|24 August 1863 69–70)(aged
|Politician and priest
|Governor of San Juan Province
Ecclesiastical governor of the Bishopric of San Juan de Cuyo
Timoteo Maradona (1793 – 24 August 1863) was an Argentine official and priest who played a leading role in San Juan Province in the first half of the nineteenth century.
Timoteo Maradona was born in 1793 in San Juan, Argentina.He was the son of José Ignacio Fernández Maradona, a leading citizen of San Juan who was Deputy for San Juan in 1911. He married Antonia Videla, who had several children. For many years she was very sick. He was an appellate judge before becoming head of the provincial government. Maradona's opinions were Federalist, Catholic and Nationalistic.
Maradona was elected governor in 1828, and in 1829 and 1836 had to act as governor. During the twenty years that Nazario Benavídez was governor of San Juan, on several occasions Maradona was his deputy governor when Benavídez had to leave the province. In 1839 he had a confrontation with Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, whom he criticised for misrepresenting facts about public finances in his anti-Federalist paper El Zonda. Sarmiento described them as a corrupt and evil syndicate.
In 1844, on the death of his wife, Maradona left politics to join the church. He became ecclesiastical governor of the Bishopric of San Juan de Cuyo. As a priest he did not hesitate to criticise the Governor Francisco Domingo Díaz, who imprisoned him in 1858 and eventually deported him to Paraná, Entre Ríos on the basis of a decree of 5 February 1857 issued by Salvador María del Carril that gave him that authority. Maradona died on 24 August 1863, at age 70, during the governorship of Sarmiento.
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento was an Argentine activist, intellectual, writer, statesman and the second President of Argentina. His writing spanned a wide range of genres and topics, from journalism to autobiography, to political philosophy and history. He was a member of a group of intellectuals, known as the Generation of 1837, who had a great influence on 19th-century Argentina. He was particularly concerned with educational issues and was also an important influence on the region's literature.
The Battle of Pavón, a key battle of the Argentine Civil Wars, was fought in Pavón, Santa Fé Province, Argentina on 17 September 1861 between the Army of the State of Buenos Aires, commanded by Bartolomé Mitre, and the Army of Republic of the Argentine Confederation, commanded by Justo José de Urquiza. The withdrawal of Urquiza left the field to Mitre.
Ricardo Ramón López Jordán (1822–1889) was an Argentine soldier and politician, one of the last influential "caudillos" in the history of Argentina. He thrice rebelled against the government of Buenos Aires and was defeated in each attempt.
The Pact of San José de Flores was a treaty signed between the Argentine Confederation and the State of Buenos Aires on November 11, 1859, on the aftermath of the Battle of Cepeda. It established guidelines for the entry of the latter into the Confederation, and Buenos Aires' acceptance of the Argentine Constitution of 1853.
Ángel Vicente "Chacho" Peñaloza was a military officer and provincial leader prominent in both the history of La Rioja province and the Argentine civil wars that preceded national unity.
José Nazario Benavídez was an Argentine soldier who rose to the rank of Brigadier General and played a leading role in the Argentine Civil Wars. He was Governor of San Juan Province, Argentina, for almost twenty years in the mid-nineteenth century. His lengthy political career during a period of great turbulence was due to the great respect in which he was held by enemies as well as friends. After leaving office he was imprisoned and then murdered by his guards.
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The Governors of San Juan Province, Argentina since Argentina became independent have been the following
The Battle of Angaco, was a clash in the Argentine Civil Wars between Unitarian and Federalist forces at Angaco, about 23 kilometres (14 mi) NNE of San Juan, Argentina, that gave an ephemeral advantage to the Unitarians. The federal leader was General José Félix Aldao and the Unitarians were led by Mariano Acha. This was the bloodiest of all battles of the Argentine civil wars. The Unitarians won a transitory victory, because soon after Federalists retook the city of San Juan and defeated, captured and killed Acha.
Francisco Domingo Díaz Oro was a colonel in the army of the Argentinian Confederation. He fought at the Battle of Angaco and was twice governor of San Juan Province, Argentina. He was a member of the Federalist Party but his administration was largely influenced by the Unitarian Party. His son Ramón Díaz was an outstanding lawman in La Rioja Province.
Zacarías Yanzi was an Argentine soldier and politician who participated in the war of independence and served briefly as Governor of San Juan Province.
José Santos Ramírez was an Argentine soldier for a long time in the militia of Mendoza Province, and was involved on the Federalist side in several of the Argentine Civil Wars.
José Manuel Quiroga Sarmiento was an Argentine priest who became Bishop of San Juan de Cuyo. While in that position, he was briefly Governor of San Juan Province, Argentina.
José Luciano Fernández was briefly acting Governor of San Juan Province, Argentina after the Unitarian Governor José Martín Yanzón had been defeated by Colonel Tomás Brizuela. A few weeks later, he handed over power to Nazario Benavídez.