Last updated
Tindfjallajokull from aeroplane.jpg
Highest point
Elevation 1,462 m (4,797 ft)
Coordinates 63°48′N19°35′W / 63.8°N 19.58°W / 63.8; -19.58
Location Iceland
Parent range Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Mountain type Stratovolcano
Last eruption Possibly Holocene

Tindfjallajökull (Icelandic pronunciation:  [ˈtʰɪntˌfjatlaˌjœːkʏtl̥] ) is a stratovolcano in the south of Iceland. [1] It has erupted rocks of basaltic to rhyolitic composition, and a 5-km-wide caldera was formed during the eruption of the 54,000-year-old Thórsmörk Ignimbrite. It is capped by a glacier of 19 km². [2] Its highest peak is Ýmir [ˈiːmɪr̥] (1462m), [2] [3] which takes its name from the giant Ýmir of Norse mythology. The most recent eruption was at an unknown time in the Holocene. [1]


The name means "Tindfjöll glacier". Tindfjöll ( [ˈtʰɪntˌfjœtl̥] , "peak mountains") is a ridge that extends to the south of the glacier.

The rivers that flow from the glacier are Hvítmaga [ˈkʰvitˌmaːɣa] to the north-east, Gilsá [ˈcɪlsˌauː] to the south, Þórólfsá [ˈθouːroul(f)sˌauː] to the south-west, Valá [ˈvaːlˌauː] to the north-west and Blesá [ˈplɛːsˌauː] to the north. Hvítmaga, Gilsá and Þórólfsá drain into Markarfljót while Valá and Blesá drain into Eystri Rangá [ˈeistrɪ ˈrauŋkˌauː] .

See also

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  1. 1 2 "Tindfjallajökull". Global Volcanism Program . Smithsonian Institution.
  2. 1 2 National Land Survey of Iceland (Icelandic) Archived 2007-04-29 at the Wayback Machine
  3. nat.is - Tindfjallajökull