Sir Timothy Tyrrell (also spelled Tirrell; c. 1575–1632) was an Englishman who served as Master of the Buckhounds to Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales and King Charles I.
Tyrrell was born in Oakley, Buckinghamshire, the son of Sir Edward Tyrrell, Member of Parliament for Buckingham, by his second wife, Margaret. He was the brother of politician and judge Thomas Tyrrell.
He married Eleanor Kingsmill, daughter of Sir William Kingsmill (died 1618) of Sydmonton and Anne Wilkes, on 22 August 1613 in Marsworth, Buckinghamshire. They had seven children:
Tyrrell was granted the rangership of Shotover Forest after a freak hunting accident early in the 17th century, in which he was maimed by the teenaged Henry, Prince of Wales, eldest son of King James I. According to a chronicle of the unfortunate accident:
The estate belonged to the Crown. and was granted to the TyrreIls in recognition of the following incident. Sir Timothy Tyrrell, being Master of the Buck-hounds to Henry, Prince of Wales (son of James I), was shooting with the Prince in Shotover Forest, and, on holding the buck's head for the Prince to cut it off, the Prince cut Sir Timothy's hand in such a way as permanently to deprive him of the use of it. On Sir Timothy's next appearance at Court, the Prince granted him the Rangership of the Forests of Shotover and Stow Wood.
In 1613, following Prince Henry's death in 1612, King James confirmed the rangership of Shotover by letters patent for the duration of the lives of Timothy Tyrrell and his two sons, Timothy (Master of the Buckhounds to King Charles I) and William.
On 29 August 1624, King James knighted Tyrrell at Shotover while attending a sporting hunt. Tyrrell died in 1632.
Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales was the eldest son and heir apparent of James VI and I, King of England and Scotland, and his wife Anne of Denmark. His name derives from his grandfathers: Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, and Frederick II of Denmark. Prince Henry was widely seen as a bright and promising heir to his father's thrones. However, at the age of 18, he predeceased his father when he died of typhoid fever. His younger brother Charles succeeded him as heir apparent to the English, Irish and Scottish thrones.
Hester Grenville, 1st Countess Temple, 2nd Viscountess Cobham was an English noblewoman. She was the mother and grandmother of the Prime Ministers George Grenville and William Grenville.
Oakley is a village and civil parish in Aylesbury Vale district in Buckinghamshire, England. It has an area of 2,206 acres (893 ha) and includes about 400 households. The 2011 Census recorded the population as 1,007.
Francis Manners, 6th Earl of Rutland, KG (1578–1632) was an English nobleman. Despite a brief imprisonment for his involvement in the Essex Rebellion of 1601, he became prominent at the court of James I. He lived at Belvoir Castle in Leicestershire. In 1618 three women, the "Witches of Belvoir", were accused of witchcraft for having allegedly caused the deaths of his two young sons.
The Master of the Buckhounds was an officer in the Master of the Horse's department of the British Royal Household. The holder was also His/Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot. The role was to oversee a hunting pack; a buckhound is smaller than a staghound and used for coursing the smaller breeds of deer, especially fallow deer. The position was abolished by the Civil List Act 1901.
Sir Edmund Verney was an English politician, soldier and favourite of King Charles I. At the outbreak of the English Civil War he supported the Royalist cause and was killed at the Battle of Edgehill.
Charles Harbord, 5th Baron Suffield, was a British peer, courtier and Liberal politician. A close friend of Edward VII, he served as a Lord of the Bedchamber and Lord-in-waiting to the King. He also held political office as Master of the Buckhounds under William Gladstone between February and July 1886.
Sir Timothy Tyrrell (1617–1701), initially of Oakley, Buckinghamshire and later of Shotover, was of the Privy Chamber to King Charles I.
Charles Compton William Cavendish, 3rd Baron Chesham, styled The Honourable Charles Cavendish between 1863 and 1882, was a British soldier, courtier and Conservative politician. He served as the last Master of the Buckhounds under Lord Salisbury from 1900 to 1901.
Arthur Saunders Gore, 2nd Earl of Arran KP, PC (Ire) styled The Honourable Arthur Gore from 1758 to 1762 and Viscount Sudley from 1762 to 1773, was an Irish peer and politician.
James Tyrrell was an English author, Whig political philosopher, and historian.
Sir Thomas Salusbury, 2nd Baronet was a Welsh poet, politician and soldier, who supported King Charles I in English Civil War and was a colonel of a Royalist regiment.
Sir Walter Cope of Cope Castle in the parish of Kensington, Middlesex, England, was Master of the Court of Wards, Chamberlain of the Exchequer, public Registrar-General of Commerce and a Member of Parliament for Westminster.
Henry Grey, 1st Lord Grey of Groby was an English landowner, soldier, courtier, magistrate, county administrator, and member of parliament.
Sir Richard Pole, KG was a Welshman who was a supporter and close relation of King Henry VII. He was created a Knight of the Garter and was married to Margaret Plantagenet, Countess of Salisbury, a member of the Plantagenet dynasty: a marriage which reinforced the Tudor alliance between the houses of Lancaster and York.
Sir Edward Tyrrell was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1604 to 1606, as the Member of Parliament for Buckingham. He served as High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire from 1595–96.
Tyrrell or Tyrell is an Anglo-Irish surname.
Lieutenant-General James Tyrrell of Shotover, Oxfordshire, was a British Army officer and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1722 to 1742.
Shotover Park is an 18th-century country house and park near Wheatley, Oxfordshire, England. The house, garden and parkland are Grade I-listed with English Heritage, and 18 additional structures on the property are also listed. Shotover House, its gardens, parkland and the wider estate are privately owned by the Shotover Trust. Shotover Park which lies on the north and east slopes of Shotover hill should not be confused with the more recently named Shotover Country Park, which is a public park and nature reserve on the southwest slopes of Shotover hill managed by Oxford City Council.
William Kingsmill was an English landowner.