This is a timeline of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (907–979), which followed the collapse of the Tang dynasty in 907 AD. The Five Dynasties refer to the succession of dynasties which ruled northern China following the Tang collapse while the Ten Kingdoms, with the exception of Northern Han, ruled in southern China. This era of division ended in 979 AD with the rise of the Song dynasty under Emperor Taizu of Song, although the Song would never reconquer the northern territory lost to the Khitans, collectively known as the Sixteen Prefectures.
|907||Later Liang : Zhu Wen deposes Emperor Ai of Tang and founds the Later Liang in Kaifeng, ruling over North China|
|Later Liang : The Khúc clan takes control of Annam and establishes tributary relations with Later Liang|
|Jin : Li Keyong stays independent as Jin in Shanxi|
|Chu : Later Liang makes Ma Yin Prince of Chu|
|Wuyue : Qian Liu becomes Prince of Wuyue|
|Former Shu : Wang Jian declares himself emperor of Former Shu in Chengdu|
|908||Jin : Li Keyong dies and is succeeded by his son Li Cunxu|
|909||Later Liang : Zhu Wen moves the Ancestral Temple to Luoyang|
|Min : Wang Shenzhi becomes Prince of Min in Fuzhou|
|911||Yan : Liu Shouguang declares Yan around modern day Beijing|
|912||Later Liang : Zhu Wen is killed by his son Zhu Yougui, who usurps power|
|913||Jin : Defeats Liu Shouguang|
|Later Liang : Zhu Yougui is killed by his brother Zhu Youzhen, who seizes power and moves the capital to Kaifeng|
|916||Abaoji declares himself emperor of the Khitans|
|917||Southern Han : Liu Yan declares himself emperor of Great Yue in Guangzhou|
|918||Southern Han : Liu Yan renames Great Yue to Southern Han|
|919||Wu : Yang Longyan declares himself Prince of Wu|
|The gunpowder slow match appears in China.|
|922||Abaoji raids Jin|
|923||Later Tang : Li Cunxu conquers Later Liang and founds Later Tang|
|Qi : Li Maozhen submits to Later Tang|
|Abaoji raids Later Tang|
|924||Later Tang : Capital is moved to Luoyang|
|Jingnan : Gao Jixing becomes Prince of Nanping in Jingzhou|
|925||Later Tang : Conquers Former Shu and names Luoyang its Eastern Capital|
|926||Later Tang : Li Cunxu is killed and Li Siyuan becomes emperor in Luoyang|
|930||Southern Han : Invades Annam and removes the Khúc clan from power|
|Later Tang : Yelü Bei flees to Later Tang|
|931||Southern Han : Dương Đình Nghệ expels Southern Han from Đại La and declares himself governor|
|932||Wuyue : Qian Liu dies and is succeeded by his son Qian Yuanguan who dies not long after and is succeeded by Li Congke|
|The Twelve Classics and other texts are printed|
|934||Later Tang : Li Siyuan dies and is succeeded by his son Li Conghou|
|Later Shu : Meng Zhixiang declares himself emperor of Later Shu and dies not long after and is succeeded by his son Meng Chang|
|936||28 November||Later Jin : Khitans install Shi Jingtang as emperor of the Later Jin. In return Shi transfers 16 prefectures in Shanxi and Hebei to the Liao.|
|Later Jin : Conquers Later Tang|
|937||Southern Tang : Li Bian declares himself emperor of Southern Tang in Jinling and replaces Wu|
|Southern Han : Kiều Công Tiễn kills Dương Đình Nghệ and calls Southern Han into a war against his enemies in the southern provinces, however Đình Nghệ's son-in-law Ngô Quyền murders Công Tiễn|
|Later Jin : Shi Jingtang kills Yelü Bei|
|938||Battle of Bạch Đằng : Ngô Quyền defeats the Southern Han fleet|
|939||Ngô Quyền declares his own Ngô dynasty at Cổ Loa Citadel|
|942||Southern Han : Liu Yan dies|
|Later Jin : Shi Jingtang dies and is succeeded by his nephew Shi Chonggui|
|943||Southern Tang : Li Bian dies|
|945||Southern Tang : Conquers Min|
|947||The Khitan state is named the Liao dynasty|
|Liao dynasty invades Later Jin and sacks Xiang Prefecture, killing most of its population|
|Later Han : Liu Zhiyuan declares himself emperor of Later Han in Kaifeng|
|948||Later Han : Liu Zhiyuan dies and is succeeded by his son Liu Chengyou|
|950||Later Han : Liu Chengyou fails to kill Guo Wei and dies|
|Fire lances appear in China.|
|951||Later Zhou : Guo Wei declares himself emperor of Later Zhou|
|Northern Han : Liu Chong declares himself emperor of Northern Han in Taiyuan|
|Southern Tang : Annexes Chu|
|953||The Iron Lion of Cangzhou, the largest and oldest surviving cast iron artwork in China, is cast|
|954||Later Zhou : Guo Wei dies and is succeeded by his adopted son Chai Rong|
|955||Later Zhou : Chai Rong launches proscription campaign against Buddhism|
|956||Later Zhou : Chai Rong launches expedition against Southern Tang|
|957||Later Zhou : Chai Rong captures areas south of the Huai from Southern Tang|
|959||Later Zhou : Chai Rong dies and is succeeded by his son Chai Zongxun|
|960||February||Song dynasty : Zhao Kuangyin declares himself Emperor Taizu of Song, replacing Later Zhou|
|963||Song : Conquers Jingnan|
|Song : Introduces the appointment by protection system, which allows high officials to nominate their sons, grandsons, and nephews for the civil service|
|965||Song conquest of Later Shu : Song conquers Later Shu|
|Tao Gu provides the first written documentation of using cormorants for fishing|
|968||Đinh Bộ Lĩnh of the Đinh dynasty declares independence from China|
|969||Gunpowder propelled fire arrows, rocket arrows, are invented by Yue Yifang and Feng Jisheng.|
|971||Song conquest of Southern Han : Song conquers Southern Han|
|974||The earliest natural history of pharmaceuticals, the Kaibao Bencao , is printed|
|975||Song conquest of Southern Tang : Song conquers Southern Tang|
|976||14 November||Song : Emperor Taizu of Song dies and his brother Zhao Guangyi succeeds him as Emperor Taizong of Song|
|978||Song : Conquers Wuyue|
|979||Song conquest of Northern Han : Song conquers Northern Han|
Ancient Chinese scientists and engineers made significant scientific innovations, findings and technological advances across various scientific disciplines including the natural sciences, engineering, medicine, military technology, mathematics, geology and astronomy.
This is the timeline of the Mongol Empire from the birth of Temüjin, later Genghis Khan, to the ascension of Kublai Khan as emperor of the Yuan dynasty in 1271, though the title of Khagan continued to be used by the Yuan rulers into the Northern Yuan dynasty, a far less powerful successor entity, until 1634.
Gunpowder weapons in the Song dynasty included fire arrows, gunpowder lit flamethrowers, soft shell bombs, hard shell iron bombs, fire lances, and possibly early cannons known as "eruptors". The eruptors, such as the "multiple bullets magazine eruptors", consisting of a tube of bronze or cast iron that was filled with about 100 lead balls, and the "flying-cloud thunderclap eruptor", were early cast-iron proto-cannons that did not include single shots that occluded the barrel. The use of proto-cannon, and other gunpowder weapons, enabled the Song dynasty to ward off its generally militarily superior enemies—the Khitan led Liao, Tangut led Western Xia, and Jurchen led Jin—until its final collapse under the onslaught of the Mongol forces of Kublai Khan and his Yuan dynasty in the late 13th century.
This is a timeline of the Tang dynasty, which covers a period of roughly 289 years, from 618, when the dynasty was founded, to 907, when the last Tang emperor was deposed by the warlord Zhu Wen, who established the Later Liang dynasty, inaugurating the period of Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms. Information on areas and events relevant to the Tang dynasty such as the Wu interregnum, when Wu Zetian established her own Zhou dynasty, and other realms such as the Sui dynasty, Tibetan Empire, Three Kingdoms of Korea, Nanzhao, Japan and steppe nomads are also included where necessary.
The siege of Lüshun was a military conflict between the Later Jin and Ming dynasty. In the summer of 1634 the Jin attacked and conquered the port city of Lüshun from Ming.
This is a timeline of the history of the Khitans. The Khitans were a nomadic people in northeastern Asia related to the Xianbei. Following the collapse of the Tang dynasty, they established the Liao dynasty in 916, encompassing parts of modern-day northern China, Mongolia, and North Korea. The Liao dynasty was eventually conquered by the Jin dynasty in 1125. Remnants of the Liao court led by Yelü Dashi fled westward to Central Asia where they established the Western Liao dynasty. In 1211, the Western Liao throne was usurped by a Naiman called Kuchlug. In 1218, the Mongol Empire defeated and conquered the Western Liao dynasty.
This is a timeline of the Jurchens.
This is a timeline of the Song dynasty (960–1279). The Song dynasty was founded by Zhao Kuangyin, posthumously known as Emperor Taizu of Song, who ended the period of division known as the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. The Song dynasty is commonly separated into two historical periods, the Northern Song (960–1127) and the Southern Song (1127–1279), divided by the loss of the north to the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115–1234). In 1279, the Mongol Yuan dynasty conquered the Song.
This is a timeline of the Yuan dynasty (1271–1368). The Yuan dynasty was founded by the Mongol warlord Kublai Khan in 1271 and conquered the Song dynasty in 1279. The Yuan dynasty lasted nearly a hundred years before a series of rebellions known as the Red Turban Rebellion resulted in its collapse in 1368 and the rise of the Ming dynasty.
This is a timeline of the Tangut people and Western Xia.
This is a timeline of Mongols prior to the Mongol Empire.
This is a timeline of the Ilkhanate.
This is a timeline of the Chagatai Khanate (1226–1348) and its successor states, Moghulistan (1347–1462), Yarkent Khanate (1514–1696), and the Turpan Khanate (1462–1680).
This is a timeline of the Golden Horde.
Yunnan under Ming rule saw the continuation of the tusi system instituted during the Yuan dynasty, increasing centralization, and Han migration into Yunnan.
This is a timeline of the Qing dynasty (1636–1912).
The military history of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms covers the period of Chinese history from the collapse of the Tang dynasty in 907 to the demise of Northern Han in 979. This period of Chinese history is noteworthy for the introduction of gunpowder weapons and as a transitional phase from the aristocratic imperial system to the Confucian bureaucracy which characterized the Song, Ming, and Qing dynasties.
The Jurchen unification were a series of events in the late 16th and early 17th centuries that led to the unification of the Jurchen tribes under Nurhaci, a Jianzhou Jurchen leader who had an antagonistic relationship with the Ming dynasty due to their involvement in events early on in his life that led to the death of his father and grandfather. From 1583 to the early 1600s, Nurhaci led a series of military and influence campaigns that led to the unification of the majority of the Jurchen tribes. In 1616, Nurhaci established the Later Jin dynasty and ruled as its founding khan.
This is a timeline of the Xinjiang under the rule of the Qing dynasty.
This is a timeline of the Era of Fragmentation, the period of Tibetan history lasting from the death of the Tibetan Empire's last emperor, Langdarma, in 842 until Drogön Chögyal Phagpa gained control over the three provinces of Tibet in 1253 under Mongol rule.