Timothy Yeats Brown (14 July 1789 – 3 February 1858) was an English banker and head of his family firm Brown, Cobb & Co. He became the British consul to Genoa from 1840 to 1857.
Born on 14 July 1789, the youngest and only surviving son of successful brewer and banker Timothy Brown and his second wife Sarah Huxham ( née Lowndes). He had an older half-sister Frances Elizabeth Brown, and three older sisters Sarah Elizabeth, Harriet, and Maria.
His father apprenticed him to Whitbread in 1803, in which he had acquired a one-third stake four years earlier.
In 1812 Yeats Brown married Mary Ann (or Anna Maria) Goldsmid, a Jewish convert to Anglicanism, and eldest daughter of prominent bill broker Benjamin Goldsmid. Evelyn Wrench wrote that Yeats Brown "was always amused by the banter of his friends who observed that he might very easily have had a Jewish grandmother". In 1814 he met Swiss metallurgist Johann Conrad Fischer, who was visiting England to see how iron and steel were manufactured there, and Yeats Brown showed him the "treasures of his valuable library".Mary Ann died in 1817, aged 27 and without issue, at Torno near Lake Como.
Yeats Brown lived at Manchester Square in Marylebone, and entertained many Italian liberals in London, which Wrench states probably later drew him to Italy.This included arranging for Federico Confalonieri to become a Freemason in 1818 in Cambridge. He got to know Ugo Foscolo, and when Yeats Brown left for the continent in the spring of 1821, Foscolo provided him with introductions to people in Switzerland and Italy, including Velo de Sette Comuni when he was about to visit Vicenza that year. In March 1821 he was in Milan when the Austrian police were arresting everyone suspected of plotting against the government. He saved Luigi Porro Lambertenghi by driving out of the city with Porro disguised as his footman. They returned to England in early 1822, where Yeats Brown vouched for Porro at the Alien Office.
Eleven years after the death of his first wife, he married Stuarta Erskine, daughter of David Erskine, 2nd Baron Erskine at the British Legation in Munich. Erskine was unable to give his daughter any financial help, with the dowry taking the form of two half crowns, which were later passed down in the family as mementos.Between 1832 and 1840 the couple lived on the Island of Palmaria in an old house built in 1504, the only large house on the island, where his son Montague "Monty" Yeats-Brown was born in 1834. The young family spent the winter on Palmaria, and the summer with Stuarta's father at his residence at the Bavarian lakes.
In 1840 Yeats Brown moved to Genoa to become British consul, taking up the post on 4 August of that year. Charles Dickens befriended Yeats Brown when he visited Genoa in 1845, performing a reading of A Christmas Carol to a select circle invited to meet him at the consulate; that reading is thought to have been Dickens' first outside his own home.Yeats Brown is said by Marrache to have played a significant part in the unification of Italy, and remained in post until 1857. He died on 3 February 1858, and was succeeded as consul to Genoa by his son Montague Yeats-Brown.
Ugo Foscolo, born Niccolò Foscolo, was an Italian writer, revolutionary and poet.
Count Federico Confalonieri was an Italian revolutionist.
Mocatta is a surname.
William Stewart Rose (1775–1843) was a British poet, translator and Member of Parliament, who held Government offices. From a Tory background, he was well-connected in the political and literary world, and made a mark by his championing of Italian poets and a burlesque style of verse based on their influence as satirists.
Andreas Kalvos was a Greek poet of the Romantic school. He published five volumes of poetry and drama - Canzone... (1811), Le Danaidi (1818), Elpis patridos (1818), Lyra (1824) and New odes (1826). He was a contemporary of the poets Ugo Foscolo and Dionysios Solomos. He was among the representatives of the Heptanese School of literature. No portrait of him is known to exist.
Goldsmid is the name of a family of Anglo-Jewish bankers who sprang from Aaron Goldsmid, a Dutch merchant who settled in England around 1763. Two of his sons, Benjamin Goldsmid and Abraham Goldsmid, began business together around 1777 as bill-brokers in London. They became great powers in the money market during the Napoleonic Wars through their dealings with the government. In 1810, Abraham Goldsmid was joint contractor with the Barings for a government loan, but owing to a depreciation of the scrip, he was forced into bankruptcy and committed suicide. His brother, in a fit of depression, had similarly taken his own life two years before. Both were noted for their public and private generosity, and both played major roles in funding and managing the Naval Asylum – later renamed the Royal Naval Asylum. Benjamin left four sons, the youngest being Lionel Prager Goldsmid, and a daughter Mary Ann Goldsmid who married Timothy Yeats Brown in 1812; Abraham left a daughter, Isabel Goldsmid.
Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid, 1st Baronet was a financier and one of the leading figures in the Jewish emancipation in the United Kingdom, who became the first British Jew to receive a hereditary title.
Major Francis Charles Claydon Yeats-Brown, DFC was an officer in the British Indian army and the author of the memoir The Lives of a Bengal Lancer, for which he was awarded the 1930 James Tait Black Memorial Prize.
Castello Brown is a historic house museum located high above the harbour of Portofino, northern Italy. Its site has been used for military defence since Roman times. As a Genoese coastal fort, it was called the Castello di San Giorgio.
Events from the year 1789 in Great Britain.
David Montagu Erskine, 2nd Baron Erskine was a British diplomat and politician.
The Cimitero monumentale di Staglieno is an extensive monumental cemetery located on a hillside in the district of Staglieno of Genoa, Italy, famous for its monumental sculpture. Covering an area of more than a square kilometre, it is one of the largest cemeteries in Europe.
Sir Julian Goldsmid, 3rd Baronet, DL, JP was a British lawyer, businessman and Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1866 and 1896.
Timothy Brown was an English banker, merchant and radical, known for his association with other radicals of the time, such as John Horne Tooke, Robert Waithman, William Frend, William Cobbett, John Cartwright and George Cannon; his political views gave him the nickname "Equality Brown". He was also one of the early partners of Whitbread, and became the master of the Worshipful Company of Brewers.
Roger Wilbraham FRS was a British Member of Parliament (MP), bibliophile, antiquary, local historian and a patron of science and the arts. He had an extensive library and he published work on the Cheshire dialect.
Montague "Monty" Yeats-Brown CMG was a 19th-century British diplomat in Genoa and Boston.
Count Luigi Renato Porro-Lambertenghi was an Italian nationalist, businessman, and politician. He was the son of politician and essayist Luigi Lambertenghi (1739–1813).
Enrico Emanuelli was an Italian novelist, essayist and journalist.
Balls Pond Road Cemetery, also known as Jewish Cemetery,Kingsbury Road Cemetery, Balls Pond Burial Ground and The Jewish Burial Ground, is a Jewish cemetery on Kingsbury Road, Canonbury, London N1. It was founded in 1843 and is owned by West London Synagogue. Prominent early members of that place of worship, such as the de Stern, Goldsmid and Mocatta families, are buried in this cemetery. Other notable burials include the ashes of Amy Levy, the first Jewish woman at Cambridge University and the first Jewish woman to be cremated in England. The last burial at the cemetery was in 1951. The cemetery has been Grade II listed since 2020.