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Timocleidas (Greek : Τιμοκλείδας) was a tyrant of the ancient Greek city-state of Sicyon in the 3rd century BC. After the violent death of the previous tyrant Cleon, he ruled jointly with Euthydemus, until the two were deposed by the citizens of Sicyon. Timocleidas and Euthydemus were replaced by the democrat Cleinias, although the historian Plutarch believed that Timocleidas ruled jointly with Cleinias. Timocleidas died during Cleinias's reign.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sicyon</span> Ancient Greek city

Sicyon or Sikyon was an ancient Greek city state situated in the northern Peloponnesus between Corinth and Achaea on the territory of the present-day regional unit of Corinthia. An ancient monarchy at the times of the Trojan War, the city was ruled by a number of tyrants during the Archaic and Classical period and became a democracy in the 3rd century BC. Sicyon was celebrated for its contributions to ancient Greek art, producing many famous painters and sculptors. In Hellenistic times it was also the home of Aratus of Sicyon, the leader of the Achaean League.

Ageladas or Hagelaedas was a celebrated Greek (Argive) sculptor, who flourished in the latter part of the 6th and the early part of the 5th century BC.

Abantidas, the son of Paseas, became tyrant of the ancient Greek city-state of Sicyon in 264 BC after murdering Cleinias, the father of Aratus. After the assassination, Abantidas had the remaining friends and relations of Cleinias banished or put to death.

Euthydemus was a tyrant of the ancient Greek city-state of Sicyon in the 3rd century BC. He ruled jointly with Timocleidas, but the two were deposed by the citizens of Sicyon. They replaced Euthydemus and Timocleidas with Cleinias, although the historian Plutarch believed that Timocleidas ruled jointly with Cleinias.

Nicocles was a tyrant of the ancient Greek city-state of Sicyon in the 3rd century BC; to which position he raised himself in 251 BC by the murder of Paseas, who had succeeded his son Abantidas in the sovereign power. He had reigned only four months, during which period he had already driven into exile eighty of the citizens, when the citadel of Sicyon was surprised in the night by a party of Sicyonian exiles, headed by young Aratus. The palace of the tyrant was set on fire, but Nicocles himself made his escape by a subterranean passage, and fled from the city. Of his subsequent fortunes nothing is known.

Cratesipolis was the ruler of Sicyon and Corinth in 314-308 BC. She was the wife of Alexander and was highly distinguished for her beauty, talents, and energy.

Aristomachos of Argos was a general of the Achaean League in Ancient Greece who served only for a year, 228 – 227 BC. His father Aristomachos the Elder and his brother Aristippos had both been tyrants of the city of Argos, and after the latter's death in 235 the younger brother became tyrant himself. In 229 he was convinced to resign by Aratus of Sicyon and let his city join the Achaean League. As a reward, he was elected strategos of the League. Later he betrayed Argos to Cleomenes of Sparta. When Argos was retaken by the forces of Achaea and Macedonia, he was tortured and executed, probably in 223 BC.

Anaxilas or Anaxilaus, son of Cretines, was a tyrant of Rhegium. He was originally from Messenia, a region in the Peloponnese.

Cleinias(Kleinias) may refer to a number of people from ancient Greek history:

Cleinias was the son of Cleinias, and a younger brother of the famous Athenian statesman Alcibiades, and a member of the wealthy and influential Alcmaeonidae family. Pericles, who was the guardian of the youths, and who feared Alcibiades might somehow corrupt Cleinias, sent the latter away from his own house and placed him for education with his brother Ariphron; but the latter sent him back at the end of six months, finding it impossible to make anything of him. In one of the dialogues of Plato, he is spoken of as quite a madman.

Cleinias of Tarentum was a Pythagorean philosopher, and a contemporary and friend of Plato, as appears from the story which Diogenes Laërtius gives on the authority of Aristoxenus, to the effect that Plato wished to burn all the writings of Democritus which he could collect, but was prevented by Cleinias and Amyclus of Heraclea. In his practice, Cleinias was a true Pythagorean. Thus, we hear that he used to assuage his anger by playing on his harp; and, when Prorus of Cyrene had lost all his fortune through a political revolution, Cleinias, who knew nothing of him except that he was a Pythagorean, took on himself the risk of a voyage to Cyrene, and supplied him with money to the full extent of his loss.

The name Alcon or Alco can refer to a number of people from classical history:

Aristotle of Argos, was a political leader in Argos and a friend of Aratus of Sicyon. In 224 BC he belonged to the party at Argos which was hostile to the Spartan king Cleomenes III. After Cleomenes had taken possession of the city, Aristoteles attacked the Spartan garrison to lead his city again into the Achaean League.

Aristippus of Argos was a tyrant of Argos in the 3rd century BC. His grandfather may have been the Aristippus installed as tyrant by the Macedonian king Antigonus II Gonatas in 272, and his father was the tyrant Aristomachos the Elder. When Aristomachus was assassinated by slaves in 240, Aristippus took control of the city.

Cleon was a tyrant of the ancient Greek city-state of Sicyon. According to Plutarch, he was assassinated and Timocleidas and Cleinias were made chief magistrates. According to Pausanias, Cleon was succeeded by Euthydemus and Timocleidas who ruled jointly as tyrants.

Alexander was a Macedonian governor and tyrant of Corinth. He was the son of Craterus who had faithfully governed Corinth and Chalcis for his half-brother Antigonus II Gonatas. His grandmother was Phila, the celebrated daughter of Antipater and first wife of Demetrius Poliorcetes. According to a note in Livy, his mother's name may have been Nicaea and this was also the name of his wife.

Aristomachos the Elder was a tyrant of the ancient Greek city of Argos. Around 249 BC he was an intermediate in the peace between the city of Athens and Alexander of Corinth. In 240 he survived a rebellion ordered by Aratus of Sicyon, but was soon after killed by his slaves. He was succeeded by his sons Aristippos and Aristomachos.

Aristotle the Dialectician, was an ancient Greek dialectic philosopher from Argos. In 252 BC, together with the historian Deinias of Argos, he contrived a plot to overthrow the tyranny in Sicyon. They successfully killed the tyrant Abantidas, but their further plans were thwarted by the tyrant's father Paseas who took control of the city. Deinias managed to escape to Argos, but Aristotle's fate is uncertain.

Mnasitheus or Mnesitheus of Sicyon was an ancient Greek painter of some fame mentioned by Pliny the Elder in his Natural History.

Euphron was a tyrant of the ancient Greek city-state of Sicyon between 368 and 364 BC.