Timeline of events in Cyprus, 1974

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This is a timeline of events of the 1974 Cypriot coup d'état and the responding Turkish invasion of Cyprus from 15 July to 16 August 1974.

Contents

April

May

July 1974

The initial wave of around a company of Turkish infantry attack was blunted by heavy weapons and small arms fire from the 42 LOK and 43 LOK to the south, while the 41 LOK opened fire from the terminal on the flank. Conceding defeat, the Turks fell back to their original positions with significant casualties. The latter then regrouped and advanced again in battalion strength towards the positions of the 42 and 43 LOKs, braving a withering hail of bullets. In turn, the Turks commenced fire from their rear-line with a 4.2-inch (110 mm) mortar from the direction of an adjacent UN encampment. The Greek Cypriots now launched a counter-attack against the Turkish infantry within the airport perimeter by assaulting the ground troops with their five M8 Greyhound armoured vehicles. [33]

The Turkish forces based near the UN camp were targeted by the Greek 41 LOK, which fired M79 phosphorus grenades at them in order to cause a bush fire and smoke. A 90mm anti-tank rocket was also fired in the direction of a suspected observation post in a house on the northern edge of the airport, forcing it to be abandoned. Before the Canadian UN forces arrived, two Turkish M47 tanks attempted a diversionary attack to the eastern terminal. Defenders subsequently destroyed both with an M20 Super Bazooka. crew. [34]

August 1974

See also

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References

  1. Borowiec, Andrew (1983). "The Mediterranean Feud". New York: Praeger Publishers. p. 98.
  2. "The Speech by Makarios Delivered before the UN Security Council on 19 July 1974". ... the root of the evil is very deep, reaching as far as Athens. It is from there that the tree of evil, the bitter fruits of which the Greek Cypriot people are tasting today, is being fed and maintained and helped to grow and spread. In order to be absolutely clear I say that cadres of the military regime of Greece support and direct the activity of the EOKA terrorist organisation... It is also known, and an undeniable fact, that the opposition Cyprus press, which supports the criminal activity of EOKA and which has its sources of finance in Athens, received guidance and line from those in charge of the 2nd General Staff Office and the branch of the Greek Central Intelligence Services in Cyprus... Even the evil spirit which possesses the three defroced Cypriot Bishops who have caused a major crisis in the Church emanated from Athens... I have more than once so far felt and in some cases I have almost touched a hand invisibly extending from Athens and seeking to liquidate my human existence... I am not an appointed prefect or locum tenens of the Greek government in Cyprus, but an elected leader of a large section of Hellenism and I demand an appropriate conduct by the National Center towards me.
  3. AP Archive (10 July 1974). "SYND 10 7 74 PRESIDENT MAKARIOS SACKS GREEK OFFICERS IN THE CYPRUS NATIONAL GUARD". YouTube.
  4. AP Archive (11 July 1974). "SYND 12 7 74 INTERVIEW WITH PRESIDENT OF CYPRUS ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS". YouTube. ... regardless of the reaction of the Greek Government on the 20th of July the numerical strength of the National Guard would be reduced... I shall go ahead with the implementation of his decisions in order to turn the National Guard, which is now virtually under the control of the Greek Government into an organ of the Cyprus government... if the Greek Government will give orders to the Greek Officers to stay here in Cyprus then I will dissolve the National Guard... the documents in my possession prove beyond any doubt the guilt of Athens in the terrorist activities of EOKA B. If I am challenged I will not hesitate to release these documents.
  5. "Excerpts From Makarios's Statement to the U.N. Security Council". New York Times. 20 July 1974. On Saturday, 13 July, a conference under the presidency of General Gizikis was held in Athens which lasted for many hours. It was attended by the Greek Chief of Staff of the armed forces, the Ambassador of Greece to Cyprus, the Commander of the National Guard and other officials, for the purpose of discussing the content of my letter. As was stated in a relevant communique issued at the end of this conference, it was to be reconvened on Monday, 15 July. The reference in the communique to a second conference was deceiving. For while on Monday I was waiting for a reply to my letter the reply came, and it was the coup.
  6. "Newsweek Issue of 29 July 1974". Newsweek. 29 July 1974. p. 48. On the night before the coup... more than 100 Greek army officers, dressed in civilian clothes, boarded an Olympic Airlines 727 for an unscheduled flight to Nicosia. The men were seen off by Colonel Michael Pylikhos, a top aide of Ioannidis. Another flight carrying an additional 100 men followed them 24 hours later.
  7. "CYPRUS: Big Troubles over a Small Island". TIME. 29 July 1974.
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  10. Manoukian, Marina (15 November 2022). "The Reason Cyprus is Divided".
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  12. AP Archive (15 July 1974). "SYND 15 7 74 INTERVIEW WITH NICHOLAS SAMPSON, WHO CLAIMS TO BE THE PROVISIONAL PRESIDENT OF CYPRUS". YouTube. ex-EOKA fighters murdered by government forces... because of their beliefs for union with Greece and their love for their general Grivas... the EOKA-B movement continue in the ideas of Grivas... it is not only a problem of enosis in this moment, it is a problem to make these people to stay in their beliefs of the struggle for freedom...
  13. "Washington Star News Issue 22 July 1974". Washington Star News. 22 July 1974. Bodies littered the streets and there were mass burials... People told by Makarios to lay down their guns, were shot by the National Guard.
  14. "CYPRUS: Big Troubles over a Small Island". TIME. 29 July 1974.{{cite magazine}}: Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  15. "Newsweek Issue of 29 July 1974". Newsweek. 29 July 1974. p. 48. On the night before the coup... more than 100 Greek army officers, dressed in civilian clothes, boarded an Olympic Airlines 727 for an unscheduled flight to Nicosia. The men were seen off by Colonel Michael Pylikhos, a top aide of Ioannidis. Another flight carrying an additional 100 men followed them 24 hours later.
  16. "Summary of world broadcasts: Non-Arab Africa, Issues 4639-4716". BBC Monitoring Service. 1974.
  17. "FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1969–1976, VOLUME XXX, GREECE; CYPRUS; TURKEY, 1973–1976. Document 79. Memorandum From Rosemary Niehuss of the National Security Council Staff to Secretary of State Kissinger. 6 a.m. 15 July 1974".
  18. "National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 592, Country Files, Middle East, Cyprus, Vol. II. Secret. Sent for information. Kissinger discussed the Cyprus crisis in the third volume of his memoirs, Years of Renewal (Simon and Schuster, 1999), pp. 192–238; Telegrams 1339, 1340, and 1344, July 15. (National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy Files, 1974".
  19. "CYPRUS: Big Troubles over a Small Island". TIME. 29 July 1974. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080307152514/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,911440,00.html
  20. Constandinos, Andreas (2009). America, Britain and the Cyprus Crisis of 1974: Calculated Conspiracy Or Foreign Policy Failure?. AuthorHouse. p. 206. ISBN 9781467887076. Retrieved 5 March 2015. https://books.google.com/books?id=JOHYjyShuGIC&q=makarios+whirlwind&pg=PA206
  21. Stern, op. cit., pp. 113-115.
  22. Dodd, Clement. "The History and Politics of the Cyprus Conflict." New York: Palgrave Macmillan 2010,113.
  23. AP Archive (18 July 1974). "SYND 18 7 74 PRESIDENT OF CYPRUS, ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS PRESS STATEMENT".
  24. Drousiotis, 2005
  25. Drousiotis, 2005
  26. Hellenic Nationalist Page – Timeline of 1974 Invasion
  27. United Nations Security Council Resolution 353 Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
  28. OI HPOEZ tou 1974, Kostas Xp. Tzoptzhe, Lefkosia 2003 ISBN   9963-7815-7-8
  29. Safty, Adel (2011), The Cyprus Question: Diplomacy and International Law, iUniverse.com
  30. Drousiotis, 2005
  31. Battle of Nicosia International Airport – Cyprus 1974 by a Greek Commando, Published Istoria (History), 1993
  32. Battle of Nicosia International Airport – Cyprus 1974 by a Greek Commando, Published Istoria (History), 1993
  33. Battle of Nicosia International Airport – Cyprus 1974 by a Greek Commando, Published Istoria (History), 1993
  34. Battle of Nicosia International Airport – Cyprus 1974 by a Greek Commando, Published Istoria (History), 1993
  35. Council of Europe Archived 2014-05-14 at the Wayback Machine
  36. Karkaletsis, 2004
  37. "Security Council Resolution 360 - UNSCR".

Sources