Timothy Goodwin, Godwin or Godwyn (1670?–1729) was an English churchman, who became archbishop of Cashel.
He was born at Norwich, probably about 1670. He began his education at the nonconformist academy of Samuel Cradock, at Geesings, Suffolk. Here he was a classmate in philosophy with Edmund Calamy, who entered in 1686 at the age of fifteen. Goodwin and Calamy were about the same age, and read Greek together in private. At this time he was intended for the medical profession; on leaving Geesings he went to London and lodged with Edward Hulse, M.D., in Aldermanbury. Turning his thoughts to divinity he entered St. Edmund's Hall, Oxford, where he graduated M.A. on 22 January 1697.
He was domestic chaplain to Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, who took him abroad and gave him the rectory of Heythorpe, Oxfordshire. On 1 August 1704 he was collated to the archdeaconry of Oxford. He accompanied Shrewsbury to Ireland in October 1713, on his appointment as Lord High Steward of Ireland. On 16 January 1714 he was made bishop of Kilmore and Ardagh. He rebuilt the episcopal residence at Kilmore, and made other improvements, two-thirds of his outlay being reimbursed by his successor, Josiah Hort, who also had begun life as a nonconformist. On 3 June 1727 Goodwin was translated to the archbishopric of Cashel, in succession to William Nicholson.
Godwin is specifically thanked by Bernard de Montfaucon in his preface to his edition of the works of John Chrysostom for his good offices in contacting John Potter, the future archbishop of Canterbury, for the establishment of certain texts of that author.He was less responsive to moves for a rapprochement with Gallican circles in France.
He died at Dublin on 13 December 1729. He published two separate sermons in 1716, and a third in 1724.
He married Anne Anderson, daughter and co-heiress of Charles Anderson of Worcester. Her sister Charlotte married Robert Jocelyn, 1st Viscount Jocelyn.
Edmund Calamy was an English Presbyterian church leader and divine. Known as "the elder", he was the first of four generations of nonconformist ministers bearing the same name.
James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond was the son of James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond. He was called 'The White Earl' and was esteemed for his learning. He was the patron of the Irish literary work, 'The Book of the White Earl'. His career was marked by his long and bitter feud with the Talbot family.
Rev. John Westley (1636–78) was an English nonconformist minister. He was the grandfather of John Wesley.
The Great Ejection followed the Act of Uniformity 1662 in England. Several thousand Puritan ministers were forced out of their positions in the Church of England, following The Restoration of Charles II. It was a consequence of the Savoy Conference of 1661.
Josiah Hort, was an English clergyman of the Church of Ireland who ended his career as archbishop of Tuam.
Dr Gilbert Rule was a nonconformist Church of Scotland minister and the Principal of Edinburgh University from 1690 to 1701.
Edmund Calamy was an English Nonconformist churchman and historian.
Charles Brodrick was a reforming Irish clergyman and Archbishop of Cashel in the Church of Ireland.
Arthur Jackson (1593?-1666) was an English clergyman of strong Presbyterian and royalist views. He was imprisoned in 1651 for suspected complicity in the ‘presbyterian plot’ of Christopher Love, and ejected after the Act of Uniformity 1662.
John Garvey (1527–1595) was an Irish Protestant Bishop of Kilmore and Archbishop of Armagh.
Rathmell Academy was a Dissenting academy set up at Rathmell, North Yorkshire, and was the oldest non-conformist seat of learning in the north of England. The academy was established in 1670 by Richard Frankland M.A., 1670 and which was carried on, in spite of much persecution and many changes on venue of the academy, for nearly 30 years.
John Shower (1657–1715) was a prominent English nonconformist minister.
Robert Jocelyn, 1st Viscount Jocelyn PC (I) SL was an Anglo-Irish politician and judge and member of the Peerage of Ireland. He is best known for serving as Lord Chancellor of Ireland.
Thomas Dixon was an English nonconformist minister and tutor.
John Walker (1674–1747) was an English clergyman and ecclesiastical historian, known for his biographical work on the Church of England priests during the English Civil War and Interregnum.
Samuel Wright (1683–1746) was an English dissenting minister.
Samuel Mather was an Independent minister. Born in England, he went with his family while still young to New England. He returned to England under the Commonwealth, went to Scotland after a period at Oxford, and became a Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. After 1662 he was a nonconformist minister in Ireland.
Theophilus Dorrington (1654–1715) was a Church of England clergyman. Initially a nonconforming minister, he settled at Wittersham in The Weald, an area with many Dissenters, particularly Baptists. He became a controversialist attacking nonconformity. He also warned that the Grand Tour could create Catholic converts, by aesthetic impressions.
Samuel Cradock, B.D. (1621?–1706) was a nonconformist tutor, who was born about 1621. He was an elder brother of Zachary Cradock.
Events from the year 1527 in Ireland.