Timothy Cole

Last updated
Timothy Cole
Portrait of Timothy Cole.jpg
Died17 May 1931(1931-05-17) (aged 79) [1]
Occupation Engraving [2]
Children Alphaeus Philemon Cole
Lessons In Horsemanship by Timothy Cole Lessons In Horsemanship by Timothy Cole (cropped).jpg
Lessons In Horsemanship by Timothy Cole

Timothy Cole (1852 17 May 1931) was an American wood engraver.



Timothy Cole was born in 1852 in London, England, his family emigrated to the United States in 1858.

Wood engraving of Cole making a wood engraving Timothy Cole at work cph.3b21068.jpg
Wood engraving of Cole making a wood engraving

He established himself in Chicago, [3] where in the great fire of 1871 he lost everything he possessed. In 1875, he moved to New York City, finding work on the Century (then Scribner's) magazine. [4] [5] [6] Cole was associated with the magazine for 40 years as a pioneer craftsman of wood engraving. [7]

He immediately attracted attention by his unusual facility and his sympathetic interpretation of illustrations and pictures, and his publishers sent him abroad in 1883 to engrave a set of blocks after the old masters in the European galleries. These achieved for him a brilliant success. His reproductions of Italian, Dutch, Spanish, Flemish and English pictures were published in book form with appreciative notes by the engraver himself. [6] He published his engravings in several books: Old Italian Masters (1892), Old Dutch and Flemish Masters (1895), Old English Masters (1902), [8] and Old Spanish Masters (1907). [7]

Though the advent of new mechanical processes had rendered wood engraving almost a lost art and left practically no demand for the work of such craftsmen, Mr Cole was thus enabled to continue his work, and became one of the foremost contemporary masters of wood engraving. He received a medal of the first class at the Paris Exhibition of 1900, and the only grand prize given for wood engraving at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition at St Louis, Missouri, in 1904. [6] In 1906 he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate Academician, and became a full Academician in 1908.[ citation needed ]

His son, Alphaeus Philemon Cole, was a noted portraitist who is also today recognized as having been the world's oldest verified living man at the time of his death.[ citation needed ]



Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kate Greenaway</span> British artist

Catherine Greenaway was an English Victorian artist and writer, known for her children's book illustrations. She received her education in graphic design and art between 1858 and 1871 from the Finsbury School of Art, the South Kensington School of Art, the Heatherley School of Art, and the Slade School of Fine Art. She began her career designing for the burgeoning holiday card market, producing Christmas and Valentine's cards. In 1879 wood-block engraver and printer, Edmund Evans, printed Under the Window, an instant best-seller, which established her reputation. Her collaboration with Evans continued throughout the 1880s and 1890s.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alphaeus Philemon Cole</span> American artist and supercentenarian (1876–1988)

Alphaeus Philemon Cole was an American artist, engraver and etcher. He was born in Jersey City, New Jersey, the son of noted wood-engraver Timothy Cole. At the time of his death, at age 112 years and 136 days, Alphaeus was the world's oldest verified living man and the oldest living person in the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Francesco Bartolozzi</span> 18th/19th-century Italian artist

Francesco Bartolozzi was an Italian engraver, whose most productive period was spent in London. He is noted for popularizing the "crayon" method of engraving.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hendrick Goltzius</span> German-born Dutch printmaker, draftsman and painter (1558–1617)

Hendrick Goltzius, or Hendrik, was a German-born Dutch printmaker, draftsman, and painter. He was the leading Dutch engraver of the early Baroque period, or Northern Mannerism, lauded for his sophisticated technique, technical mastership and "exuberance" of his compositions. According to A. Hyatt Mayor, Goltzius "was the last professional engraver who drew with the authority of a good painter and the last who invented many pictures for others to copy". In the middle of his life he also began to produce paintings.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cornelis Cort</span> Dutch artist (c. 1533–1578)

Cornelis Cort was a Dutch engraver and draughtsman. He spent the last 12 years of his life in Italy, where he was known as Cornelio Fiammingo.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Sharp (engraver)</span> British engraver and artist

William Sharp, was a British engraver and artist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Frederick Kensett</span> American painter

John Frederick Kensett was an American landscape painter and engraver born in Cheshire, Connecticut. He was a member of the second generation of the Hudson River School of artists. Kensett's signature works are landscape paintings of New England and New York State, whose clear light and serene surfaces celebrate transcendental qualities of nature, and are associated with Luminism. Kensett's early work owed much to the influence of Thomas Cole, but was from the outset distinguished by a preference for cooler colors and an interest in less dramatic topography, favoring restraint in both palette and composition. The work of Kensett's maturity features tranquil scenery depicted with a spare geometry, culminating in series of paintings in which coastal promontories are balanced against glass-smooth water. He was a founder of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William James Linton</span>

William James Linton was an English-born American wood-engraver, landscape painter, political reformer and author of memoirs, novels, poetry and non-fiction.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wood engraving</span> Printmaking technique

Wood engraving is a printmaking technique, in which an artist works an image into a block of wood. Functionally a variety of woodcut, it uses relief printing, where the artist applies ink to the face of the block and prints using relatively low pressure. By contrast, ordinary engraving, like etching, uses a metal plate for the matrix, and is printed by the intaglio method, where the ink fills the valleys, the removed areas. As a result, the blocks for wood engravings deteriorate less quickly than the copper plates of engravings, and have a distinctive white-on-black character.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Woollett</span> English engraver (1735–1785)

William Woollett was an English engraver operating in the 18th century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charles Holroyd</span> English painter

Sir Charles Holroyd RE was an English painter, original printmaker and curator during the late Victorian and Edwardian eras up to and including the First World War. He was Keeper of the Tate from 1897 to 1906, Director of the National Gallery from 1906 to 1916 and Assessor (Vice-President) of the Royal Society of Painter-Etchers & Engravers from 1902 to 1917.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Faithorne</span> English artist and engraver (1616–1691)

William Faithorne, often "the Elder", was an English painter and engraver.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Raphael Smith</span> English painter and mezzotinter (1751–1812)

John Raphael Smith was a British painter and mezzotinter. He was the son of Thomas Smith of Derby, the landscape painter, and father of John Rubens Smith, a painter who emigrated to the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Frank Short</span> British artist (1857–1945)

Sir Francis Job Short PPRE was a British printmaker and teacher of printmaking. He revived the practices of mezzotint and pure aquatint, while expanding the expressive power of line in drypoint, etching and engraving. Short also wrote about printmaking to educate a wider public and was President of the Royal Society of Painter Etcher & Engavers from 1910 to 1938. He was a member of the Art Workers' Guild and was elected Master in 1901.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Clausen</span> British artist (1852–1944)

Sir George Clausen was a British artist working in oil and watercolour, etching, mezzotint, drypoint and occasionally lithographs. He was knighted in 1927.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Wynne Ryland</span> English engraver

William Wynne Ryland was an English engraver, who pioneered stipple engraving and was executed for forgery.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Line engraving</span> Engraved images printed on paper

Line engraving is a term for engraved images printed on paper to be used as prints or illustrations. The term is mainly used in connection with 18th- or 19th-century commercial illustrations for magazines and books or reproductions of paintings. It is not a technical term in printmaking, and can cover a variety of techniques, giving similar results.

Henry W. Peckwell (1852–1936) was an American artist. He was best known for his work as a wood engraver, for publications such as Scribner's Magazine and Harper's Magazine.

Frans Crabbe van Espleghem was a Flemish artist born c. 1480 Mechelen, Belgium, d. 1553 Mechelen, Belgium.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ludolph Büsinck</span> German painter

Ludolph Büsinck (c.1600–1669) was a German painter and wood-engraver, born at Hann. Münden in the 1590s. He worked in Paris between 1623 and 1630, where he produced a series of chiaoscuro woodcuts, the first to be made in France. His name is sometimes spelled "Buesinck".


  1. "Timothy Cole Dies", The New York Times, May 18, 1931.
  2. Whittle, George Howes (1918). "The Art of Timothy Cole," The Art World, Vol. 3, No. 5, pp. 377-383.
  3. Cole, Alphaeus Philemon & Margaret Ward Walmsley Cole (1935). Timothy Cole: Wood-engraver. The Pioneer Associates, p. 5.
  4. "Timothy Cole," The Art World, Vol. 1, No. 1, Oct., 1916, p. 13.
  5. Sabine, Julia (1952). "Timothy Cole and the 'Century'," The Library Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 232-239.
  6. 1 2 3 Chisholm 1911.
  7. 1 2 "Timothy Cole". Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
  8. "Review of Old English Masters by Timothy Cole". The Athenaeum (3923): 23–24. January 3, 1903.
  9. "Timothy Cole". The Art Institute of Chicago. 1852.
  10. "Lesson in Horsemanship (1913) by Timothy Cole". Metropolitan Museum of Art (www.metmuseum.org).
  11. "Timothy Cole | Smithsonian American Art Museum". americanart.si.edu.