Timeline of the Sudanese civil war (2024)

Last updated

The following is a timeline of the Sudanese civil war (2023–present) in 2024.

Contents

This timeline is a dynamic and fluid list, and as such may never satisfy criteria of completeness. Moreover, some events may only be fully understood and/or discovered in retrospect.

January 2024

1 January

Hemedti met with a delegation of the Civil Democratic Forces alliance (Taqaddum) led by former Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok in Addis Ababa, during which he agreed to release 451 captives held by the RSF, ensure humanitarian access and protection of civilians, and commit to a ceasefire through direct negotiations with the SAF. [1]

The leader of the Nasserist Party, Sattea al-Haj, was arrested by Sudanese military intelligence in what was seen as a crackdown by the SAF on anti-war figures. [2]

The governor of North Darfur, Abdel Rahman Nimr, was dismissed from his position by SAF chief Abdel Fattah al-Burhan. [3] Nimr subsequently claimed that his removal was due to his neutral stance on the war and his refusal to declare a mobilization campaign in support of the SAF. [4]

2 January

The RSF attacked the town of Bara, North Kordofan and plundered the University of Gezira in Wad Madani. The SAF launched airstrikes on RSF positions in Wad Madani, Sennar, and the Khartoum area. [5]

3 January

The SPLM-N (al-Hilu) retook most of Habila from the RSF. [6]

Hemedti met with Kenyan President William Ruto in Nairobi. [7]

4 January

Hemedti met with South African President Cyril Ramaphosa in Pretoria. [8]

The Sudanese government recalled its ambassador to Kenya, Kamal Jubbara in protest over Hemedti's reception by the Kenyan government. [9]

5 January

Eleven people were killed in SAF airstrikes in Wad Madani. [10]

Burhan rejected an agreement brokered by IGAD for him to meet with Hemedti as well as the ceasefire agreement signed by the latter in Addis Ababa. [11]

Hemedti met with Rwandan President Paul Kagame in Kigali. [12]

7 January

The SPLM-N (al-Hilu) seized control of Dalang following reports of an agreement between the group and the SAF to fight the RSF. [13]

8 January

The SPLM-N (al-Hilu) together with the SAF clashed with the RSF in the Nuba Mountains, while the SAF launched airstrikes on an RSF camp in Dibebad. [14]

The SAF accused the RSF of setting fire to the Sahil and Sahara Bank Tower, a prominent landmark in Khartoum. [15]

River Nile governor Mohamed al-Badawi issued an order banning the FFC as well as resistance and administrative committees in the state and replacing them with steering committees. [16]

9 January

The SAF launched an offensive to link its forces in the Karari and Mohandiseen neighborhoods of Omdurman. [17]

Forty-seven wild animals that had been moved to Gezira State from a wildlife sanctuary in Khartoum due to the fighting were evacuated to Jordan. [18]

10 January

The SAF and the SPLM-N (al-Hilu) repelled an RSF attack on Dalang, destroying five vehicles and capturing 21 others. [19]

Two people were killed by an SAF airstrike in Nyala. [20]

The UN announced that over 7.5 million people in Sudan had been displaced by the war. [21]

11 January

At least 23 people were killed by SAF airstrikes in the Soba district of Khartoum, while ten others were killed by shelling in the south of the capital. [22]

The Nyala Mosque was damaged during an SAF airstrike that also struck a museum. [23]

12 January

Hemedti held a phone call with UN Secretary-General António Guterres, which was criticized by the Sudanese government. [24]

13 January

The SAF attacked RSF positions in El Buweida, Gezira State, and in El Faw, Gedaref State. [25]

Burhan rejected an invitation by IGAD to attend a summit in Uganda to be also attended by Hemedti on 18 January. [26]

The governor of Northern State, Abdeen Awadallah, ordered the dissolution of FFC committees and other grassroots organizations in the state. [27]

14 January

The SAF launched airstrikes against an RSF garrison in White Nile State and regained control over the Al-Umda and Al-Abbasiya neighbourhoods of Omdurman. [28] Seven people were killed by airstrikes in El Geteina. [29]

The SAF launched airstrikes in the ancient Meroitic sites of Naqa and Musawwarat es-Sufra, which are both designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites, following incursions there by the RSF. [30]

16 January

The Sudanese government formally suspended ties with IGAD in retaliation for its invitation to Hemedti to attend its 18 January summit in Uganda, calling it a "violation of Sudan’s sovereignty". [31] It also banned all grassroots committees that had been set up across the country following the Sudanese Revolution in 2019, citing the ongoing political situation. [32]

17 January

Twelve people were killed in an SAF airstrike in El Zurug, North Darfur. [33] A doctor in Omdurman was killed at a checkpoint by the SAF after he was accused of being an RSF intelligence officer. [34]

Taqaddum announced that it would attend the IGAD Summit in Uganda on 18 January that was also to be attended by Hemedti. [35]

The African Union Commission announced the creation of a High-Level Panel on Sudan chaired by AU High Representative for Silencing the Guns Mohamed Ibn Chambas and composed of former Ugandan vice president Specioza Kazibwe and former AU envoy to Somalia Francisco Madeira, to help facilitate peace efforts in the country. [36]

18 January

Hemedti met with leaders of IGAD member states at the IGAD summit in Kampala. [37]

20 January

The Sudanese government suspended the country's membership in IGAD in retaliation for Hemedti's attendance at its summit in Uganda. [38]

21 January

Eleven people were killed in SAF airstrikes on the village of Abu Khaboub village, west of Muglad. [39] Four people were killed in a missile attack near a volunteer kitchen in the Shambat neighborhood of Khartoum Bahri. [40]

22 January

Five people were killed in clashes between the SAF and the RSF in Donki El Omda, west of Babanusa. [39] Eight others were killed in SAF airstrikes in villages west of Muglad. [41]

Residents reported that the RSF had laid siege to the village of Wad Kebeish, north of El Geteina. [42]

SLM-Nur leader Abdul Wahid al-Nur met with Hemedti in Kenya as part of efforts to alleviate the humanitarian situation in SLM-controlled areas. [43]

The European Council imposed sanctions on six firms for "supporting activities undermining the stability and political transition of Sudan". Among those sanctioned were two companies involved in manufacturing weapons and vehicles for the SAF. [44]

23 January

Hemedti revealed that he had held a telephone conversation with UN humanitarian aid chief Martin Griffiths and discussed the delivery of relief aid to Sudan. [45]

24 January

The RSF launched an offensive to seize Babanusa and the garrison of the SAF's 22nd Infantry Division in the city. At least 23 people were reported to have been killed while 30 others were injured. [46]

One person was killed in clashes between the SAF and the RSF in the Abu Shouk IDP camp. [47]

25 January

The SAF launched airstrikes on Ed Daein for the first time since it fell to the RSF. [48]

26 January

Sudan War Monitor reported that the RSF had taken over most of Babanusa and indicated that its fighters had penetrated the headquarters of the SAF's 22nd Infantry Division. [49]

27 January

The SAF launched a morning offensive that seized the RSF garrison in the Kadru neighborhood of Khartoum Bahri and the Al-Jawafa bridge connecting Kadru and the El-Jeili oil refinery. SAF paratroopers were also deployed for the first time since the start of the conflict in Khartoum Bahri. [50]

28 January

The RSF claimed to have shot down an Iranian-made Qods Mohajer-6 drone over Omdurman. The SAF claimed to have destroyed an RSF base in the El Kadaro neighborhood of Khartoum Bahri. [51]

29 January

SAF deputy commander Yasser al-Atta claimed that the SAF had formed an alliance with the SPLM-N (al-Hilu), which the latter denied. [52]

Clashes broke out between the SLM-T and the SLM-MM east of Gedaref, forcing the state government to expel the units involved. [53]

30 January

Burhan ordered the SAF to launch a full-scale offensive against the RSF. [54]

31 January

The US imposed sanctions on two firms linked to the RSF and its gold export business and a third for helping to finance an SAF-run weapons company that had already been sanctioned by Washington. [55] [56]

A temporary ceasefire was declared in Babanusa to allow the evacuation of civilians following mediation by the Misseriya paramount chief, Mukhtar Babu Nimr, and other tribal leaders. [57]

February 2024

3 February

A massive internet outage affected 65% of Sudan's population, with responsibility being attributed to either the SAF, the RSF, and Bashir loyalists. [58]

5 February

The hacking group Anonymous Sudan claimed to have disabled all internet services in Djibouti as part of a cyberattack to protest the country's relations with the RSF. [59]

6 February

A coup attempt was allegedly staged by SAF officers in Wadi Seidna, which the SAF leadership denied. [60]

9 February

The SPLM-N (al-Hilu) seized control of Habila from the RSF. [61] At least 24 people were killed in RSF raids on villages near the town. [62]

16 February

The SAF said it had broken the RSF's siege on its Corps of Engineers headquarters in Omdurman after units from the north of the city linked up with forces from the garrison at the Al-Thawra neighborhood. [63]

The SAF ordered an investigation after video emerged on social media of its soldiers showing off the heads of two suspected RSF members. [64]

17 February

JEM troops arrived in the Wadi Seidna military base in Omdurman for the first time, along with other movements, and met with army leaders such as Yasser El-Atta. [65]

Burhan met with the 3rd Infantry Division in Shendi, and vowed to continue the ongoing conflict between the RSF until they are "completely defeated." [66]

The RSF carried out arrests among civilians in Kreinik, West Darfur, mostly targeting young people and activists on charges of transmitting reports of RSF violations in the region. [67]

20 February

At least ten people, including all six members of one family, were killed in an SAF airstrike in Ed Daein. [68]

21 February

Four people were killed in a drone attack on a market in Khartoum Bahri. [69]

22 February

Fourteen people were killed in an attack on a merchant convoy near Tortahan, East Darfur. [70]

Seven people were killed by shelling in the Al-Nahda neighborhood of Khartoum. [71]

24 February

Dozens were killed and 15 women were abducted in an RSF attack on Habila that also displaced 40,000 residents. [72]

25 February

The SAF said it had encircled RSF positions at Sudan TV headquarters in Omdurman. [73]

26 February

The SAF regained control of the Abrof neighborhood of Omdurman from the RSF. [74]

28 February

The RSF was accused of killing 16 people in an attack on the village of Sherif Mukhtar, Gezira State. [75]

29 February

UNITAMS completed its withdrawal from Sudan. [76]

March 2024

4 March

At least two civilians were killed and four others injured in SAF airstrikes in Muglad. [77]

5 March

The RSF claimed to have taken control of El Medina Arab, Gezira State, and were advancing towards El Managil. [78]

7 March

Five people were killed in an RSF raid on the village of El Doudiya, West Kordofan. Four paramilitaries were subsequently killed after being pursued by armed residents into Um Samima, North Kordofan. [79]

12 March

The SAF claimed to have retaken control of the headquarters of the Sudan National Broadcasting Corporation in Omdurman from the RSF. [80]

14 March

The SAF claimed to have retaken the Wad al-Bashir Bridge connecting the old center of Omdurman and the Ombadda neighborhood. [81] It also announced the capture of 14 South Sudanese accused of fighting for the RSF in Omdurman. [82]

Fourteen people, including 11 children and two teachers, were killed in an SAF airstrike on a school in El Hadra, South Kordofan. [83]

15 March

Eight people were killed in an RSF raid on the village of Umm Jaris, Gezira State. [84]

16 March

The SAF claimed to have repelled an assault by the RSF on the Signal Corps headquarters in Khartoum Bahri. [85]

20 March

The shrine of the Sufi leader Sheikh Hassan Al-Fatih Qaribullah in the Wad Nubawi neighborhood of Omdurman was damaged in an attack, with the SAF and the RSF trading blame. [86]

22 March

Three people were killed in an SAF airstrike in Shuaa, West Kordofan. [87]

Five people were killed in RSF raids on El Hasaheisa and Rufaa, Gezira State. [88]

24 March

The SLM-MM formally announced that it would fight the RSF. [89]

25 March

Nine people were killed by SAF airstrikes in El Fasher. [90]

26 March

The SAF claimed to have retaken control of the Doha neighbourhood of Omdurman from the RSF. [91]

27 March

The SAF launched airstrikes on an RSF convoy near Mellit, North Darfur. [92]

The RSF claimed to have regained control of the Wad al-Bashir Bridge in Omdurman. [93]

28 March

Eight people were killed in an RSF raid on the village of Al-Takla Jabara, Gezira State. [94]

29 March

The RSF attacked an SLM-Nur convoy near El Fasher, inflicting several casualties, destroying four vehicles and capturing five SLM personnel, including the convoy's commander, whom they later released. [95] [96]

April 2024

1 April

The first batch of humanitarian assistance from the World Food Programme arrived in South Darfur. [97]

Musa Hilal, a former Janjaweed leader responsible for the 2003 Darfur genocide, [98] and currently the head of the Sudanese Awakening Revolutionary Council (SARC) and a critic of the RSF, survived an assassination attempt in Umm Sant, North Darfur. His son hinted the attackers to be affiliated with the RSF. [99]

2 April

Twelve people were killed and 30 others were injured after a drone attack in Atbara that struck an iftar gathering organised by the Al-Baraa Islamic militia that is allied with the SAF. [100]

3 April

The SAF launched airstrikes on the RSF-controlled 16th Infantry Division Command and several neighborhoods in Nyala. [101]

Sudanese prosecutors filed capital offence charges of incitement to war against the state, undermining the constitutional order, and crimes against humanity against Abdallah Hamdok and 15 other Taqaddum members. [102]

4 April

The SAF claimed to have retaken the villages of Wad Faqisha and Hafira in Gezira State from the RSF without resistance. [103]

The RSF attacked six villages inhabited by the Zaghawa people in North Darfur, killing at least 15 people. [104]

5 April

The SAF launched a major offensive to push out the RSF from Gezira State. [103]

7 April

The SAF claimed to have retaken the town of Al-Qalaa Al-Bayda, 30 kilometers east of Wad Madani, from the RSF. [105] It also claimed to have entered Medina Arab, 15 kilometers west of Wad Madani. [106]

8 April

Over 100 people were killed in attacks by the RSF on SPLM-N (al-Hilu) controlled villages in South Kordofan. [107]

9 April

The headquarters of the SAF's Security and Intelligence Services in Al Faw, Gedaref State, was struck by two drones, injuring three people. A third drone was shot down. [108]

11 April

Thirteen people were killed by suspected RSF shelling in the Hab Al-Naseem neighbourhood of Al-Jarif, Khartoum. [109]

Nine civilians were reportedly killed by SAF intelligence services after being accused of collaborating with rebels in Kuek, South Kordofan. [110]

13 April

Fighting broke out in El Fasher between the SLM-TC and another breakaway faction of the SLM led by Salah Rasas that supported the SAF, leaving several dead. [111]

The RSF attacked 16 villages west of El Fasher, [112] killing at least 10 people and injuring 28 others. [113]

14 April

The RSF seized control of Mellit in North Darfur, near the Libyan border, cementing its hold over areas north of El Fasher. [114]

Nine people were killed while 39 others were injured in SAF airstrikes and RSF shelling in El Fasher. [115]

16 April

Seven people were killed and 45 others were injured in clashes between the SAF and the RSF near El Fasher. [116]

Taqaddum leader and former prime minister Abdalla Hamdok met with French President Emmanuel Macron in Paris. [117]

18 April

Burhan ordered the dismissal of foreign minister Ali Al-Sadiq Ali as well as governors Mohamed Mousa and Mohamed Abdelrahman of Kassala and Gedaref States. [118]

Shelling in El Obeid killed one person. Two people were killed by SAF raids on RSF targets in Wad Madani. The RSF raided an SAF garrison in Er Rahad, North Kordofan. [119]

22 April

SARC leader Musa Hilal announced his support for the SAF. [120]

23 April

The SAF claimed to have thwarted an attack on the command centre of its 3rd Infantry Division in Shendi, which occurred shortly following a visit by Burhan, shooting down two drones and "neutralizing" a third, while a fourth one changed its direction. [121]

25 April

The SAF claimed to have repelled three RSF drones doing reconnaissance near Oum Bakul, 70 kilometers south of Merowe. [122]

Seven herders and at least 257 camels were killed in an SAF airstrike near Mellit. [123]

27 April

The SAF claimed to have shot down three drones targeting Merowe Airport. [124]

30 April

Chadian forces attacked the RSF-held border town of Um Dukhun in Central Darfur. [125]

May 2024

1 May

The Darfur Joint Protection Force accused the SAF of killing two of its personnel in El Fasher. [126]

2 May

Two drivers were killed in an attack on a Red Cross convoy in South Darfur. [127]

7 May

The SAF claimed to have retaken the Jabal al-Ain military base and the nearby village of Abu al-Ghar, 20 kilometers east of El-Obeid, from the RSF, as well as the headquarters of the Police Central Reserve Forces in the city. [128] Both the SAF and the RSF also claimed control of Mount Kordofan, 20 kilometers east of El-Obeid. [129]

10 May

Thirteen people were killed in an RSF attack on the village of El Harga Noureldin in Gezira State. [130]

12 May

At least 27 people were killed following two days of clashes between the SAF and the RSF in El Fasher. [131] Fifteen people were killed in an RSF attack on the Abu Haraz market in El Obeid. [130]

The SAF shelled the Republican Palace complex in Khartoum, setting fire to parts of the old building. [132] It also claimed to have shot down two drones targeting Wad Zayed Airport in Gedaref State. [133]

15 May

The US imposed sanctions on the RSF's head of operations Osman Mohamed Hamid Mohamed and its commander in Central Darfur Ali Yagoub Gibril for their role in the fighting in North Darfur. [134]

17 May

A police officer was injured in a drone strike on the port of Kosti. [135]

18 May

Eleven people were killed by RSF shelling in Omdurman. [136]

19 May

The RSF claimed to have taken Um Rawaba, North Kordofan, for a second time. [137]

Nine people were injured after the RSF shelled the Women’s, Maternity, and Neonatal Hospital in El Fasher. [138]

21 May

At least 18 people were killed following two days of attacks by the RSF in Takina, Gezira State. [139]

The SAF launched airstrikes on the El Jeili oil refinery. [140]

22 May

At least 16 people, including 12 children, were killed in SAF airstrikes in Kabkabiya, North Darfur. [141]

24 May

At least 22 people were killed in clashes between the RSF and the SAF in El Fasher. [142]

26 May

The RSF took control of the Golo water reservoir west of El Fasher. [143]

27 May

The SAF and allied militias retook control of the Golo water reservoir from the RSF. [143]

28 May

SAF warplanes bombed the hospital of Kutum, North Darfur, leaving an unknown number of dead and injured. [144]

29 May

Burhan had a phone call with United States Secretary of State Antony Blinken, who requested the resumption of negotiations with the RSF in Jeddah. However, the Sudanese government declined, citing the lack of prior consultation and the need for established peace foundations. [145] [146]

31 May

The SAF overran RSF positions on the eastern side of the Halfiya Bridge connecting Omdurman and Khartoum Bahri and claimed to have made advances in the latter city before withdrawing, adding that it had sustained seven soldiers killed and 28 injured. The RSF claimed to have shot down an SAF helicopter over Khartoum Bahri. [147]

June 2024

1 June

Eleven people were killed in clashes between the SAF and the RSF in El Fasher, during which the latter claimed to have taken control over the Al-Wahda neighbourhood. [148]

2 June

Twelve people were killed by RSF shelling in El Fasher. [149]

4 June

At least 85 civilians were killed and over 110 injured in clashes between the SAF and RSF in El Fasher. RSF fighters briefly entered the Al-Wohda and Al-Salam neighbourhoods west of El Fasher before being repelled by SAF forces. [150]

The RSF was accused of executing nine civilians who were taken from a vehicle carrying refugees from El Fasher to Mellit. [151]

5 June

The RSF indiscriminately killed between 150 to 200 civilians after besieging the village of Wad Al-Noora in Gezira State with over 35 vehicles and attacking it twice with heavy artillery and gunfire. [152] RSF fighters also entered and looted the Al-Ashra district. [153]

6 June

At least 40 people were killed and 50 were injured by RSF shelling on Omdurman, according to the Karari Resistance Committee. [154]

7 June

The SAF claimed to have shot down four drones over White Nile State and two others over Wadi Seidna air base. [155]

8 June

The RSF attacked the El Fasher South Hospital, the only operational facility in the city handling mass casualties, killing and injuring several patients and staff before withdrawing following clashes with the SAF and allied militias. [156] [157]

9 June

The SAF claimed to have broken the RSF siege on the 22nd Infantry Division garrison in Babanusa, in addition to retaking the Al-Salam, Al-Posta, and Al-Sikka neighbourhooods as well as the city's markets. [158]

11 June

Eight volunteers were killed by RSF shelling of a charity kitchen in the Tambasi neighbourhood of El Fasher. [159]

13 June

The United Nations Security Council voted 14-0 in favor of a UK-drafted resolution calling for an end to the RSF's siege of El Fasher, with Russia abstaining. [160]

14 June

The SAF claimed to have repelled an RSF assault on El Fasher, inflicting hundreds of casualties and killing RSF commander Ali Yaqoub Gibril. [161]

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Central Reserve Forces</span> Militarised police unit in Sudan

The Central Reserve Forces (CRP), also known as Abu Tira due to the eagle on its logo, is a militarised police unit in Sudan known for committing atrocities during the War in Darfur and the Sudanese revolution. The CRP is sanctioned by the US for "serious human rights abuses".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Popular Resistance of Sudan</span> Armed factions in Sudan (2023–present)

The Popular Resistance, also known as the Popular mobilisation, is a conglomerate of armed factions in Sudan that was formed in response to the ongoing conflict between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF). This conflict, rooted in a power struggle within the country's military structure, erupted into full-scale war on 15 April 2023.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wad An Nora massacre</span> 2024 massacre of villagers by the Rapid Support Forces

The Wad Al-Noora massacre started at around 05:00 (GMT+2) on 5 June 2024, when the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) attacked the village of Wad Al-Noora in Al-Jazira state twice, killing at least 100 civilians. The massacre followed after the RSF sieged and opened fire on the village.

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