|Part of E70|
|Maintained by Compania Națională de Administrare a Infrastructurii Rutiere|
|Length||73 km (45 mi)|
|From||A 1 near Timișoara|
|To||Moravița (border with Serbia)|
The Timișoara–Moravița Motorway (Romanian : Autostrada Timișoara–Moravița) is a proposed motorway in the south-western part of Romania, labelled as A9. It will connect the city of Timișoara to the border with Serbia. Feasibility studies for the whole motorway are currently ongoing. It is planned to be 73 km long.
The motorway begins east of Timișoara at the junction with the A1 motorway near Remetea Mare. It will bypass the largest city of the historical region of Banat in east. South of Timișoara, near Giroc, there will be a connecting road to the Timișoara ring bypass. From here, the motorway will head south towards Jebel, Opatiţa and Stamora Germană, east of the DN59, before reaching the border with Serbia near Moravița.
In Serbia, the motorway is planned to head towards the capital of Belgrade via Vršac, where it'd connect to the rest of the Serbian motorway network, thus providing a high-speed connection from Romania to Montenegro and other former Yugoslav countries,but could also work as an alternative route between Romania and Western Europe via Serbia and Croatia, rather than Hungary.
Timișoara is the capital city of Timiș County and the main economic, social and cultural centre in western Romania. Located on the Bega River, Timișoara is considered the informal capital city of the historical Banat. From 1848 to 1860 it was the capital of the Serbian Vojvodina and the Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar. With 319,279 inhabitants at the 2011 census, Timișoara was then the country's third most populous city, after Bucharest and Cluj-Napoca. It is home to almost half a million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, while the Timișoara–Arad conurbation concentrates more than 70% of the population of Timiș and Arad counties. Timișoara is a multicultural city, home to 21 ethnicities and 18 religions. Interculturality has long been a special characteristic for the western part of the country.
Timiș is a county (județ) of western Romania on the border with Hungary and Serbia, in the historical region of Banat, with the county seat at Timișoara. It is the westernmost and the largest county in Romania in terms of land area. The county is also part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion.
The A1 motorway is a partially built motorway in Romania, planned to connect Bucharest with the Banat and Crișana regions in the western part of the country and the rest of Europe. When completed it will be 580.2 kilometers long and it will span the country on the approximative south-east to north west direction. The motorway starts in the western part of Bucharest and connects the following major cities: Pitești, Sibiu, Deva, Timișoara, Arad, reaching Hungary's M43 motorway near Nădlac. As the motorway is built along the Trans-European Transport Networks Rhine-Danube Corridor the construction receives 85% funding from the European Union. The road is part of the proposed Via Carpatia route.
Timișoara Traian Vuia International Airport is an international airport serving Timișoara, Romania. Located in the historical region of Banat, the airport is named in honor of Traian Vuia, a Romanian flight pioneer and a Timiș County native. It is the fourth-busiest Romanian airport in terms of air traffic and the main air transportation hub for the western part of Romania and for the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion. The airport serves as an operating base for Wizz Air and is considered a backup airport for Bucharest (OTP), Budapest (BUD) and Belgrade (BEG).
The A8 motorway, also known as The Union Motorway or the East-West Motorway is a planned motorway in Romania, that will cross the Eastern Carpathians to connect the historical regions of Moldavia and Transylvania.
The A7 motorway, also known as the Ploiești–Siret Motorway or the Moldavia Motorway, is a partially built motorway in Romania, that upon completion will link Ploiești to the north-eastern part of the country, partly along the Pan-European Corridor IX. It will run along the route: Buzău, Focșani, Bacău, Roman, Pașcani, and Suceava, connecting to Ukraine's M19 highway near Siret.
Timișoara North railway station is the main railway station in Timișoara and also the largest railway station in western Romania. With an average daily ridership of about 5,530 passengers, Timișoara North is one of the busiest railway stations in Romania.
The A3 motorway is a partially built motorway in Romania, planned to connect Bucharest with the Transylvania region and the north-western part of the country. It will be 596 km long and will run along the route: Ploiești, Brașov, Făgăraș, Sighișoara, Târgu Mureș, Cluj-Napoca, Zalău and Oradea, connecting with Hungary's M4 motorway near Borș.
The A4 motorway is a motorway in Romania that serves as a bypass for the city of Constanța, between Ovidiu and the Port of Constanța, connecting with the A2 motorway via an interchange southwest of the city. It is 22 km long and is planned to be extended to approximately 60 kilometers, stretching further south to the Bulgarian border south of Mangalia, along the western Black Sea coast. The motorway is part of an extension of the Pan-European Corridor IV, that will be connecting with the Bulgarian city of Varna.
The DEx12 expressway, also known as the Pitești–Craiova Expressway, is a partially built expressway in the south-western part of Romania, previously labelled as A12, when it was considered as a future motorway. It will connect the cities of Pitești, Slatina and Craiova, being 121 km long, with an estimated total cost of 1.66 billion euro.
Controlled-access highways in Romania are dual carriageways, grade separated with controlled-access, designed for high speeds. There two types of highways, motorways and expressways, with the main difference being that motorways have emergency lanes and slightly wider lanes. The maximum allowed speed limit is 130 km/h (81 mph) and only 80 km/h (50 mph) during poor conditions, while for expressways the limit is 120 km/h (75 mph). There are no toll roads, but a road vignette is required.
The A10 motorway, also known as the Sebeș–Turda Motorway, is a motorway in the central-western part of Romania, connecting the A1 and A3 motorways, between the cities of Sebeș and Turda, also providing access to Alba Iulia and Aiud. It is 70 km long, with a total cost of 420 million euro, which is financed in proportion of 85% from the European Union funds, the rest of 15% being insured from the state budget. The motorway's construction was divided into four lots: works for lots 3 and 4 began on 20 May 2014, whereas for the other two lots began in 2015.
The A6 motorway is a partially built motorway in Romania, planned to connect Bucharest with the Banat region, through the southern part of the country. It will follow the route: Craiova, Calafat, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Lugoj, connecting with the A1 motorway near Balinț. The section between Balinț and Calafat, where it will provide access to the New Europe Bridge, is part of the southern branch of the Pan-European Corridor IV.
The Sibiu–Brașov–Bacău Motorway is a planned motorway in the central part of Romania, designed to connect Sibiu and Bacău counties, via Brașov. The project is currently regarded as composed of three sections Boița – Făgăraș, Făgăraș – Brașov, and Brașov – Răcăciuni, planned to be 282 kilometres (175 mi) long.
Avram Imbroane was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian politician, businessman, and Orthodox priest. Born in the western half of Banat, he was active in nationalist agitation among that region's Romanian community, and later also in Transylvania. By the time of World War I, he supported secession and the unconditional union of Transylvania and the Banat with the Kingdom of Romania. He fled Austria-Hungary and engaged in propaganda work—first in Romania, then among the Transylvanian prisoners-of-war in the Russian Republic. In late 1918, he returned to the Banat and became an active participant in the unionist struggle, participating in the assemblies of the Great Union.
UMB Grup is a privately held company of Romania, mainly active in the construction business and in the transport and sale of petrol. The company is owned by the Romanian entrepreneur Dorinel Umbrărescu, who also owns Banca Română de Credite și Investiții, and who is commonly known as Romania's "asphalt king".
Aurel Cosma was a Romanian lawyer and politician. A leader of the National Party in Timișoara before World War I, Cosma was a representative of the Banat in the Great National Assembly of Alba Iulia that voted for the Union of Transylvania with Romania on 1 December 1918.
The Meseș Tunnel is a future automotive tunnel located near Zalău, in Sălaj County, Crișana, Romania, which is planned be part of the route of the A3 Transylvania Motorway, specifically the Poarta Sălajului - Zalău segment (12,9 km). It is named after the Meseș Mountains, the mountain range belonging to the Apuseni Mountains, which forms part of the Carpathians. When completed, it will be the longest road tunnel in Romania, being 2.89 kilometres (1.80 mi) long,
The Bucharest–Giurgiu Motorway, labelled A5, is a proposed motorway in the southern part of Romania, located in the historical region of Muntenia and running along the Pan-European Corridor IX. Estimated to be 51 km (32 mi) long, it will upon completion connect the capital city of Bucharest to Giurgiu, where the motorway will likely connect to Bulgaria's Veliko Tarnovo–Ruse motorway (A7), which further connects to the Hemus motorway (A2), thus serving as a motorway connection between Bucharest and Sofia, the capital city of Bulgaria.