Tingha, New South Wales

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Tingha
New South Wales
Tingha.JPG
Tingha entry sign
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
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Tingha
Coordinates 29°57′S151°13′E / 29.950°S 151.217°E / -29.950; 151.217
Population833 (2021 census) [1]
Established1885
Postcode(s) 2369
Elevation780 m (2,559 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Inverell Shire
County Hardinge
State electorate(s) Northern Tablelands
Federal division(s) New England
Swimming hole, Tingha Tingha (2).JPG
Swimming hole, Tingha
Main street, Tingha Tingha (1).JPG
Main street, Tingha

Tingha is a small town on the Northern Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia in Inverell Shire. [2] Formerly part of Armidale Region, on 1 July 2019, responsibility for Tingha was transferred from Armidale Regional Council to Inverell Shire Council. [3] [4] The town is 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of Inverell and 559 kilometres (347 mi) north-north-east of Sydney. Tingha is an Aboriginal word for "flat or level".

Contents

History

Before non indigenous settlement the area now known as Tingha was mainly lived upon by people from the Nucoorilma clan of the Gamilaroi Nation, which is an associated group of the Murri Aboriginal people. Many of their descendants still live in the surrounding area.

Tingha was first settled in 1841 by Sydney Hudson Darby and became a mining town after tin was discovered there in the 1870s. [5] Within a year Australia's first commercial tin mines were operating at a private settlement known as Armidale Crossing. Around 5,000 people arrived and about 1000 of the miners were Chinese. [6] [7] The Wing Hing Long Museum is a reminder of that heritage, being established in the 1880s as a general store by Chinese storekeeper, Ah Lin. [8] [9] Armidale Crossing Post Office opened on 1 September 1872 and was renamed Tingha the next month. [10]

The village was proclaimed a town in 1885. Initially there were enough readily accessible surface deposits to make a good living without using machinery as Chinese people did. The first school was established by the Sisters of St. Joseph in 1890. In the 1890s drought came to the district and the easily obtained deposits of tin were exhausted leading to a loss in population. [11]

By the early 1900s the mining boom was over and Tingha's population had dwindled to just a few hundred people. Shortly after this, large companies moved into the area to mine the less accessible tin. Dredges were used in mining operations in the area. [12]

The town was serviced by the Bundarra & Tingha Advocate newspaper, published in Bundarra, from 1900 to 1932. [13] It was also serviced by the Tingha Advocate and North-Western Journal , published in Tingha, from 1916 to 1932. [14]

Formerly part of the Guyra Shire and then the Armidale Region, on 1 July 2019, responsibility for Tingha was transferred from Armidale Regional Council to Inverell Shire Council. [15] [16]

Heritage listings

Tingha has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Today

The main industry nowadays is agriculture with some fossicking in the area. Tin dredging and mining has continued on a scale that varies according to international price fluctuations.

Tingha has a hospital, pre-school, primary school, caravan park, sports and recreation club, a first aid post, hotels plus other shops and services to supply daily needs. Tingha Tigers rugby league club have a large following and have produced several National Rugby League players. Tingha's "swimming hole" is a large man made pool which was once a mining excavation. [18] One of the main attractions around Tingha is "Green Valley Farm" Entertainment Park. In 2018, the town's residents voted for the town to become a part of Inverell Shire Council area.

In February 2019 a bushfire that commenced by a lightning strike burnt 23,419 hectares (57,870 acres) and destroyed 13 homes and 44 outbuildings. A further six homes and 13 outbuildings were also damaged by the fire. [19] [20]

Notable people

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References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Tingha (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 July 2008.
  2. "Tingha". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 4 August 2013. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  3. "It's official Tingha is on the move to Inverell". Armidale Regional Council. Armidale Regional Council. 8 February 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  4. "Tingha community joins Inverell Shire". Inverell Shire Council. 1 July 2019. Archived from the original on 13 August 2019. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  5. "Armidale, Guyra, Uralla, Walcha", June 2007
  6. "Tingha: The Chinese Question". Australian Town and Country Journal. 14 September 1878. p. 39. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  7. "Tingha, NSW". migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au. NSW Migration Heritage Centre. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  8. "Wing Hing Long Museum". mgnsw.org.au. Museums & Galleries of NSW. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  9. Janis Wilton. "Different Sights: Immigrants in New England: Ah Lin". hfrc.une.edu.au. University of New England. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  10. Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
  11. Reader's Digest Guide to Australian Places, Reader's Digest, Sydney
  12. "TIN DREDGING AT TINGHA". Sydney Morning Herald . 20 August 1907. p. 10. Retrieved 30 August 2023.
  13. "State Library of NSW Catalogue". State Library of New South Wales. State Library of New South Wales. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  14. "Tingha Advocate and North-Western Journal". 7 January 1916. p. 1. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  15. "It's official Tingha is on the move to Inverell". Armidale Regional Council. Armidale Regional Council. 8 February 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  16. "Tingha community joins Inverell Shire". Inverell Shire Council. 1 July 2019. Archived from the original on 13 August 2019. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  17. "Wing Hing Long & Co. Store". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Department of Planning & Environment. H01307. Retrieved 18 May 2018. CC BY icon.svg Text is licensed by State of New South Wales (Department of Planning and Environment) under CC-BY 4.0 licence .
  18. New England Holiday, Express Print, Armidale, nd
  19. Bedford, Matt (16 February 2019). "'Wall of fire' rips through NSW vineyard, destroying grapes on harvest day". ABC News. Australia.
  20. "Tingha devastated by fires" (PDF). Guyra Gazette. 20 February 2019. p. 1.

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Tingha travel guide from Wikivoyage