marshal and the title Gazi (veteran, victorious warrior).
192226 AugustGazi Mustafa Kemal begins to lead Great Offensive from the hill of Kocatepe.
30 AugustMustafa Kemal at the Battle of Dumlupınar.
10 SeptemberEnters Izmir.
1 NovemberThe Grand National Assembly abolish the Sultanate.
192314 JanuaryZübeyde Hanım dies in Smyrna (now Izmir).
29 JanuaryMustafa Kemal and Latife Uşşakizade marry in Izmir.
29 OctoberProclamation of the Republic of Turkey.
29 OctoberElected first president.
19289 AugustSpeaks at Sarayburnu about the new Turkish alphabet.
193212 JulyFounds the Turkish Linguistic Society (now the Turkish Language Association). [2]
193416 JuneThe Grand National Assembly of Turkey passes a law granting him the surname "ATATÜRK".
193810 NovemberHe dies.

See also

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  1. The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. Inc Encyclopaedia Britannica (15th ed.). Chicago, Ill. 2010. ISBN   978-1-59339-837-8. OCLC   351325565.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link) CS1 maint: others (link)
  2. Tachau, Frank (1964). "Language and Politics: Turkish Language Reform". The Review of Politics. 26 (2): 196–198. doi:10.1017/S0034670500004733. ISSN   0034-6705. JSTOR   1405748. S2CID   144763761.