Timoléon C. Brutus (1886–1971) was a Haitian politician and historian. He was Foreign Minister of Haiti from 1946 to 1949. As a historian, Brutus wrote books about the leaders of the Haitian Revolution, Toussaint L'Ouverture and Jean-Jacques Dessalines. His most well-known works are Ranςon du Génie ou la Leςon de Toussaint Louverture (1945) and L'homme d'Airain (1946). One of his sons, Edner Brutus, also became a prominent politician and historian. His youngest son, Jean-Claude Brutus became a psychiatrist.
Jean-Jacques Dessalines was a leader of the Haitian Revolution and the first ruler of an independent Haiti under the 1805 constitution. Under Dessalines, Haiti became the first country to permanently abolish slavery. Initially regarded as governor-general, Dessalines was later named Emperor of Haiti as Jacques I (1804–1806) by generals of the Haitian Revolution Army and ruled in that capacity until being assassinated in 1806. He is the father of the nation Haiti.
Frankétienne is a Haitian writer, poet, playwright, painter, musician, activist and intellectual. He is recognized as one of Haiti's leading writers and playwrights of both French and Haitian Creole, and is "known as the father of Haitian letters". As a painter, he is known for his colorful abstract works, often emphasizing the colors blue and red. He was a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2009, made a Commander of the Ordre des Arts et Lettres, and was named UNESCO Artist for Peace in 2010.
Jacques Stephen Alexis was a Haitian communist novelist, poet, and activist. He is best known for his novel Compère Général Soleil (1955).
Louis Félix Mathurin Boisrond-Tonnerre, better known as simply Boisrond-Tonnerre, was a Haitian writer and historian who is best known for having served as Jean-Jacques Dessalines' secretary. Boisrond-Tonnerre was educated in Paris until 1798 when he returned to Haiti. He is the author of the 1804 Independence Act of Haiti, which formally declared Haiti's independence from the colonial rule of France. He is also known for his work chronicling the Haitian Revolution, Mémoires pour Servir à l'Histoire d'Haïti.
Pompée Valentin Vastey, or Pompée Valentin, Baron de Vastey, was a Haitian writer, educator, and politician. Vastey was what people at the time called a "mulatto," because he was born to a white French father and a black Haitian mother. He served as secretary to King Henri Christophe and tutor to Christophe's son, Victor Henri. Vastey also claimed to have fought in Toussaint's army and is said to have been the second cousin of the French novelist and playwright Alexandre Dumas. Vastey is best known for his essays on the history and contemporary circumstances of Haiti.
Alexis Beaubrun Ardouin (1796–1865) was a Haitian historian and politician. He is best remembered for his eleven-volume Etudes sur l'Histoire d'Haïti, published in the 1850s and 60s. His Etudes have served as a valuable resource for later historians. Beaubrun Ardouin also wrote the first Haitian textbook, Géographie de l'Ile d'Haïti and Instruction sur le Jury.
Charles Céligny Ardouin (1801–1849) was a Haitian politician and historian. He served as a Delegate in 1846, Senator, and Minister of the Interior in 1847. In 1847 he also served on the Council of Secretaries of State. Ardouin ran afoul of President Soulouque's government and was executed in 1849.
Coriolan Ardouin was a Haitian romantic poet. Ardouin left only one work before his early death: a compilation of poems entitled Reliques d'un Poète Haïtien, published posthumously in 1837.
Thomas Madiou was a Haitian historian. His work Histoire d'Haïti is the first complete history of Haiti from 1492 to 1846. It is considered one of the most valuable documents of Haitian history and literature.
Émile Nau was a Haitian historian and politician. Born in Port-au-Prince, Nau's most famous work is Histoire des Caciques d'Haïti, a history of the "Caciques", or tribal chiefs of native inhabitants (Taïnos), of Haiti. Nau was the co-editor of two important magazines, Le Républicain and L'Union, which were published by his brother Ignace Nau. Emile and the Ardouin brothers, Beaubrun, Céligny, and Coriolan, were members of the literary society "The School of 1836" founded by his brother Ignace. Emile Nau also served as Delegate of Port-au-Prince during the Presidency of Jean-Pierre Boyer.
Joseph Saint-Rémy (1818–1856) was a Haitian historian. He is best known for his biography La Vie de Toussaint Louverture about the Haitian Revolution leader Toussaint L'Ouverture, and for his work Pétion et Haïti, about another Revolutionary figure, Alexandre Pétion. Born in Guadeloupe, Saint-Rémy emigrated to Haiti as a young child and grew up in Les Cayes before leaving for school in France.
Charles Moravia was a Haitian poet, dramatist, teacher, and diplomat.
Stephen Mesmin Alexis, (1889–1962), was a Haitian novelist and diplomat. Born in Gonaïves, Alexis served as Haiti's ambassador to the United Kingdom and represented Haiti at the United Nations.
Jean-François Brierre was a Haitian poet, dramatist, journalist, and diplomat. He is recognized "as one of the most brilliant Haitian writers," and has produced a significant body of poetry to his credit. He also served as Haiti's ambassador to Argentina.
Edner Brutus (1911–1980) was a Haitian politician, diplomat, and historian. He served as Foreign Minister of Haiti from 1974 to 1978, and as a historian he is best known for his book Révolution dans Saint-Domingue (1969). His father, Timoléon C. Brutus, was also a prominent politician and historian.
Roger Dorsinville was a Haitian poet, journalist, novelist, politician, and diplomat. Born in Port-au-Prince, Dorsinville attended military school before serving as the Minister of Public Health and ambassador to Venezuela. Some of his most notable works are Barrières (1946), Pour Célébrer la Terre (1954), Le Grand Devoir (1962), and Toussaint Louverture (1965).
Jean Fouchard was a Haitian historian, journalist, and diplomat. Fouchard was born in Port-au-Prince and earned a law degree there. He worked as a journalist, founding the periodical La Relèvé, and as a diplomat, serving as the ambassador to Cuba. He is best known for his historical publications.
Gérard Mentor Laurent was a Haitian historian and educator. Some of his most notable works are Coup d'Oeil sur la Politique de Toussaint Louverture (1945), Six Etudes sur J. J. Dessalines (1951), Pages d'Histoire d'Haïti (1960), Le Commissaire Sonthonax à Saint-Domingue, and Haiti et l'Indépendance Américaine (1976).
Jean Price-Mars was a Haitian doctor, teacher, politician, diplomat, writer, and ethnographer. Price-Mars served as secretary of the Haitian legation in Washington, D.C. (1909) and as chargé d'affaires in Paris (1915–1917), during the initial years of the United States occupation of Haiti.
Horace Pauleus Sannon was a Haitian historian, politician and diplomat.