|Species||western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)|
|Born||1959 (approximate --born in the wild)|
in Yaounde, Republic of Cameroon (placed in human care at Memphis Zoo (1960-1966), moved to Cleveland Metroparks Zoo (1966-1991), moved on breeding loan to Bronx Zoo (1991-2004), retired and euthanized because of deteriorating health at Louisville Zoo (2004-2011))
|Died||August 2, 2011 51–52)(aged|
Timmy (1959 – August 2, 2011) was a western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and a 25-year-long resident of the Cleveland Metroparks Zoo. He was primarily housed indoors at the Zoo's Primate, Cat & Aquatics building. The even-tempered silverback gorilla was euthanized at the Louisville Zoo after suffering from chronic cardiovascular disease and osteoarthritis in 2011.
At the time of his death at age 52, Timmy was the oldest male gorilla in North America.During his later adult life he sired more than 12 offspring, which were conceived of and born while he was on breeding loan at the Wildlife Conservation Society's Bronx Zoo campus. Progeny include offspring Timmy sire with Pattycake (gorilla) who was born at the Central Park Zoo and was the first gorilla born in New York. He was also introduced to three other reproductively active females. His mate in Cleveland of 19 months, "Kribe Kate", and for whom he showed interest, affection and social compatibility with was determined to be infertile.
Prior to Kate, Timmy showed both indifference and fear of prospective mates including Emmy who arrived from another Ohio Zoo and died from a blood disorder.Timmy and Yogi, who was also wild born had to be separated according to then General Curator Don Kuenzer.
Timmy's move was highly controversial and nearly blocked by animal rights activists in Cleveland, represented by prominent civil rights attorney Avery Friedman, and from around the world. Several activist organizations hired an attorney who ultimately filed a law suit in front of US district court, citing the separation of Timmy and his female companion (imposed by zoo and zoo association officials), was an inhumane and detrimental to the gorillas' psychological welfare act.
According to an article published by international news agency United Press International, "Timmy's keepers [in Cleveland] said they are afraid the separation from Kribe Kate, who is known as Katie, could harm or even kill Timmy and that the move to New York in a cage in the rear of a truck could also traumatize him. At the least, they fear the move might cause Timmy to revert to being introverted and antisocial."
Timmy was born in the wild in Yaounde, Republic of Cameroon in 1960. He was captured along with eight other lowland gorillas by Dr. Deets Pickett, a Kansas City and Cameroon-based veterinarian turned ape capture expert. Pickett, referred to as the "gorilla hunter", pursued the lucrative venture of capturing gorillas for zoos but was also instrumental in learning how to keep orphaned and other infant chimpanzees and gorillas alive in transport and in extended or permanent human care. He contributed to advancements in great ape husbandry science and preventive medicine and specifically sedation/chemical restraint with narcotics, as well as transport and extended care in captivity.
In a July 3, 1964 radio interview with Dan Price (CBC Digital Archives), Pickett conceded that at the time of Timmy's capture 97% of gorillas died before leaving Africa. Most succumbed to communicable diseases contracted from humans. But among the eight gorillas transported, Timmy was one of the few to survive and was sold to the Memphis Zoo for five thousand dollars.Today a gorilla is "valued" at least $100,000 USD Back when 1981 when Timmy was obtained for exhibition and conservation breeding purposes then-Cleveland Zoo Director Michael Vitantonio said to acquire a gorilla from the wild about to be introduced to a prospective mate from the Columbus Zoo could cost as much 100,000 to 120,000 dollars.
In 1999, the Wildlife Conservation Society opened the Congo Gorilla Forest" exhibit at its Bronx Zoo campus and headquarters. The exhibit, which is a 6.5-acre enclosure, provides home to approximately 20 gorillas. The two Bronx Zoo gorilla families, including Timmy's, were among the largest breeding groups of western lowland gorillas in North America.
Timmy actually proved to be a bigger star in New York City than he was in Cleveland.The celebrity silverback sired more than twelve offspring while in residence at the Bronx Zoo, including progeny with Pattycake (gorilla), the first gorilla born successfully in human care in New York. Pattycake was actually born at the Wildlife Conservation Society's Central Park Zoo campus and later moved to the Bronx Zoo.
A 1994 New York Times article described a "gorilla baby boom" and plans the gorilla care and management program: "[The Zoo's] first objective is to increase the genetic diversity of an endangered species, but a second, related goal is to create happier gorillas by finding mates and establishing compatible groups. "These are very intelligent, sensitive animals," said James Doherty, curator of the Bronx Zoo.".
In 2004, Timmy was retired to another state-of-the art facility at the Louisville Zoo's Gorilla Forest Exhibit
Gorillas are herbivorous, predominantly ground-dwelling great apes that inhabit the tropical forests of equatorial Africa. The genus Gorilla is divided into two species: the eastern gorilla and the western gorilla, and either four or five subspecies. The DNA of gorillas is highly similar to that of humans, from 95 to 99% depending on what is included, and they are the next closest living relatives to humans after chimpanzees and bonobos.
The Bronx Zoo is a zoo within Bronx Park in the Bronx, New York. It is one of the largest zoos in the United States by area and is the largest metropolitan zoo in the United States by area, comprising 265 acres (107 ha) of park lands and naturalistic habitats separated by the Bronx River. On average, the zoo has 2.15 million visitors each year as of 2009. The zoo's original permanent buildings, known as Astor Court, were designed as a series of Beaux-Arts pavilions grouped around the large circular sea lion pool. The Rainey Memorial Gates were designed by sculptor Paul Manship in 1934 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.
Bristol Zoo was a zoo in the city of Bristol in South West England. The zoo's stated mission was to "maintain and defend” biodiversity through breeding endangered species, conserving threatened species and habitats and promoting a wider understanding of the natural world".
Binti Jua is a female western lowland gorilla in the Brookfield Zoo, in Brookfield, Illinois, outside of Chicago, US. She received media attention after a situation in 1996 in which she tended to a three-year-old boy who had been injured by falling into her enclosure.
Snowflake was a western lowland gorilla who was the world's only known albino gorilla to date. He was kept at Barcelona Zoo in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, from 1966 until his death in 2003.
The mountain gorilla is one of the two subspecies of the eastern gorilla. It is listed as endangered by the IUCN as of 2018.
The Cleveland Metroparks Zoo aka Cleveland Zoological Park is a 183-acre (74 ha) zoo in Cleveland, Ohio. The Zoo is divided into several areas: Australian Adventure; African Savanna; Northern Wilderness Trek, The Primate, Cat & Aquatics Building, Waterfowl Lake, The RainForest, and the newly added Asian Highlands. Cleveland Metroparks Zoo has one of the largest collections of primates in North America, The Zoo is a part of the Cleveland Metroparks system.
The western lowland gorilla is one of two Critically Endangered subspecies of the western gorilla that lives in montane, primary and secondary forest and lowland swampland in central Africa in Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon. It is the nominate subspecies of the western gorilla, and the smallest of the four gorilla subspecies.
Willie B. was a western lowland gorilla who lived at the Zoo of Atlanta for 39 years, from 1961 until his death on February 2, 2000. He was named after the former mayor of Atlanta, William Berry Hartsfield. Willie B. was kept in isolation for 27 years with only a television and a tire swing to keep him company. In 1988, he was moved to an outside exhibit and allowed to socialize and raise a family. He then embraced his role as silverback and leader of a troop.
The Gorilla Foundation is a non-profit organization founded in 1976 by Francine Patterson and Ronald Cohn in order to purchase the young gorilla named Koko from the San Francisco Zoo. Patterson had been teaching Koko American Sign Language since 1972, under custody of the zoo. In 1974, Patterson moved the project from a trailer at the zoo to a new compound at Stanford University, yet there was a possibility that Koko would need to be returned to the zoo, so Patterson raised money to buy and keep her. After the purchase, the foundation continued to support Patterson's research as she worked with Koko, in order to research language acquisition by non-human animals.
Jambo was a gorilla housed at Durrell Wildlife Park in Jersey, Channel Islands. He was involved in an incident in which he was seen to be protective of a child who fell into his enclosure.
The western gorilla is a great ape found in Africa, one of two species of the hominid genus Gorilla. Large and robust with males weighing around 168 kilograms (370 lb), the hair is significantly lighter in color than the eastern gorilla, Gorilla beringei, and geographically isolated from them in a region at the midwest of the African continent. Two subspecies are recognised, Gorilla gorilla diehli is limited to a smaller range in the north at the border of Cameroon and Nigeria. Both subspecies are listed Critically Endangered.
The eastern gorilla is a critically endangered species of the genus Gorilla and the largest living primate. At present, the species is subdivided into two subspecies. There are 6,800 eastern lowland gorillas or Grauer’s gorillas and 1,000 mountain gorillas. Illegal hunting threatens the species.
Guy the Gorilla (1946–1978) was a western lowland gorilla who was London Zoo's most famous resident and often profiled on children's TV shows and natural history productions. The exact day of Guy's birth was unknown, but the official birthday was set by the Zoo as May 30, and he received large numbers of cards each year.
Charles the Gorilla is a wild-born western lowland gorilla from Gabon, West Africa. Although the date of his birth is unknown his approximate date of birth is September 23, 1972; it is, however, celebrated on January 19 each year. At a time when humans were less vigilant about their treatment of threatened and endangered species, Charles was sought after by a group of poachers interested in acquiring gorillas for international trade. He is thought to have been found lying next to the corpse of his dead mother.
Babec was a male silverback western lowland gorilla, the youngest of three sons born to Otto and Benga at Chicago's Lincoln Park Zoo. Between 1988 and 1992 he sired 8 offspring, 5 of them with Madge of the Cincinnati Zoo. Six of his offspring survived into maturity, and he has one grandchild, Kiazi Kitamu at the Pittsburgh Zoo. Babec was exhibited at the Birmingham Zoo in Birmingham, Alabama, from 1993 until his death in 2008. He was the only gorilla to have been successfully fitted with a pacemaker, which he wore for four years.
Titus was a silverback mountain gorilla of the Virunga Mountains, observed by researchers almost continuously over his entire life. He was the subject of the 2008 PBS Nature/BBC Natural World documentary film Titus: The Gorilla King.
Ivan was a western lowland gorilla born in 1962 in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. He was captured from the wild as a baby and brought to live with humans. For the first few years of his life he lived with his owners, but he soon grew too big for a human house and they moved him to a 14' x 14' concrete enclosure on display to the public at the B&I shopping center in Tacoma, Washington, where he spent the next 27 years of his life.
Pattycake, also known as Patty Cake was a female western lowland gorilla born to Lulu and Kongo at the Central Park Zoo in New York City. She was the first baby gorilla successfully born in captivity in New York. Months after her much publicized birth, Pattycake's arm was broken when it got stuck in her cage as her mother grabbed her away from her father. The incident was sensationally anthropomorphized in the media as a domestic dispute between Lulu and Kongo, but in reality experts thought it was a simple accident.