Tinker Creek (East Branch Tunkhannock Creek tributary)

Last updated
Tinker Creek
Physical characteristics
Source 
  locationunnamed lake near Lackawanna Mountain in Clifford Township, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania
  elevation1,899 feet (579 m)
Mouth  
  location
East Branch Tunkhannock Creek in Clifford Township, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania near Elkdale
  coordinates
41°40′57″N75°33′12″W / 41.68238°N 75.55335°W / 41.68238; -75.55335 Coordinates: 41°40′57″N75°33′12″W / 41.68238°N 75.55335°W / 41.68238; -75.55335
  elevation
1,194 feet (364 m)
Length4.3 miles (6.9 km)
Basin size5.02 square miles (13.0 km2)
Basin features
ProgressionEast Branch Tunkhannock Creek → Tunkhannock CreekSusquehanna RiverChesapeake Bay
Tributaries 
  leftone unnamed tributary
  rightone unnamed tributary

Tinker Creek is a tributary of East Branch Tunkhannock Creek in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 4.3 miles (6.9 km) long and flows through Clifford Township. The watershed of the creek has an area of 5.02 square miles (13.0 km2). The creek is not designated as an impaired waterbody and has no named tributaries. It is classified as Class A Wild Trout Waters.

Contents

Course

Tinker Creek begins in an unnamed lake near Lackawanna Mountain in Clifford Township. It flows south-southwest for a few tenths of a mile before turning west and entering a wetland. Here, the creek turns north for several tenths of a mile before receiving an unnamed tributary from the right and turning west-northwest. After a few tenths of a mile, it receives an unnamed tributary from the left and turns north-northwest for several tenths of a mile before heading in a westerly direction for more than a mile. The creek then turns northwest, and after a short distance, reaches its confluence with East Branch Tunkhannock Creek. [1]

Tinker Creek is approximately 4.3 miles (6.9 km) long. [1] The creek joins East Branch Tunkhannock Creek 11.80 miles (18.99 km) upstream of its mouth. [2]

Hydrology

Tinker Creek is not designated as an impaired waterbody. [3] The alkalinity concentration of the creek is 28 milligrams per liter (0.028 oz/cu ft). [4]

Geography and geology

The elevation near the mouth of Tinker Creek is 1,194 feet (364 m) above sea level. [5] The elevation near the creek's source is 1,899 feet (579 m) above sea level. [1]

The surficial geology along Tinker Creek in its lower reaches mainly includes a till known as Wisconsnain Till. Further upstream, the surficial geology along the creek consists mostly of alluvium, though there are various patches of Wisconsinnan Till, Wisconsinan Ice-Contact Stratified Drift, wetlands, lakes, and bedrock consisting of sandstone and shale. In the upper reaches, the surficial geology is mostly Wisconsinan Till, with some alluvium and wetland. [6]

Tinker Creek has been described as a small creek. [7]

Watershed

The watershed of Tinker Creek has an area of 5.02 square miles (13.0 km2). [2] The mouth of the creek is in the United States Geological Survey quadrangle of Clifford. However, its source is in the quadrangle of Forest City. [5] The creek's mouth is located within 1 mile (1.6 km) of Elkdale. [2]

The designated use for Tinker Creek is aquatic life. [3]

History

Tinker Creek was entered into the Geographic Names Information System on August 2, 1979. Its identifier in the Geographic Names Information System is 1189583. The creek is also known as Tinker Brook. [5] This variant name appears in a 1981 map of Susquehanna County created by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. [8]

In around 1800, David Burns settled near Tinker Creek on a road leading to Belmont. In about 1802, three brothers named Abner, Daniel, and Lemuel Norton settled near a road crossing the creek. [7]

A steel stringer/multi-beam or girder bridge carrying State Route 2012 over Tinker Creek was built in Clifford Township in 1941 and is 37.1 feet (11.3 m) long. [9] In 2013, this bridge was slated to be given a weight restriction of 25 tons (or 34 tons for combination loads). [10]

Biology

Wild trout naturally reproduce in Tinker Creek from its upper reaches downstream to its mouth. [11] The creek is classified by the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission as Class A Wild Trout Waters for brook trout from its upper reaches downstream to its mouth. [4]

The drainage basin of Tinker Creek is classified as a Coldwater Fishery. However, its existing use is as a High-Quality Coldwater Fishery. [12]

See also

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Monroe Creek (Tunkhannock Creek tributary)

Monroe Creek is a tributary of Tunkhannock Creek in Susquehanna County and Wyoming County, in Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 6.1 miles (9.8 km) long and flows through Springville Township in Susquehanna County and Nicholson Township in Wyoming County. The watershed of the creek has an area of 6.64 square miles (17.2 km2). The creek is not designated as an impaired waterbody. The surficial geology in its vicinity consists mostly of alluvium, Wisconsinan Till, and other things. Its watershed is designated as a Coldwater Fishery and a Migratory Fishery.

Millard Creek is a tributary of Tunkhannock Creek in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. It is approximately 6.2 miles (10.0 km) long and flows through Harford Township and Lenox Township. The watershed of the creek has an area of 5.66 square miles (14.7 km2). The creek is not designated as an impaired waterbody. The surficial geology in its vicinity includes Wisconsinan Till, alluvium, wetlands, lakes, bedrock, and alluvial fan. The dominant land uses in the creek's watershed include forested land and agricultural land. A number of bridges have been constructed over the creek. Its drainage basin is designated as a Coldwater Fishery and a Migratory Fishery.

Tower Branch is a tributary of Tunkhannock Creek in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 4.8 miles (7.7 km) long and flows through Harford Township and Lenox Township. The watershed of the stream has an area of 3.69 square miles (9.6 km2). The stream is not designated as an impaired waterbody and has no named tributaries. The surficial geology in its vicinity consists mainly of Wisconsinan Till, alluvium, with some lakes, wetlands, bedrock, and alluvial fan. The stream's drainage basin is classified as a Coldwater Fishery and a Migratory Fishery.

Bell Creek (Tunkhannock Creek tributary)

Bell Creek is a tributary of Tunkhannock Creek in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 5.2 miles (8.4 km) long and flows through Gibson Township. The watershed of the creek has an area of 5.64 square miles (14.6 km2). The surficial geology the creek's vicinity includes Wisconsinan Till, alluvium, bedrock, wetlands, lakes, and alluvial fan. It has no named tributaries, but does flow through a lake known as Potter Lake. A bridge on the National Register of Historic Places crosses Bell Creek as well. The creek's watershed is designated as a Coldwater Fishery and a Migratory Fishery.

Bear Swamp Creek is a tributary of Tunkhannock Creek in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 4.3 miles (6.9 km) long and flows through Gibson Township and Clifford Township. The watershed of the creek has an area of 3.92 square miles (10.2 km2). The creek has no named tributaries, and is not designated as an impaired waterbody. It does pass through a wetland known as Bear Swamp. The drainage basin of the creek is designated as a Coldwater Fishery and a Migratory Fishery.

Rock Creek is a tributary of Tunkhannock Creek in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 3.8 miles (6.1 km) long and flows through Herrick Township, Ararat Township, and Gibson Township. The watershed of the creek has an area of 3.76 square miles (9.7 km2). The creek has no named tributaries and is not designated as an impaired waterbody. It is classified as Class A Wild Trout Waters.

Little Creek is a tributary of East Branch Tunkhannock Creek in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 3.0 miles (4.8 km) long and flows through Herrick Township and Clifford Township. The watershed of the creek has an area of 4.56 square miles (11.8 km2). The creek has one unofficially named tributary, which is known as Tinker Hollow. Little Creek is designated as Class A Wild Trout Waters. The surficial geology in its vicinity mainly consists of Wisconsinan Till and alluvium.

Tinker Hollow is a tributary of Little Creek in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 1.0 mile (1.6 km) long and flows through Clifford Township. The watershed of the stream has an area of 1.33 square miles (3.4 km2). The stream is not designated as an impaired waterbody and has wild trout naturally reproducing within it. The surficial geology in its vicinity includes Wisconsinan Till, alluvium, Wisconsinan Ice-Contact Stratified Drift, bedrock, and a lake.

Dundaff Creek is a tributary of East Branch Tunkhannock Creek in Susquehanna County and Lackawanna County, in Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 6.7 miles (10.8 km) long and flows through Clifford Township in Susquehanna County and Greenfield Township in Lackawanna County. The watershed of the creek has an area of 10.3 square miles (27 km2). The creek has no named tributaries and is not designated as an impaired waterbody.

Idlewild Creek is a tributary of East Branch Tunkhannock Creek in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 5.1 miles (8.2 km) long and flows through Clifford Township. The watershed of the creek has an area of 8.14 square miles (21.1 km2). The creek is not designated as an impaired waterbody and has no named tributaries. A 68.4 acres (27.7 ha) lake known as Lake Idlewild is located in the creek's watershed. Wild trout naturally reproduce in the creek.

References

  1. 1 2 3 United States Geological Survey, The National Map Viewer , retrieved August 2, 2016
  2. 1 2 3 Pennsylvania Gazetteer of Streams (PDF), November 2, 2001, p. 141, retrieved August 2, 2016
  3. 1 2 United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2006 Waterbody Report for Tinker Creek , retrieved August 2, 2016
  4. 1 2 Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission (July 2016), Class A Wild Trout Waters (PDF), p. 28, retrieved August 2, 2016
  5. 1 2 3 Geographic Names Information System, Feature Detail Report for: Tinker Creek , retrieved August 2, 2016
  6. Duane D. Braun (2008), Surficial geology of the Clifford 7.5-minute quadrangle, Susquehanna and Lackawanna Counties, Pennsylvania, p. 14, retrieved August 2, 2016
  7. 1 2 Emily C. Blackman (1873), History of Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, pp. 386, 388, ISBN   9780788447235 , retrieved August 2, 2016
  8. Geographic Names Information System, Variant Citation , retrieved August 2, 2016
  9. Susquehanna County , retrieved August 2, 2016
  10. Kyle Wind (August 29, 2013), "PennDOT starts posting bridges, causing worries about inconvenience, higher prices and public safety", Time Times Tribune , retrieved August 2, 2016
  11. Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission (July 2016), Pennsylvania Wild Trout Waters (Natural Reproduction) - July 2016 (PDF), p. 87, retrieved August 2, 2016
  12. Statewide Existing Use Classifications Susquehanna County (PDF), July 10, 2013, p. 7, retrieved August 2, 2016