Timothy O. Howe
|30th United States Postmaster General|
December 20, 1881 –March 25, 1883
|President||Chester A. Arthur|
|Preceded by||Thomas Lemuel James|
|Succeeded by||Walter Q. Gresham|
| United States Senator |
March 4,1861 –March 3,1879
|Preceded by||Charles Durkee|
|Succeeded by||Matthew H. Carpenter|
|Justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court|
January 1,1851 –June 1,1853
|Wisconsin Circuit Court Judge for the 4th Circuit|
January 1,1851 –1855
|Preceded by||Alexander W. Stow|
|Succeeded by||William R. Gorsline|
Timothy Otis Howe
|Died||March 25,1883 67) (aged|
|Resting place|| Woodlawn Cemetery |
|Education||Maine Wesleyan Seminary|
Timothy Otis Howe (February 24,1816 –March 25,1883) was a member of the United States Senate for three terms,representing the state of Wisconsin from March 4,1861,to March 3,1879. He also served as U.S. Postmaster General under President Chester A. Arthur from 1881 until his death in 1883. Earlier in his career,he was a justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court.
Howe was born in Livermore,Maine (then,part of the commonwealth of Massachusetts),to Timothy Howe and Betsey Howard,attended Readfield Seminary now Kents Hill School,in Readfield,Maine,and studied law with local judges.In 1839,Howe was admitted to the Maine Bar and began practicing law in Readfield. In 1845,he was elected to the Maine House of Representatives. Shortly thereafter,Howe moved to Green Bay,Wisconsin,and opened a law office. He was an ardent Whig and ran an unsuccessful campaign for U.S. Congress in 1848.
Howe married Linda Ann Haines and together the couple had 2 children,Mary E. Howe and Frank K. Howe.
Howe was elected circuit judge in Wisconsin and served in that position from 1851 to 1855. As a circuit judge,he also served as a justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court until a separate Supreme Court was organized in 1853.
In 1857,Howe ran unsuccessfully for the U.S. Senate.In 1861,Howe ran again and won election to the Senate, serving during the American Civil War and Reconstruction. During his time in the Senate,he was an abolitionist and supporter of the Fifteenth Amendment. Howe argued against the claims of contemporary Democrats that blacks were inherently racially inferior,and remarked that their claim that abolition would cause a war of racial extermination was "a libel upon humanity,black or white." During this time he was considered one of the "Radical Republicans" due to his support for racial equality and his opposition to discrimination.
1865 Congressional Hearings chaired by Senator Doolittle looked into Sioux Complaints from the Yankton and Dakota tribes.The Senator found:"Many agents,teachers,and employees of the government,are inefficient,faithless,and even guilty of peculations are fraudulent practices upon the government and upon the Indians." Yankton Chief Medicine Cow testified that Government Agents were the cause of the Minnesota problems. What those agents did in Minnesota was a harbinger of the history coming for the other tribes of the plains.
While in the Senate,President Ulysses S. Grant offered Howe the position of Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. However,Howe declined the offer because he feared his successor to the Senate would be a Democrat. Howe lost his senate seat in 1879 to fellow Republican Matthew H. Carpenter. In 1881,he was appointed United States Postmaster General by President Chester A. Arthur,a position he held until his death in Kenosha,Wisconsin,on March 25,1883.
|General Election,November 7,1848|
|Democratic||James Duane Doty||5,746||50.34%|
|Whig||Timothy O. Howe||3,338||29.24%|
|Free Soil||Stoddard Judd||2,330||20.41%|
|Democratic win (new seat)|
|General Election,November 6,1849|
|Whig||Timothy O. Howe||10,757||34.59%||-7.71%|
|Free Soil||John Bannister||3,985||12.81%|
Walter Atwood Burleigh was an American physician, lawyer, and pioneer. He represented the Dakota Territory as a non-voting delegate to the United States House of Representatives.
Matthew Hale Carpenter was an American attorney and U.S. Senator representing the state of Wisconsin. He served in the Senate from 1869 to 1875 and again from 1879 to 1881. Recognized as an authority on constitutional law, he made some of the most important legal arguments of 19th-century America. Carpenter presented cases before the U. S. Supreme Court involving such matters as states' rights and regulation of corporations.
Walter Quintin Gresham was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit and of the United States Circuit Courts for the Seventh Circuit and previously was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Indiana. He served as Postmaster General of the United States and United States Secretary of the Treasury under President Chester A. Arthur and as United States Secretary of State under President Grover Cleveland.
Lot Myrick Morrill was an American statesman who served as the 28th Governor of Maine, in the United States Senate, and as Secretary of the Treasury appointed by President Ulysses S. Grant. Morrill was an accomplished politician serving in several elected and appointed offices throughout his lifetime. Morrill, as Secretary of Treasury, was devoted to hard currency rather than paper money. He dedicated himself to serve the public good rather than party interests. Morrill was popularly received as Treasury Secretary by the American press and Wall Street, and was known for his financial and political integrity. Morrill was President Grant's fourth and last Secretary of the Treasury.
William Pitt Fessenden was an American politician from the U.S. state of Maine. Fessenden was a Whig and member of the Fessenden political family. He served in the United States House of Representatives and Senate before becoming Secretary of the Treasury under President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War. Fessenden then re-entered the Senate, where he died in office in 1869.
Jacob Collamer was an American politician from Vermont. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives, as Postmaster General in the cabinet of President Zachary Taylor, and as a U.S. Senator.
Lyman Trumbull was a lawyer, judge, and United States Senator from Illinois and the co-author of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
James Rood Doolittle was an American politician who served as a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin from March 4, 1857, to March 4, 1869. He was a strong supporter of President Abraham Lincoln's administration during the American Civil War.
David Davis was a United States senator from Illinois and associate justice of the United States Supreme Court. He also served as Abraham Lincoln's campaign manager at the 1860 Republican National Convention, engineering Lincoln's successful nomination for President by that party.
James Henry Howe was an American lawyer and Republican politician. He served one year as United States District Judge for the Eastern District of Wisconsin, appointed by President Ulysses S. Grant. Earlier in his career, he was the 7th Attorney General of Wisconsin and served as a Union Army colonel in the American Civil War. He was a nephew of U.S. Senator Timothy O. Howe, and was said to be "like a son" to him.
The 1866 and 1867 United States Senate elections were elections that saw the Republican Party gain two seats in the United States Senate as several of the Southern States were readmitted during Reconstruction, enlarging their majority.
Charles Rice Gill was an American lawyer, politician, and Union Army officer in the American Civil War. He was the 9th Attorney General of Wisconsin and represented northern Jefferson County in the Wisconsin State Senate for the 1860 and 1861 sessions. He also briefly served as U.S. Commissioner of Pensions under President Ulysses S. Grant.
The 1862 and 1863 United States Senate elections were elections during the American Civil War in which Republicans increased their control of the United States Senate. The Republican Party gained three seats, bringing their majority to two-thirds of the body. Also caucusing with them were Unionists and Unconditional Unionists, giving them a commanding majority.
Peter Percival Elder was an American politician, businessman, and newspaperman.
Elisha William Keyes was an American lawyer, politician, postmaster, and local judge. He was the 6th and 22nd Mayor of Madison, Wisconsin, and represented Dane County in the Wisconsin State Assembly. He was Postmaster of Madison from the end of the Civil War until the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt. He is most known for his eight years as Chairman of the Republican Party of Wisconsin and his work building a Republican Party political machine.
The 2016 Wisconsin Fall General Election was held in the U.S. state of Wisconsin on November 8, 2016. One of Wisconsin's U.S. Senate seats and all eight seats in the United States House of Representatives are up for election, as well as half of the Wisconsin Senate seats and all of the Wisconsin Assembly seats. The 2016 Fall Partisan Primary was held on August 9, 2016.