Last updated
Commune and village
CountryFlag of Mali.svg  Mali
Region Tombouctou Region
Cercle Diré Cercle
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)
Climate BWh

Tindirma is a village and commune of the Cercle of Diré in the Tombouctou Region of Mali. As of 1998 the commune had a population of 3,419. [1]



Established in 1496, Tindirma was once a Jewish community founded by Iberian Sephardi Jews who had been expelled from Spain and Portugal. Jewish graves and structures still remain in Tindirma. [2] Tindirma quickly became an important trade and administrative town within the Songhai Empire, becoming the capital of the western provinces and the seat of the powerful Kurmina-fari. The town was destroyed by Askia Ishaq II in 1588 after a rebellion. [3]

In 1963, the ethnic consciousness of Jewish descendants living in Tindirma was revived after local fishermen wanted to built a village on top of the remains of Al Yahudi Cemetery, causing local Jews to rise up in strong opposition. [4]

See also

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  1. "Previsions de desserte des communes pour la periode de 2001-2005" (PDF). Mali Reforme Telecom. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 29, 2004. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
  2. "Beyond the Saharan Cloak: Uncovering Jewish Identity from Southern Morocco and throughout the Sahara" (PDF). Ufahamu: A Journal of African Studies . Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  3. Levtzion, Nehemiah (1977). "5 - The western Maghrib and Sudan". In Oliver, Ronald (ed.). The Cambridge History of Africa Volume 3: From c.1050 to c.1600. Cambridge University Press. p. 441. ISBN   9781139054577 . Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  4. "TINDERMA (Tindirma):". International Jewish Cemetery Project. Retrieved 2021-12-13.

16°08′N3°38′W / 16.133°N 3.633°W / 16.133; -3.633