Timergara

Last updated
Timergara
  • تيمرګره
  • تیمرگرہ
City
Viw of Timergara in Summer. JPG.jpg
Pakistan location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Timergara
Location of Timergara in Pakistan
Coordinates: 34°49′40″N71°50′30″E / 34.82778°N 71.84167°E / 34.82778; 71.84167
CountryFlag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Central Dir
Tehsil Timergara
Elevation
823 m (2,700 ft)

Timergara (Pashto : تيمرګره, Urdu : تیمرگرہ) is a city and the district headquarters of the Lower Dir District and newly established Central Dir District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. Timergara city is located on the east bank of the Panjkora River. It lies at an altitude of 823 metres (2,700 ft). The town is the site of excavated graves of Indo-Aryans, dating from 1500 to 600 BC. On the west side of the Panjkora River is the excavated site of Balambat. The site has been occupied continuously since the time of the Indo-Aryans in 1500 BC. Discoveries included houses dating from 500 BC and fire altars, showing that the people followed early form Aryan religion which revolved around fire worshipping. The areas early political history is defined by the control of the Bactrians, Scythians and Hepthalites, and artifacts and ruins from these periods are found throughout the region. [1] At the 1998 Census, the town had a population of 43,774. Most of the main city lies on the bank of the river Panjkora, which separates Balambat from the main city.

Contents

Timergara fields in winter Timergara.jpg
Timergara fields in winter

Public Universities in Timergara Dir Lower

Education demographics in Lower Dir

The total gross enrollment ratio is 73.83% [2] excluding Kachi and 79.59% including Kachi class. Student–teacher ratio is 43 students per teacher. There are 41 boys per male teacher and 46 girls per female teacher.

According to the recent Universal Primary Education (UPE) survey, the total number of children in the age group 5–7 years is 104,498 [3] in which 56,937 [3] are boys and 47,561 are girls. Due to the limited access, the number of out-of-school children among the age group 5–7 years is 25,169. [3] Almost 24% children of the total (age group 5–7 years) are out of school, in which 19% are boys and 30% are girls. These figures also include the dropout students of both genders.

Economy

The area has a weak agriculture infrastructure with no industry. The economy is completely based on the remittances sent back to the area by people (mainly males) living in the Middle East.[ citation needed ]

People

The people of Timergara are mainly Pashtun. The main tribes are Yousafzai, Ibrahimkhel, Utmankhel and Umarkhel. Tor Baba (Abdur Rahim Khan), Timergara Babaje and Jaloo Baba were the prominent religious figures of this area. [4] Abdur Rahim Khan migrated from Mandal (Bajawar Agency) in the late seventeenth century and settled in Timergara. He was known as Tor Baba for his piousness. Abdur Rahim Khan and Akhund Ilyas (d. 1676) were disciples of Shaikh Adam Binori. The Mandal (clan of Utmankheil) in Timergara or mostly called Shaikhan are the descendants of Baba Abdur Rahim Khan. [5]

Climate

The summer season is hot and arid while the winter is cold and wet. A steep rise in temperature occurs from May to June, and then is very hot from July to the end of August. However, the weather becomes cooler, especially at night, during September. A rapid fall in temperature occurs from October onwards. The coldest months are December and January. The mean minimum temperature recorded for the month of January is 8 °C.

Rainfall mostly occurs in the months of July, August, December, January and February. Towards the end of cold weather, there are occasional thunderstorms and hailstorms. Timergara is equally affected by global warming and climatic changes. In 2010, along with snowfall, heavy floods occurred which resulted in heavy damage to the infrastructure of the city. In March 2014, the Panjkora river's level began rising again, which was a threat to the Balambat bridge.[ citation needed ]

Food

Popular foods are fish and beef cooked as Chapli Kabab, Seekh Kabab, and tikka. A Tandoor (oven) for baking bread is present in many houses. Many inhabitants eat Lobya (Beans), Saag and Juwar Doday (bread of Maize). Lassi and Saag with Sookrak (sweet bread of Maize) are also offered to guests.

Dress and ornaments

The people generally wear typical Pashtun dress. During the winter season, men wear a Chadar (a long piece of cloth, mostly used to make the body warm) around the body along with Kameez (shirt) and Shalwar. Women typically wear Shalwar Kameez and Burqa. A Chitrali woolen cap is used in winter, while a typical white Diroji cap is worn in the summer. Peshawari Chappal (leather sandals) are the most common footwear among men.

Festivals and fairs

Festivals and fairs are a part of the Pashtun culture. The most important festivals are the two Eids (Eid al-Adha and Eid al-Fitr). Apart from that, most youngsters hike in the hills of Kumrat, Lowari Pass, Laram, Shahi and Oshery in pleasant weather.

Population size and growth

When Timergara was declared as the district headquarters of Dir, migration of the people to the city increased. The population of Timergara has increased about threefold since 1990.[ citation needed ]

Transport

Timergara connects Bajawar, Dir Upper and Chitral to the rest of Khyber Pukhtunkhwa. Timergara has two busy bypass roads that connect different areas. The nearest airport is Peshawar International Airport, about ninety-eight miles away. The buses, taxis and private vehicles are the main means of transport.

Sports

There is not public sports ground but the people of khungi payeen village make for herself a very beautiful ground in bank of river. Football player play their football and cricketers play and also players volleyball. There is no proper facility available for players to play professional sports. The area has produced some prominent players in different sports i.e. Naseem Shah,Imran Khan and Israrullah (cricket), Murtaza Ahmad (hockey) and Irfan Ahmad (badminton). These players have represented Pakistan in different types of international cricket and provincial and regional teams in different games. The youngsters have a great passion for sports like cricket, football, basketball, volleyball, and hockey. Rest House Ground and FC Ground (Balambat) are the two main sporting events sites. The residents have made small grounds for sports facilities on the banks of rivers and as well as at the bottom of mountains.

Health facilities

The main healthcare facility is District Headquarters Hospital Timergara. There are many more private hospitals and a number of hospitals available for ladies' treatment. MSF (Médecins Sans Frontières), an international NGO, is supporting parts of the District Headquarters Hospital e.g. Maternity, Accident, Emergency and Newborn Unit.

The pioneer practitioner of this area was the late Dr. Burhan Uddin (1942–2009). He provided primary health care to the people of this area when no hospital existed.[ citation needed ]

See also

Related Research Articles

The Yusufzai or Yousafzai, also referred to as the Esapzai, or Yusufzai Afghans historically, are one of the largest tribes of ethnic Pashtuns. They are natively based in the northern part of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, to which they migrated to from Kabul during the 16th century, but they are also present in smaller numbers in parts of Afghanistan, including Kunar, Kabul, Kandahar and Farah. Outside of these countries, they can be found in Ghoriwala District Bannu, Balochistan Sibi (Akazai), Chagai (Hassanzai) and Rohilkandh.

The Mohmand or Momand is a prominent tribe of Pashtun people. They are based primarily in the Mohmand territory, which is located in Nangarhar, Afghanistan and Mohmand Agency, Pakistan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charsadda</span> Town in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Chārsadda is a town and headquarters of Charsadda District, in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It is the eighty fifth-largest city of Pakistan, according to 2017 census. Located in the Valley of Peshawar, Charsadda lies about 29 kilometres (18 mi) from the provincial capital of Peshawar at an altitude of 276 metres (906 ft). The total area of Charsadda District measures about 996 square Km. The district is geographically organized into two primary parts: Hashtnagar and Do Aaba.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dir District</span> Place in Pakistan

Dir is a region in northwestern Pakistan in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, in the foothills of the Himalayas. Before the independence of Pakistan, Dir was a princely state, and it remained so until 1969 when it was abolished by a presidential declaration, and the Dir District was created the following year. The area covers 5,280 square kilometres. In 1996 Dir district was officially divided into Lower Dir District and Upper Dir District.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Panjkora River</span> River in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

The Panjkora River is a river in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in north-west Pakistan. The river runs through the mountainous northern part of the province, and forms the Kumrat Valley. It passes from Dir, Timergara, and joins with Swat River at Chakdara. It is generally characterized by having steep slopes on either side of the riverbank covered in thick forests. The river has a large catchment area, making the river susceptible to significant flooding – most notably during the 2010 floods that occurred throughout much of Pakistan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Upper Dir District</span> District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan

Upper Dir District is a district located in the Malakand Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The city of Dir is its district headquarter. Geographically, it is located in the northern part of Pakistan. It borders with the Chitral district on the north, Afghanistan on the northwest, the Swat district on the east, and the Lower Dir district on the south.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dir (princely state)</span> Princely state of British India and later Pakistan

Dir was a princely state in a subsidiary alliance with the British Raj, located within the North-West Frontier Province. Following the Partition of British India, Dir remained independent and unaligned until February 1948, when the Dominion of Pakistan accepted its accession.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bajaur District</span> District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Bajaur District is a district in the Malakand Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Until 2018, it was an agency of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas. in 2018, it was merged with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, after the announcement of annexing FATA with KPK. According to the 2017 census report, the population of the district was 1,093,684. It shares a 52 km border with Afghanistan's Kunar Province. The town of Khar is its district headquarter.

Tangi is a Tehsil and union council of Charsadda District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Pakistani clothing refers to the ethnic clothing that is typically worn by people in the country of Pakistan and by Pakistanis. Pakistani clothes express the culture of Pakistan, the demographics of Pakistan, and cultures from Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit-Baltistan, and Kashmir regions of the country. The clothing in each region and culture of Pakistan reflect weather conditions, way of living, the textiles and embroidery used and its distinctive style which gives it a unique identity among all cultures.

Turlandi is a village near Shewa Adda and a Union Council in Swabi District of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Landi Yarghajo is a village in Peshawar, Pakistan. The village is a 15-minute drive away from Peshawar International Airport and Peshawar Saddar. The village is largely populated by the Qazi, Arbab, Murad Khel, Malaks, Syed, Ahmad Zai, Fateh Khan Khel, Qasab and Ghorghust clans. It is the only village in the area that provides direct routes to Ring Road Peshawar, Peshawar City, Gulberg Peshawar, Peshawar Saddar, Peshawar Cantt, Peshawar International Airport, Kohat Road, Bara Gate, and University Road. The economy is primarily sourced from agriculture and small industries.

Baroon is a village in Lower Dir district of Pakistan, situated at a distance of about 11 km from Timergara, on the way from Timergara to Upper Dir, opposite to the main road, separated from the main road by Panjkora river. The village contains many beautiful fields in which different crops are sown like rice, wheat, maize, different vegetables, however the massive flooding in 2010 and 2022 badly affected the fields. Although most of the fruits gardens were swept away by the severe flood, still some fruits like Persimmon and Orange can be seen at some spots in the village.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shalwar kameez</span> Trousers and tunic worn in South Asia

Shalwar kameez is a traditional combination dress worn by women, and in some regions by men, in South Asia, and Central Asia.

Mian Khan is a village in Katlang Tehsil, Mardan District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. This village has historical significance and is considered the oldest village in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa dating back to 190 BC, after the archaeological dig of 2014.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dara Utmankhel</span>

Dara Utmankhel, also known as Shaikhan, is a valley in Lower Dir District, Pakistan. It consists of nine villages: Maniband ما نی بند, Jabaghi جبګۍ, Zara Doghy زړه ډوګۍ, Kot Koshah کوټ کو شاه, Mandal Korona کورونه ماندل, Kot کوټ, Ghwandy غونډئ, Fazal Abad and Shah Kuronu شاه کو رونه. It lies in Timergara tehsil, east of the road from Timergara to Dir. The inhabitants of this area belong to the Mandal, a clan of Utmankhel. The Utmankhel is one of karlanri Pashtun or Afghan tribes, who appeared in concert with other tribes like Yousafzai and Tarkalani.They first settled in the area of Malakand, Bajaur and Mohmand Agency. These people were mainly associated with trade as the land was not suitable for agriculture.

Jungle Piralizai is a village located in Qilla Abdullah District in Balochistan province of Pakistan. It is located 60 km to the north-west of provincial capital Quetta and 14.7 km from Qilla Abdullah, and is about 2.26 km from the main Quetta-Chaman Highway.

Munda is an administrative subdivision (Tehsil) of Lower Dir District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Munda is an administrative Tehsil under the jurisdiction of Samar Bagh, sub-division of Lower Dir District. It is listed among:

  1. Adenzai Tehsil
  2. Balambat Tehsil
  3. Khall Tehsil
  4. Lal Qilla Tehsil
  5. Munda Tehsil
  6. Samar Bagh Tehsil
  7. Timergara Tehsil

Rabat is a union council of Lower Dir District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.Located 15 km away from District Headquarter Timergara. The people of rabat is Yousafzai. Some prominent peronalities of Rabat are Ex-Chief Conservator Department of Forestry Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Saad Ullah khan, Muhammad Azam khan Ex MPA of the provincial constituency PK-13. An internationally recognized researcher and of the finest surgeon across the nation Cardiac Surgeon Dr Fareed Ullah khan also belongs to Rabat. Historically the Rulling class remained with Khanates of Rabat who ruled the area for centuries from Namseer stream to Dan Doki stream and Laram top a famous tourist spot to River Panjkora .Rabat currently holds importance in regard of Elite Political figures, Prominent families and Tourist spots.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kumrat Valley</span> Valley in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Kumrat is a valley in the Upper Dir District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Kumrat Valley is located about 45 minutes away from the town of Thal on the banks of the Panjkora River, and is among the most popular tourist spots in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

References

  1. "1998 Provincial Census Report of N.W.F.P." 2000.
  2. Education department survey for UPE in year 2005
  3. 1 2 3 Education Department Survey for UPE in 2005
  4. Shahid, Suliman (2008). Ghumnam Riasat. Dir. p. 400.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  5. Uddin, Dr. Fasih (5 November 2011). "Daily Ajj Peshwar". Peshwar. p. 0.