Timeline of São Tomé

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The following is a timeline of the capital city of São Tomé as well as Água Grande District (since 1975, much of the district is covered by this city) in the island of São Tomé. São Tomé and Príncipe.

Contents

Before the 20th century

20th century

21st century

Related Research Articles

São Tomé Capital and the largest city of São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé is the capital and largest city of the Central African island country of São Tomé and Príncipe. Its name is Portuguese for "Saint Thomas". Founded in the 15th century, it is one of Africa's oldest colonial cities.

Santo António Town in Príncipe, São Tomé and Príncipe

Santo António, also known as Santo António do Príncipe, is the main settlement of the island of Príncipe in São Tomé and Príncipe. It lies on the north east coast. It is the capital of the Autonomous Region of Príncipe. Its population is 2,620 (2012), about 35% of the island's population. The town is known for its colonial architecture and for its churches: Church of Our Lady of the Conception and Church of Our Lady of the Rosary. The town is also known for the Auto das Floripes play, which is performed by the citizens.

Trindade is a town located on São Tomé Island, which is part of the island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe. Its population is 16,140. It is the seat of Mé-Zóchi District. It lies 7 km southwest of the capital São Tomé. Nearby places include Diogo Simão to the northeast, Lemos to the east, Cruzeiro to the south and Piedade to the west. There is a secondary school in Trindade, opened in 2011, with a capacity of 720 students.

São Tomé Island Largest island of São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé Island, at 854 km2 (330 sq mi), is the largest island of São Tomé and Príncipe and is home in May 2018 to about 193,380 or 96% of the nation's population. The island is divided into six districts. It is located 2 km north of the equator.

Ilhéu das Rolas

Ilhéu das Rolas is an islet in the African island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe. The island lies on the Equator, off the southern tip of São Tomé Island, separated by Canal das Rolas. Its maximum elevation is 96 m (315 ft). Its population is 76. It is part of the Caué District. Access is only by ferry departing from Ponta Baleia on São Tomé Island. There is a lighthouse on the islet, built in 1929. Its focal height is 106 metres (348 ft) and its range is 12 nmi. The island is home to a small resort, the Pestana Equador.

Sporting Praia Cruz Football club

Sporting Clube da Praia Cruz is a football club that plays in the São Tomé and Príncipe Championship. The team is based in the island of São Tomé. The team has won eight national and six island titles and is the third team in history to claim its first title in 1982. The team currently plays in the island premier division. Its logo has a shield and is colored green and features a lion with a soccer ball on the left, the abbreviated name is bubbled on the top and the unabbreviated form is at the bottom. Sporting Portugal are the fathering club of Sporting Praia Cruz and its 82nd affiliate. Other Sporting affiliates are Sporting Príncipe and São Tomé.

The University of São Tomé and Príncipe, USTP, is a public institution of higher education in São Tomé and Príncipe. It is the main institution dedicated to teaching, research and university extension of the country. It was established in 2014 by merging three older institutions of higher education: ISP, EFOPE and ICS.

The Roman Catholic Diocese of São Tomé and Príncipe is a diocese, immediately subject to the Holy See, with its seat in the city of São Tomé in São Tomé and Príncipe. It covers the territory of the Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe. As of 2015, 112,000 or 57.4% of the inhabitants of São Tomé and Príncipe were catholic.

São Sebastião Museum National Museum in São Tomé Island, São Tomé and Príncipe

São Sebastião Museum is a museum, housed in a 16th century fortress in the city of São Tomé, São Tomé and Príncipe. It lies in the northeastern part of the city centre, at the southeastern end of Ana Chaves Bay. It contains religious art and colonial-era artifacts. The fortress was built in 1566 by the Portuguese in order to protect the port and city of São Tomé against pirate attacks. A lighthouse was established in the fortress in 1866; it was rebuilt in 1928. The fortress was restored at the end of the 1950s.

Ana Chaves Bay Body of water

Ana Chaves Bay is a bay on the northeast coast of São Tomé Island in São Tomé and Príncipe. The capital city of São Tomé and its port are situated by the bay. It stretches from the Ponta Oque del Rei in the north to Ponta São Sebastião in the south. Forte de São Sebastião, now part of São Sebastião Museum, occupies Ponta São Sebastião. The port of São Tomé was built at the end of the 1950s on reclaimed land that extends 0.2 miles (0.32 km) north of Ponta São Sebastião; there is a 200 m quay at its north end, with a depth of 3 metres alongside. It is the main port of the country for solid goods; the port of Neves is the main point of entry for liquid fuels. The bay is generally shallow, offering anchorage for small vessels in depths of less than 5 metres (16 ft).

Portuguese São Tomé and Príncipe 1485–1975 Portuguese island colony in Central Africa

São Tomé and Príncipe islands were a colony of the Portuguese Empire from its discovery in 1470 until 1975, when independence was granted by Portugal.

Our Lady of Grace Cathedral, São Tomé Church in São Tomé, São Tomé and Príncipe

The Our Lady of Grace Cathedral, also called Cathedral of São Tomé, is a church in the city of São Tomé, capital of the African and island country of São Tomé and Príncipe. It is the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of São Tomé and Príncipe. It stands at Praça do Povo in the city centre, close to the Presidential Palace.

Our Lady of Conception Church, São Tomé Church in São Tomé, São Tomé and Príncipe

The Our Lady of Conception Church also simply called Church of the Conception, is the name given to a parish church that is affiliated with the Catholic Church and is located in the Água Grande District, specifically on Conceição Avenue right next to the "Hotel Residêncial Baía" in the town of São Tomé on the island of the same name, capital of the African country of São Tomé and Principe.

Our Lady of Grace Cathedral, Bafatá Church in Bafatá, Guinea-Bissau

The Our Lady of Grace Cathedral also called Cathedral of Batafá, is a religious building that is affiliated with the Catholic Church and is located in the town of Bafatá in the region of Batafá one of those that make the African country of Guinea-Bissau. This is one of the two cathedrals that exist in that nation being the other dedicated to Our Lady of the Candles found in the capital, Bissau. The building more than a cathedral is more like a parish church of Portuguese colonial style.

Presidential Palace, São Tomé

The Presidential Palace of São Tomé e Príncipe is the official residence of the President of the Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe and located in the capital, São Tomé. The 19th century Portuguese colonial style structure formerly served as the residence of the Governor of Portuguese São Tomé and Príncipe, until 1975 when the country achieved independence

São Sebastião Lighthouse Lighthouse

São Sebastião Lighthouse is a lighthouse in the São Sebastião fortress at the southeastern end of Ana Chaves Bay in São Tomé, capital of São Tomé and Príncipe. The lighthouse is a 6 metres high white round tower with a red lantern. It was built in 1928. Its focal height is 14 metres.

Francisco José Tenreiro was a São Toméan geographer and poet who lived during the colonial era. He was taught at the Overseas Political and Social Sciences Institute, now known as the Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas of the University of Lisbon.

This is a timeline of Portuguese São Tomé and Príncipe from its discovery between mid-January 1469 to 1471 to independence on July 12, 1975. It includes the time when the island was under Dutch and French occupations and the separate colonies of São Tomé and Príncipe up to its unification in 1753.

Forte de Santo Antônio da Barra Fort and museum in Salvador, Brazil

Forte de Santo Antônio da Barra is a fort located in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. It was constructed to guard the entrance to the Bay of All Saints, during the time of the Portuguese Empire. The first Portuguese fortification erected in Bahia was likely built in 1501, on the same area now occupied by the Forte de Santo Antônio da Barra. The foundation stone of that first fortification was placed in an area called Ponta do Padrão, now known as the Largo do Farol da Barra, the broad public square in front of the fort. The fort also houses the 22 metres (72 ft)-high Barra Lighthouse and the Nautical Museum of Bahia. The Santo Antônio da Barra Fort is protected as a historic structures by the National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage.

João Guadalupe Viegas de Ceita is a Santomean writer and a doctor, one of the national heroes. He was one of co-founders and ideologist of the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe (MLSTP), a project for an independent São Tomé and Príncipe.

References

  1. Mata, Inocência (1993-01-01). Emergência e existência de uma literatura: o caso santomense (in Portuguese). Edições ALAC.
  2. "HPIP". www.hpip.org. Retrieved 2016-05-11.
  3. Lemos, Carlos Neves. Esboço Histórico das Ilhas de S.Tomé e Príncipe. 1975
  4. 1 2 Adolf Friedrich, Duke of Mecklenburg Schwerin (1913). "German Central African Expedition: 1910-1911" (in German).
  5. Rowlett, Russ (September 16, 2005). "Lighthouses of São Tomé and Príncipe". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill . Retrieved April 14, 2009.
  6. Milheiro, Ana Vaz (19 March 2015). "São Tomé e Príncipe e o trabalho do Gabinete de Urbanização Colonial (1944-1974)" [São Tomé and Príncipe And Work of the Colonial Urbanisation Cabinet (1944-1974)](PDF). Virtina ST.
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  8. Biafra Relief Heroes: remembering--in the words of those who were there..., Voice of Biafra International. Retrieved 2013-11-24
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  10. "Table 8 - Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants", Demographic Yearbook – 2018, United Nations
  11. "Jornal de São Tomé". www.jornal.st. Archived from the original on 2 September 2006. Retrieved 13 January 2022.