Timișoara metropolitan area

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Timișoara metropolitan area
Zona metropolitană Timișoara
Timisoara - Aerial view.jpg
Timisoara Metropolitan Area jud Timis.png
Country Romania
Development region West
County Timiș
Component LAUs Cities: Timișoara
Communes: Becicherecu Mic, Bucovăț, Dudeștii Noi, Dumbrăvița, Ghiroda, Giarmata, Giroc, Moșnița Nouă, Orțișoara, Pișchia, Remetea Mare, Săcălaz, Sânmihaiu Român, Șag
Established2008
Area
  Metro
1,079.54 km2 (416.81 sq mi)
Population
 (2021 census) [1]
   Metropolitan area 367,430
  Density341/km2 (880/sq mi)
Website adi-pct.ro

The Timișoara metropolitan area is a metropolitan area in Timiș County, which includes Timișoara and 14 surrounding communes. It was legally established in 2008 as an inter-community development association and is a member of the Federation of Metropolitan Areas and Urban Agglomerations in Romania (FZMAUR). [2]

Contents

History

The first attempts to create a metropolitan area appeared in 1999–2000, when Timișoara and six peri-urban communes in the first ring surrounding the city (Dumbrăvița, Ghiroda, Giroc, Moșnița Nouă, Săcălaz and Sânmihaiu Român) entered into a local partnership. [3] The result of this partnership was the elaboration of a medium- and long-term "strategic concept of economic and social development". [4] In 2004, by a decision of the Timiș County Council, the first Metropolitan Consultative Council was established. [3]

The delimitation of the area of influence was approved by HCL no. 387/2008. [5]

Geography

The total area on which the Timișoara metropolitan area extends is 1,079.54 km2 – of which 129.27 km2 represent the administrative territory of Timișoara, and 950.27 km2 the area of influence of the city – occupying about 3.4% of the West development region and about 12.5% of Timiș County. [6]

Administration

The Timișoara metropolitan area is administered by the Timișoara Growth Pole Intercommunity Development Association, led by a General Assembly, a Board of Directors and a General Manager. [6] The General Assembly is the supreme governing body, composed of all members of the Association. The president of the Association is the mayor of Timișoara. [6] The total number of representatives in the General Assembly is 31 members. [6] The Board of Directors is the executive governing body of the Association, composed of the president of the Association and two members appointed by the General Assembly for a period of two years. [6]

Subdivisions

The Timișoara metropolitan area includes an urban center (Timișoara) and its area of influence, i.e. 14 communes (Becicherecu Mic, Bucovăț, Dudeștii Noi, Dumbrăvița, Ghiroda, Giarmata, Giroc, Moșnița Nouă, Orțișoara, Pișchia, Remetea Mare, Săcălaz, Sânmihaiu Român and Șag) [6] with 35 villages. [7]

NamePopulation (2018 est.) [8] Area (km2) [9] Density (/km2)
Timișoara 330,209129.272,554
Becicherecu Mic 3,20746.6569
Bucovăț 1,89432.5258
Dudeștii Noi 3,50953.9365
Dumbrăvița 10,98418.99578
Ghiroda 7,18834.13211
Giarmata 7,46971.51104
Giroc 14,03752.77266
Moșnița Nouă 9,09568.87132
Orțișoara 4,655145.6332
Pișchia 3,165123.6126
Remetea Mare 2,63972.8936
Săcălaz 9,314119.4978
Sânmihaiu Român 7,68575.26102
Șag 3,63134.02107
Total418,6811,079.54388

Given the accentuated polarization of the area and the continuous expansion of Timișoara and its suburbs, it was proposed to extend the metropolitan area with the following subdivisions:

Demographics

Population census
Year2002 2011 2021
Pop.368,102387,604367,430
±%    +5.3%−5.2%
Source: [1] [10]

According to the 2021 census, the population of the 15 administrative units totals 367,430 people, of whom 250,849 live in Timișoara. [1]

According to the 2011 census, the resident population of the Timișoara metropolitan area was 387,604, 5.3% higher than previously reported in the 2002 census. [3] The population of the metropolitan area represents 21.2% of the population of the West development region and 56.26% of the population of Timiș County. [3] The majority of the population (82.38%) lives in Timișoara (319,279) and only 17.62% in the area of influence (68,325), given that the area of Timișoara represents about 12% of the area of the metropolitan area. [3] The population growth was more pronounced in the peri-urban countryside than in Timișoara, the share of the city in the total population of the area decreasing by almost 4% between 2002–2011. [3] In its extended area of influence, defined as the area that can be reached within a 60-minute drive from the city proper, live about 950,000 people. [11]

Network of localities and population at the 2002 and 2011 censuses [3]
City/CommuneLocality20022011±% p.a.
Timișoara 317,660319,279+0.5%
Timișoara317,660319,279
Becicherecu Mic 2,4172,853+18.0%
Becicherecu Mic2,4172,853
Bucovăț 1,4101,601+13.5%
Bucovăț1,1501,318
Bazoșu Nou260283
Dudeștii Noi 2,3953,179+32.7%
Dudeștii Noi2,3953,179
Dumbrăvița 2,6937,522+179.3%
Dumbrăvița2,6937,522
Ghiroda 4,9076,200+26.4%
Ghiroda3,4994,605
Giarmata-Vii1,4081,595
Giarmata 5,4076,502+20.3%
Giarmata4,4055,210
Cerneteaz1,0021,292
Giroc 4,2958,388+95.3%
Giroc2,2915,652
Chișoda2,0042,736
Moșnița Nouă 4,2986,203+44.3%
Moșnița Nouă1,4502,833
Moșnița Veche1,3701,590
Urseni1,1511,315
Albina279386
Rudicica4879
Orțișoara 4,0804,190+2.7%
Orțișoara2,2562,289
Călacea674723
Seceani595590
Cornești555588
Pișchia 3,0063,051+1.5%
Pișchia1,1271,116
Bencecu de Sus870844
Murani582646
Bencecu de Jos386396
Sălciua Nouă4149
Remetea Mare 2,1112,302+9.0%
Remetea Mare1,2861,495
Ianova825807
Săcălaz 6,2737,204+14.8%
Săcălaz3,7584,596
Beregsău Mare1,7041,747
Beregsău Mic811861
Sânmihaiu Român 4,3966,121+39.2%
Sânmihaiu Român1,7882,805
Utvin1,8752,451
Sânmihaiu German733865
Șag 2,7543,009+9.3%
Șag2,7543,009

Economy

Timișoara polarizes over 80% of the county's turnover and over 30% of the region's. [3]

The city's economic profile, largely based on manufacturing, has encouraged the expansion of urban mass toward the larger metropolitan area. If between 1992–2012 Timișoara expanded by 13%, the metropolitan area expanded by about 18%. Some of the peri-urban localities have undergone a dramatic process of transformation. For example, during this period, Dumbrăvița expanded by 138%. Other localities expanded by 20%, 30% or 50%. [11]

The area of influence has a mixed functional profile, generally dominated by the service sector. [7] The villages in the immediate vicinity of the city – Ghiroda, Remetea Mare, Giroc – crossed or delimited by major roads (E70) and the villages in the vicinity of well-defined industrial areas of the city (Sânmihaiu Român) have micro-industrial areas, the industrial units located here having significant shares in the turnover of the locality (over 40%, even over 50% in the case of Giroc). [7] In general, agriculture plays a minor role in the functional profile of the area of influence. [7]

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Timișoara</span> City and county seat in Timiș County, Romania

Timișoara is the capital city of Timiș County, Banat, and the main economic, social and cultural centre in Western Romania. Located on the Bega River, Timișoara is considered the informal capital city of the historical Banat. From 1848 to 1860 it was the capital of the Serbian Vojvodina and the Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar. With 250,849 inhabitants at the 2021 census, Timișoara is the country's fifth most populous city. It is home to around 400,000 inhabitants in its metropolitan area, while the Timișoara–Arad conurbation concentrates more than 70% of the population of Timiș and Arad counties. Timișoara is a multicultural city, home to 21 ethnicities and 18 religions. Interculturality has long been a special characteristic of the western part of the country.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Timiș County</span> County of Romania

Timiș is a county (județ) of western Romania on the border with Hungary and Serbia, in the historical region of Banat, with the county seat at Timișoara. It is the westernmost and the largest county in Romania in terms of land area. The county is also part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lugoj</span> Municipality in Timiș, Romania

Lugoj is a city in Timiș County, Romania. The Timiș River divides the city into two halves, the so-called "Romanian Lugoj" that spreads on the right bank and the "German Lugoj" on the left bank. The city administers two villages, Măguri and Tapia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Becicherecu Mic</span> Commune in Timiș, Romania

Becicherecu Mic is a commune in Timiș County, Romania. It is composed of a single village, Becicherecu Mic. It also included Dudeștii Noi until 2004, when it was split off to form a separate commune. Its name means "Small Becicherec", as opposed to the "Great Becicherec", located in Serbia and renamed Zrenjanin in 1946.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Comloșu Mare</span> Commune in Timiș, Romania

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dumbrăvița, Timiș</span> Commune in Timiș, Romania

Dumbrăvița is a commune in Timiș County, Romania. It is composed of a single village, Dumbrăvița. One of the most developed and rich communes in Romania, Dumbrăvița has become in recent years a suburb of Timișoara.

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Ghiroda is a commune in Timiș County, Romania. It is composed of two villages, Ghiroda and Giarmata-Vii. It is located near Timișoara, to the east. As a result of the development of the city, the commune shows characteristics of being a suburb of Timișoara.

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Bucovăț is a commune in Timiș County, Romania. It is composed of two villages, Bazoșu Nou and Bucovăț. Part of the commune of Remetea Mare until 2007, it was established as a separate commune in that year.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Remetea Mare</span> Commune in Timiș, Romania

Remetea Mare is a commune in Timiș County, Romania. It is composed of two villages, Ianova and Remetea Mare.

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Sânmihaiu Român is a commune in Timiș County, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Sânmihaiu German, Sânmihaiu Român and Utvin. It lies on the canalized section of the river Bega, southwest of Timișoara.

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References

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  2. Bălteanu, Dan; Dumitrașcu, Monica; Geacu, Sorin; Mitrică, Bianca; Sima, Mihaela, eds. (2016). "Dezvoltarea urbană și ariile metropolitane". România. Natură și societate. Editura Academiei Române. pp. 250–291. ISBN   978-973-27-2695-2.
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  4. Popescu, Ruxandra Irina (2008). "The Role of Great Cities in Romania for the Metropolitan Development". Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences (22E): 149–170. ISSN   2247-8310.
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  8. "Populația după domiciliu la 1 ianuarie 2018". Institutul Național de Statistică.
  9. "Studiu de potențial privind dezvoltarea la nivelul municipiilor Timișoara și Arad" (PDF). Ministerul Investițiilor și Proiectelor Europene. pp. 8–9.
  10. "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013.
  11. 1 2 "Polii de creștere – Faza următoare" (PDF). The World Bank. pp. 203–216.