Timothy Rogers (1756–1834) was a Quaker settler. He is notable for founding Quaker settlements that eventually became Newmarket and Pickering in what is now Ontario, Canada.
Rogers was born into poverty in Lyme, Connecticut Colony, on May 22, 1756. His ties are to James Rogers (c. 1615-before 1687), whom is believed to have arrived in America before 1646 from Stratford, Warwickshire, England as part of the Puritan migration to New England. He was born out of wedlock to Timothy Rogers Sr. (1735-1774) and Mary Huntleyand treated like an orphan. He spent most of his childhood hired out to earn his own keep, and had only three weeks of formal education. Though raised in Baptist circles, in his early twenties, Rogers joined the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). Rogers and his wife pioneered farms in Danby, Vermont, Saratoga, New York, and then Ferrisburgh, Vermont. This was a common pattern in those days; the family would buy, or be granted, a plot of undeveloped land, develop it, then sell it and take the profits to buy a bigger plot.
In the mid-1790s, Rogers visited fellow Quakers such as Samuel Moore in Annapolis County, Nova Scotia, and Seth Coleman in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia,but he decided on Upper Canada for his next frontier adventure.
“In 1797 Timothy Rogers placed before his Monthly Meeting ‘a desire to go westward to look for some new settlements’. But he met with no encouragement from the overseers of the meeting so he dropped the subject for a time.”However, the sense of calling remained and “Rogers came to Yonge Street from Vermont in 1800…. He obviously liked what he saw, for he agreed to settle forty farms of two hundred acres each in the district. In the winter of 1800-1801, Rogers and his family moved, by sleigh in the dead of winter, to Yonge Street." This group of pioneers met all the conditions of land grants and by 1804, they were also recognized as an official meeting of the Religious Society of Friends. The Yonge Street settlement grew into the town of Newmarket.
In 1809, Rogers started a second Quaker colony in Pickering. He believed this was his calling in life. In his journal, he declared, “It is well known I have a great gift from the Lord to settle new country; I have settled eight new farms or plantations, laid out one town, where I went first. “There were already Quaker colonies at Pelham in the Niagara Peninsula and Adolphustown on the Bay of Quinte that had been started by refugees fleeing persecution by Patriots during the American Revolutionary War. Rogers saw the need to have a Quaker meeting house at a central location between Newmarket and the earlier colonies. The Meeting House at 17030 Yonge Street, built in 1810, still stands.
Rogers started by buying 800 acres and then moving “his family from Yonge Street to Duffin’s Creek, where he operated what was probably the first grist and saw mill in the township.”In 1810, he “went back to the United States and returned with another company of settlers who were settled in Pickering Township, east of Duffin’s Creek. For his services, Rogers received a grant of several hundred acres of land near the present village of Pickering.”
Rogers died in 1834, after 2 marriages and 21 children. He is buried in the Friends Cemetery at Mill Street south of Kingston Road in Ajax, Ontario. His journal has been re-published by the Canadian Friends Historical Association.
His descendants went on to become one of the leading families in telecommunications in Canada, including:
Another branch of his family is active in the Canadian Friends Historical Association.[ citation needed ]
Newmarket is a town and regional seat of the Regional Municipality of York in the Canadian province of Ontario. It is part of Greater Toronto in the Golden Horseshoe region of Southern Ontario. The name stems from the fact that the settlement was a "New Market", in contrast to York as the Old Market.
Pickering is a city located in Southern Ontario, Canada, immediately east of Toronto in Durham Region.
Edward Samuel "Ted" Rogers Jr., was a Canadian businessman and philanthropist who served as the president and CEO of Rogers Communications. He was the fifth-richest person in Canada in terms of net worth.
Edward Samuel Rogers Sr. was a Canadian inventor and pioneer in the radio industry who founded the Rogers Vacuum Tube Company and the CFRB radio station in Toronto, Ontario. His only child, Edward S. Rogers Jr., established Rogers Communications.
Samuel Lount was a blacksmith, farmer, magistrate and member of the Legislative Assembly in the province of Upper Canada for Simcoe County from 1834 to 1836. He was an organizer of the failed Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837, for which he was hanged as a traitor. His execution made him a martyr to the Upper Canadian Reform movement.
Pickering College is an independent, co-educational school for children in grades from Junior Kindergarten through grade 12. It is located in Newmarket, Ontario in Canada on a 17-hectare property on Bayview Avenue. The school accepts both day students and boarders.
Pickering Village is a former municipality and now a neighbourhood in the town of Ajax, within the Durham Region of Ontario, Canada. The Pickering Village derives its name from the former Pickering Township, which included the present-day town of Ajax and the city of Pickering. A small portion of the original settlement is now part of the Village East neighbourhood in the city of Pickering.
Edward Samuel Rogers III is a Canadian businessman who serves as the chairman of Rogers Communications. He is also the chairman of the Rogers Control Trust, which controls the majority of the voting shares of Rogers Communications.
David Willson (1778–1866) was a religious and political leader who founded the Quaker sect known as, 'The Children of Peace' or 'Davidites,' based at Sharon in York County, Upper Canada in 1812. As the primary minister to this group, he led them in constructing a series of remarkable buildings, the best known of which is the Sharon Temple, now a National Historic Site of Canada. A prolific writer, sympathizer and leader of the movement for political reform in Upper Canada, Willson, together with his followers, ensured the election of William Lyon Mackenzie, and both "fathers of Responsible Government", Robert Baldwin and Louis LaFontaine, in their riding.
Samuel Moore (1742–1822) is notable as a leader in the early establishment of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) in Maritime Canada, and as the progenitor of a number of civic, religious and political leaders in both Canada and the United States.
Abraham Stouffer is the founder of the town of Stouffville, Ontario.
The Children of Peace (1812–1889) was an Upper Canadian Quaker sect under the leadership of David Willson, known also as 'Davidites', who separated during the War of 1812 from the Yonge Street Monthly Meeting in what is now Newmarket, Ontario, and moved to the Willsons' farm. Their last service was held in the Sharon Temple in 1889.
Ebenezer Doan, Jr. (1772–1866) was the Master Builder or architect-contractor in charge of designing and building the Sharon Temple, a National Historic Site of Canada. Doan was a highly accomplished builder, as evidenced by the creative techniques used in the temple structure. Doan was an early Quaker immigrant from Bucks County, Pennsylvania who joined the Children of Peace in 1812. His first house (1819), drive shed and granary have now been relocated on the temple grounds and restored.
Samuel Hughes (1785–1856) was a prominent member of the Children of Peace, a reform politician in Upper Canada, and the president of Canada's first farmers cooperative, the Farmers' Storehouse Company. After the Rebellions of 1837 he rejoined the Hicksite Quakers and became a minister of note.
The Quakers immigrated from New York, the New England States and Pennsylvania. They are a pacifist religion, and during this period were also a "plain folk" rejecting all ornamentation in clothing, speech and meeting houses (churches). The Children of Peace were founded during the War of 1812 after a schism in York County. A further schism occurred in 1828, leaving two branches, "Orthodox" Quakers and "Hicksite" Quakers.
The Canadian Friends Historical Association (CFHA) has been active since 1972 in collecting and publishing the heritage and historical impact of Quakers in Canada. The Association is responsible for two publications, a quarterly newsletter and an annual Canadian Quaker History Journal, and one annual conference in September. The Association maintains a website at www.cfha.info.
Arthur Garratt Dorland was Canada's leading historian on the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) in Canada.
Alma Gould Dale, "a legendary figure in Canada history," founded the first monthly Quaker meeting in western Canada, at Hartney, Manitoba, in 1899. She represents the Quaker presence in Canada on one of the seventy-five panels in the Quaker Tapestry at Friends' House, in London, where she is credited with a major role in the growth of Quakerism in Canada from 1800 on. On the tapestry, she is depicted driving a palomino team to a Quaker settlement in western Canada, which she drove in all weather. She was well known as a dynamic speaker and was invited to speak in Canada, England, and New Zealand.
William Allen was an American Quaker minister, known as the only Black Quaker minister in 19th century Canada.
Duffins Creek is a waterway in the eastern end of the Greater Toronto Area in Ontario, Canada. The watershed of the Duffins Creek is part of the Durham Region and the York Region.