Tinker Glacier

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Antarctica relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Location Victoria Land
Coordinates 74°00′S164°50′E / 74.000°S 164.833°E / -74.000; 164.833
Terminus Wood Bay

The Tinker Glacier ( 74°00′S164°50′E / 74.000°S 164.833°E / -74.000; 164.833 ) is a 25 nautical miles (46 km; 29 mi) long glacier in Antarctica, draining the central part of the Southern Cross Mountains and flowing southeast into Wood Bay, on the coast of Victoria Land. Named by the Northern Party of the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE), 1962–63, for Lieutenant Colonel Ron Tinker, leader at Scott Base during that season. [1]

Contents

Geography

Tinker Glacier in south center of map C73193s5 Ant.Map Mount Murchison.jpg
Tinker Glacier in south center of map
Tinker Glacier Tongue to northeast C74193s5 Ant.Map Mount Melbourne.jpg
Tinker Glacier Tongue to northeast

Tinker Glacier forms in the Southern Cross Mountains to the south of the Schulte Hills, and flows south past Mount Jiracek to the west, running parallel to Aviator Glacier to the east. Burns Glacier joins from the west. [2] The Clausnitzer Glacier joins from the west before the Harrow Peaks. Tinker glacier forms the Tinker Glacier Tongue when it flows past Cape Johnson into Wood Bay of the Ross Sea. [3]

Features

Named features, from north to south, include:

Burns Glacier

73°57′S164°15′E / 73.950°S 164.250°E / -73.950; 164.250 . A tributary glacier, 12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi) long, flowing north along the east side of Pinckard Table to enter the southwest side of Tinker Glacier. Mapped by USGS from surveys and United States Navy air photos, 1955-63. Named by US-ACAN for John P. Burns, radioman with the McMurdo Station winter parties of 1963 and 1967. [4]

Clausnitzer Glacier

74°02′S164°41′E / 74.033°S 164.683°E / -74.033; 164.683 . A tributary glacier flowing east from Random Hills to enter Tinker Glacier just north of Harrow Peaks. Mapped by USGS from surveys and United States Navy air photos, 1955-63. Named by US-ACAN for Frazer W. Clausnitzer, ionospheric physics scientist at McMurdo Station, winter 1966. [5]

Tinker Glacier Tongue

74°06′S165°02′E / 74.100°S 165.033°E / -74.100; 165.033 . The seaward extension of the Tinker Glacier, projecting into the northwest corner of Wood Bay. The name was suggested by US-ACAN in association with Tinker Glacier. [1]

Related Research Articles

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The Amundsen Glacier is a major Antarctic glacier, about 7 to 11 km wide and 150 km (80 nmi) long. It originates on the Antarctic Plateau where it drains the area to the south and west of Nilsen Plateau, then descends through the Queen Maud Mountains to enter the Ross Ice Shelf just west of the MacDonald Nunataks.

The Deep Freeze Range is a rugged mountain range, over 80 nautical miles long and about 10 nautical miles wide, rising between Priestley and Campbell Glaciers in Victoria Land, Antarctica, and extending from the edge of the polar plateau to Terra Nova Bay.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Priestley Glacier</span> Glacier in Antarctica

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Lillie Glacier is a large glacier in Antarctica, about 100 nautical miles long and 10 nautical miles wide. It lies between the Bowers Mountains on the west and the Concord Mountains and Anare Mountains on the east, flowing to Ob' Bay on the coast and forming the Lillie Glacier Tongue.

Tucker Glacier is a major valley glacier of Victoria Land, Antarctica, about 90 nautical miles long, flowing southeast between the Admiralty Mountains and the Victory Mountains to the Ross Sea. There is a snow saddle at the glacier's head, just west of Homerun Range, from which the Ebbe Glacier flows northwestward.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ferrar Glacier</span> Glacier in Antarctica

Ferrar Glacier is a glacier in Antarctica. It is about 35 nautical miles long, flowing from the plateau of Victoria Land west of the Royal Society Range to New Harbour in McMurdo Sound. The glacier makes a right (east) turn northeast of Knobhead, where it where it is apposed, i.e., joined in Siamese-twin fashion, to Taylor Glacier. From there, it continues east along the south side of Kukri Hills to New Harbor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Usarp Mountains</span> Mountain range in Antarctica

The Usarp Mountains are a major mountain range in North Victoria Land, Antarctica. They are west of the Rennick Glacier and trend north to south for about 190 kilometres (118 mi). The mountains are bounded to the north by Pryor Glacier and the Wilson Hills.

The Aviator Glacier is a major valley glacier in Antarctica that is over 60 nautical miles long and 5 nautical miles wide, descending generally southward from the plateau of Victoria Land along the west side of Mountaineer Range, and entering Lady Newnes Bay between Cape Sibbald and Hayes Head where it forms a floating tongue.

Borchgrevink Glacier is a large glacier in the Victory Mountains, Victoria Land, Antarctica. It drains south between Malta Plateau and Daniell Peninsula, and thence projects into Glacier Strait, Ross Sea, as a floating glacier tongue.

Lennox-King Glacier is a large valley glacier, about 40 nautical miles (70 km) long that flows east into the Ross Ice Shelf.

Southern Cross Mountains is the name applied to the group of ranges lying between the Mariner Glacier and Priestley Glacier in Victoria Land, Antarctica.

The Mariner Glacier is a major glacier over 60 nautical miles long, descending southeast from the plateau of Victoria Land, Antarctica, between Mountaineer Range and Malta Plateau, and terminating at Lady Newnes Bay, Ross Sea, where it forms the floating Mariner Glacier Tongue.

Nansen Ice Sheet is a 30 nautical miles long by 10 nautical miles wide ice shelf. It is nourished by the Priestley and Reeves Glaciers and abuts the north side of the Drygalski Ice Tongue, along the coast of Victoria Land, Antarctica. This feature was explored by the South Magnetic Polar Party of the British Antarctic Expedition, 1907-09 and by the Northern Party of the British Antarctic Expedition, 1910-13. Frank Debenham, geologist with the latter expedition, applied the name Nansen Sheet as the feature is adjacent to Mount Nansen, the dominating summit in the area.

Wood Bay is a large bay which is bounded by Cape Johnson and Aviator Glacier Tongue on the north, and Cape Washington on the south, along the coast of Victoria Land, Antarctica. It was discovered in 1841 by Captain James Clark Ross, Royal Navy, and named by him for Lieutenant James F.L. Wood of the ship HMS Erebus.

Rennick Glacier is broad glacier, nearly 200 nautical miles long, which is one of the largest in Antarctica. It rises on the polar plateau westward of Mesa Range and is 20 to 30 nautical miles wide, narrowing to 10 nautical miles near the coast. It takes its name from Rennick Bay where the glacier reaches the sea.

Campbell Glacier is a glacier, about 60 nautical miles long, originating near the south end of Mesa Range and draining southeast between the Deep Freeze Range and Mount Melbourne to discharge into north Terra Nova Bay in Victoria Land, Antarctica. The lower end of the glacier was observed by the Northern Party, led by Lieutenant Victor Campbell, Royal Navy, of the British Antarctic Expedition, 1910–13. It was named for the leader of this party. The extent of the glacier and its discharge into north Terra Nova Bay, rather than the Nansen Ice Sheet, was determined by United States and New Zealand survey parties to the area in 1961–62 and 1962–63.

Starshot Glacier is a glacier 50 nautical miles (90 km) long that flows through the Churchill Mountains to enter the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica.

The Random Hills are a group of rugged hills in Victoria Land, Antarctica. They are bounded on the west by Campbell Glacier and on the east by Tinker Glacier and Wood Bay. They are centered about 15 nautical miles ) north-northwest of Mount Melbourne.

The Reeves Glacier is a broad glacier originating on the interior upland and descending between Eisenhower Range and Mount Larsen to merge with the Nansen Ice Sheet along the coast of Victoria Land, Antarctica.

References

  1. 1 2 Alberts 1995, p. 749.
  2. Mount Murchison USGS.
  3. Mount Melbourne.jpg USGS.
  4. Alberts 1995, p. 106.
  5. Alberts 1995, p. 139.

Sources

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Geological Survey .