Timeline of the 2015 Pacific hurricane season

Last updated

Timeline of the
2015 Pacific hurricane season
2015 Pacific hurricane season summary map.png
Season summary map
Season boundaries
First system formedMay 28, 2015
Last system dissipatedDecember 31, 2015
(record latest)
Strongest system
NamePatricia
(Most intense hurricane in the Western Hemisphere)
Maximum winds215 mph (345 km/h)
(1-minute sustained)
Lowest pressure872 mbar (hPa; 25.75 inHg)
Longest lasting system
NameJimena
Duration14.75 days
Storm articles
Other years
2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017

The 2015 Pacific hurricane season was the second-most active Pacific hurricane season on record, [1] and featured the strongest tropical cyclone ever observed in the Western Hemisphere: Hurricane Patricia. The season officially started on May 15 in the Eastern Pacific—east of 140°W—and on June 1 in the Central Pacific—between the International Date Line and 140°W—and ended on November 30. These dates typically cover the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Northeastern Pacific tropical cyclone basin. [2] The season's first storm, Hurricane Andres, developed on May 28; the season's final storm, Tropical Depression Nine-C, dissipated on December 31, well after the official end of the season.

Contents

Throughout the season, 31  tropical depressions developed, 26 of which became tropical storms, a record-tying 16 of them reached hurricane strength, and a record-breaking 11 achieved major hurricane intensity. [nb 1] Activity in the Central Pacific shattered records, with 16 tropical cyclones forming in or entering the basin; the previous highest was 11 during the 1992 and 1994 seasons. [4] On August 30, three hurricanes at Category 4 strength—Ignacio, Jimena, and Kilo—existed simultaneously in the Northeastern Pacific, which was a first for the basin. [5] On October 23, Hurricane Patricia became the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Western Hemisphere, with a minimum atmospheric pressure of 872  mbar (hPa; 25.75  inHg) and maximum sustained winds of 215 mph (345 km/h). Activity in the basin was boosted by the strong 2014–16 El Niño event, which brought anomalously high sea surface temperatures and low vertical wind shear that helped the numerous systems form and intensify. [6] [7]

Four time zones are utilized in the basin: Central for storms east of 106.0°W, Mountain from 106.0°W to 114.9°W, Pacific from 115.0°W to 140.0°W, [8] and Hawaii–Aleutian for storms between the International Date Line and 140°W. [9] However, for convenience, all information is listed by Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) first with the respective local time included in parentheses. This timeline includes information that was not operationally released, meaning that data from post-storm reviews by the National Hurricane Center and Central Pacific Hurricane Center are included. This timeline documents tropical cyclone formations, strengthening, weakening, landfalls, extratropical transitions, and dissipations during the season.

Timeline

Hurricane Sandra (2015)Hurricane PatriciaHurricane Marty (2015)Hurricane Linda (2015)Hurricane Dolores (2015)Typhoon HalolaHurricane Carlos (2015)Hurricane Blanca (2015)Saffir–Simpson scaleTimeline of the 2015 Pacific hurricane season

May

May 15

May 28

May 29

May 30

May 31

June

June 1

Hurricane Andres shortly after peak intensity on June 1 Andres 2015-06-01 2035Z.jpg
Hurricane Andres shortly after peak intensity on June 1

June 2

June 3

Hurricane Blanca near peak intensity on June 3 Blanca 2015-06-03 1445Z EVL.png
Hurricane Blanca near peak intensity on June 3

June 4

June 5

June 6

June 7

June 8

Tropical Depression Blanca weakening over the Baja California Peninsula on June 8 Blanca 2015-06-08 2130Z (cropped).jpg
Tropical Depression Blanca weakening over the Baja California Peninsula on June 8

June 9

June 10

June 11

June 13

Hurricane Carlos at peak intensity on June 13 Carlos 2015-06-13 1755Z.jpg
Hurricane Carlos at peak intensity on June 13

June 15

June 16

June 17

July

July 8

Tracks of Tropical Storms Halola (left), Iune (center), and Ela (right) across the Central Pacific basin during July; the Hawaiian islands are shown in the middle of the map. July 2015 Central Pacific storm tracks.png
Tracks of Tropical Storms Halola (left), Iune (center), and Ela (right) across the Central Pacific basin during July; the Hawaiian islands are shown in the middle of the map.

July 10

July 11

July 12

Path of Tropical Storm Enrique in the open Pacific Ocean Enrique 2015 track.png
Path of Tropical Storm Enrique in the open Pacific Ocean

July 13

July 14

July 15

July 16

A weakening Hurricane Dolores southwest of the Baja California Peninsula on July 16 Dolores 2015-07-16 1835Z.jpg
A weakening Hurricane Dolores southwest of the Baja California Peninsula on July 16

July 17

July 18

July 23

July 24

July 27

July 29

July 30

July 31

Hurricane Guillermo at peak strength on July 31 Guillermo 2015-07-31 1935Z.jpg
Hurricane Guillermo at peak strength on July 31

August

August 2

August 3

August 6

August 7

August 8

Path of Hurricane Hilda across the Central Pacific. Briefly threatening the Hawaiian Islands, Hilda eventually weakened and turned away on August 12. Hilda 2015 track.png
Path of Hurricane Hilda across the Central Pacific. Briefly threatening the Hawaiian Islands, Hilda eventually weakened and turned away on August 12.

August 9

August 10

August 12

August 13

August 14

August 16

Path of Tropical Depression Eleven-E paralleling the west coast of Mexico 11-E 2015 track.png
Path of Tropical Depression Eleven-E paralleling the west coast of Mexico

August 18

August 21

August 22

August 23

August 24

August 25

Hurricane Loke (top) and Tropical Depression Kilo (bottom) on August 25 Kilo & Loke 2015-08-25 0110Z.jpg
Hurricane Loke (top) and Tropical Depression Kilo (bottom) on August 25

August 26

August 27

August 28

August 29

August 30

Hurricanes Kilo (left), Ignacio (center), and Jimena (right) at major hurricane strength on August 30. This was the first time that three such systems existed simultaneously over the Pacific Ocean east of the International Date Line since reliable records began. Kilo, Ignacio and Jimena 2015-08-30 2100Z.jpg
Hurricanes Kilo (left), Ignacio (center), and Jimena (right) at major hurricane strength on August 30. This was the first time that three such systems existed simultaneously over the Pacific Ocean east of the International Date Line since reliable records began.

August 31

September

September 1

September 2

September 3

Tropical Storm Kevin holding its intensity on September 4 Kevin 2015-09-04 1825Z.jpg
Tropical Storm Kevin holding its intensity on September 4

September 4

September 5

September 6

September 7

September 8

Hurricane Linda at Category 3 strength on September 8 Linda 2015-09-08 1800Z.png
Hurricane Linda at Category 3 strength on September 8

September 9

September 10

September 18

September 20

The nascent Tropical Depression Sixteen-E on September 20. The system's rainbands already cover Baja California Sur and extend into the Gulf of California. 16E 2015-09-20 1820Z.jpg
The nascent Tropical Depression Sixteen-E on September 20. The system's rainbands already cover Baja California Sur and extend into the Gulf of California.

September 21

September 22

September 25

Tropical Storm Niala shortly after being named on September 25 Niala 2015-09-25 2020Z.jpg
Tropical Storm Niala shortly after being named on September 25

September 26

September 27

September 28

September 29

September 30

October

October 3

October 4

October 6

Hurricane Oho intensifying on October 6. The trough that steered the system northeast can be seen north of the hurricane. Oho 2015-10-06 2310Z.jpg
Hurricane Oho intensifying on October 6. The trough that steered the system northeast can be seen north of the hurricane.

October 7

October 8

October 9

October 10

October 11

October 12

October 14

October 15

Storm path of Hurricane Olaf, which traversed the Eastern and Central Pacific basins from October 15-27. Olaf 2015 track.png
Storm path of Hurricane Olaf, which traversed the Eastern and Central Pacific basins from October 15–27.

October 17

October 18

October 19

October 20

October 21

October 22

October 23

Hurricane Patricia approaching Western Mexico at Category 5 strength on October 23. Just minutes after this picture was taken, hurricane hunters observed the Western Hemisphere then-record-low pressure of 879 mbar (hPa; 25.96 inHg), but post-storm analysis concluded that the peak intensity had occurred several hours earlier. Patricia 2015-10-23 1730Z.jpg
Hurricane Patricia approaching Western Mexico at Category 5 strength on October 23. Just minutes after this picture was taken, hurricane hunters observed the Western Hemisphere then-record-low pressure of 879 mbar (hPa; 25.96 inHg), but post-storm analysis concluded that the peak intensity had occurred several hours earlier.

October 24

October 25

October 26

October 27

November

November 18

November 19

November 22

November 23

Path of Hurricane Sandra in late November Sandra 2015 track.png
Path of Hurricane Sandra in late November

November 24

November 25

November 26

November 27

November 28

November 30

December

December 31

January 2016

January 1

See also

Notes

  1. A major hurricane is a storm that ranks as Category 3 or higher on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale. [3]
  2. The figures for maximum sustained winds and position estimates are rounded to the nearest five units (knots, miles, or kilometers), following the convention used in the National Hurricane Center's operational products for each storm. All other units are rounded to the nearest digit.

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