Timofiy Bilohradsky

Last updated

Timofiy Bilohradsky (also Belogradsky, Pelogradsky; Ukrainian : Тимофій Білоградський; ca. 1710 — ca. 1782) was a lutenist, composer and kobzar-bandurist of Ukrainian ethnicity, active in St. Petersburg and Königsberg.

Little is known about his childhood. He is thought to have been born in or near the city of Cherkasy in Ukraine and that he learned to play the kobza and lute at the Hlukhiv Music Academy in Ukraine. He had an excellent voice and great musical aptitude. In 1725 he was invited to St Petersburg to sing in the Imperial Church Capella. In 1733 Tsarina Anna sent Bilohradsky to Dresden in the retinue of the ambassador Count Keyserlinck to perfect his lute playing under the tutelage of Silvius Leopold Weiss - the most important lutenist-composer of the 18th century. He also studied voice with Faustina Bordoni-Hasse, and castrato Domenico Annibali. Bilohradsky eventually became one of the highest trained musicians in the Russian Court Capella. [1]

In 1739, Bilohradsky returned to St Petersburg, where he continued to work as a court musician. In 1741 he returned to Germany where he became known as a virtuoso lutenist and singer and for some time lived in Königsberg where he had a number of students - notably Johann Reichardt (father of Johann Friedrich Reichardt), and Johann Georg Hamann, the Sturm-und-Drang philosopher.

In his last years he lived in Petersburg. The "Moscow Weiss Manuscript" is ascribed to Bilohradsky or his circle. As a composer Bilohradsky is known for a set of songs and romances to the texts by Sumarokov that enjoyed considerable popularity in the 18th century.

His niece, Yelizaveta Belogradskaya, became famous as a first Russian opera-singer, she sang at the Imperial St. Petersburg opera and was also known as a composer. [1]

Related Research Articles

Ukrainian music covers diverse and multiple component elements of the music that is found in the Western and Eastern musical civilization. It also has a very strong indigenous Slavic and Christian uniqueness whose elements were used among the areas that surround modern Ukraine.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bandura</span> Ukrainian stringed musical instrument

A bandura is a Ukrainian plucked-string folk-instrument. It combines elements of the zither and lute and, up until the 1940s, was also often called a kobza. Early instruments had 5 to 12 strings and resembled lutes. In the 20th century, the number of strings increased initially to 31 strings (1926), then to 56 strings – 68 strings on modern "concert" instruments (1954).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sylvius Leopold Weiss</span> German composer and lutenist

Sylvius Leopold Weiss was a German composer and lutenist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz</span> German playwright (1751–1792)

Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz was a Baltic German writer of the Sturm und Drang movement.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maxim Berezovsky</span> Composer

Maxim Sozontovich Berezovsky was a composer, opera singer, bassist and violinist, who studied in Italy and worked at the St. Petersburg Court Chapel in the Russian Empire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kobza</span> Ukrainian stringed musical instrument

The kobza, also called bandura is a Ukrainian folk music instrument of the lute family, a relative of the Central European mandora. The term kobza however, has also been applied to a number of other Eastern European instruments distinct from the Ukrainian kobza.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fyodor Stravinsky</span> Russian operatic bass and actor (1843–1902)

Fyodor Ignatievich Stravinsky, 20 June [O.S. 8 June] 1843, estate Novy Dvor (Aleksichi), Rechitsky Uyezd, Minsk Governorate – 4 December [O.S. 21 November] 1902) was a Russian bass opera singer and actor. He was the father of Igor Stravinsky and the grandfather of Théodore Strawinsky and Soulima Stravinsky.

Jan Antonín Losy, Count of Losinthal ; also known as Comte d'Logy, was a Bohemian aristocrat, Baroque lute player and composer from Prague. His lute works combine the French style brisé with a more Italian cantabile style. He was probably the most significant lutenist-composer in Bohemia at the height of the lute's popularity there.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Johann Friedrich Reichardt</span> German composer and writer (1752–1814)

Johann Friedrich Reichardt was a German composer, writer and music critic.

Vasily Alexeyevich Pashkevich also Paskevich was a Russian composer, singer, violinist and teacher of Ukrainian origin who lived during the time of Catherine the Great.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Adam Falckenhagen</span> German lutenist and composer (1697–1754)

Adam Falckenhagen was a German lutenist and composer of the Baroque period.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aleksandr Varlamov (composer, born 1801)</span> Russian composer

Alexander Egorovich Varlamov was a 19th-century composer, singer, teacher, conductor, and one of the founding fathers of the genre of the Russian art song. He is recorded as being one of the first Russian creators to devise a technical process of singing in his monograph, Polnaya Shkola Penia - The Complete School of Singing He was also the notable father of Russian, 20th-century Actor Konstantin Varlamov and the great-grandfather of 20th-century composer Alexander Vladimirovich Varlamov. His art songs were famed for their Russian motives and authentic capture of everyday experiences. So much so that many of his songs were immortalized in literature by notable Russian and American Authors and Playwrights such as N. Gogol, I. Turgenev, and J. Galsworthy.

Johann Ignaz Ludwig Fischer, commonly called Ludwig Fischer, was a German opera singer, a notable bass of his time.

Yelizaveta Osipovna Belogradskaya was a Russian Imperial Court opera singer and composer for keyboard.

Sándor Kallós is a Russian composer of Hungarian descent, a noted proponent of musical Minimalism, an influential pioneer of the early music revival and electronic music in the USSR, lutenist, and a prolific author of incidental music for film, animation, theater, and ballet.

John H. Schneiderman is an American lutenist and guitarist born in Ithaca, New York, where his father was a member of the faculty of Cornell University. Schneiderman was introduced to music by his mother, who taught him to play the ukulele when he was six years old. He began performing at the age of nine, playing the banjo and fiddle at bluegrass festivals in California. Schneiderman received his undergraduate degree at the University of California, Irvine, studying guitar under Frederick Noad. He continued his studies at the Schola Cantorum in Basel, Switzerland with lutenist Eugen Müller-Dombois.

Juliane Reichardt, née Benda, was a Bohemian pianist, singer and composer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Johann Stobäus</span>

Johann Stobäus was a North German composer and lutenist.

A court chapel is a chapel (building) and/or a chapel as a musical ensemble associated with a royal or noble court. Most of these are royal (court) chapels, but when the ruler of the court is not a king, the more generic "court chapel" is used, for instance for an imperial court.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Franz Adam Veichtner</span> German violinist and composer (1741–1822)

Franz Adam Veichtner, also known as "Feichtner" was a German violinist and composer of the classical era.


  1. 1 2 "Діяльність українських музикантів у Росії". ukrnotes.in.ua. Retrieved 2023-08-18.