Tinno, Lahaul

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Location in Himachal Pradesh, India
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Tinno (India)
Coordinates: 32°34′48″N77°7′48″E / 32.58000°N 77.13000°E / 32.58000; 77.13000 Coordinates: 32°34′48″N77°7′48″E / 32.58000°N 77.13000°E / 32.58000; 77.13000
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Himachal Pradesh
District Lahaul and Spiti
3,200 m (10,500 ft)
  Official Hindi
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
potato field in Tinno Potato crop1.jpg
potato field in Tinno
Solar light in village Solar light.jpg
Solar light in village
Medicinal water collected at Zong gompa Water medicinal at gompa.jpg
Medicinal water collected at Zong gompa

Tinno is a village in Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. It is around 14 km from Keylong, which is district headquarters. The village is along Manali-Leh Highway on left bank of Bhaga river, which originates from Suraj Taal lake. It has a total of 29 families residing in the village. The Tinno village has a population of 125, of which 59 are males while 66 are females as per Population Census 2011. In 2011, the literacy rate of Tinno village was 82.35%. In Tinno male literacy stands at 87.72% while female literacy rate was 77.42%. [1] [2] As per constitution of India and Panchyati Raaj Act, Tinno village is administrated by a Sarpanch who is elected representative of village.


Losar is celebrated as new year in Tinno and the entire Todh valley of lahaul. Halda is prepared on first day of Losar. Halda means firelight. The Atal tunnel will provide all weather connectivity to lahaul valley and tinno. Excavation work for the tunnel will complete in 2017 and tunnel will be opened to public in 2019. [3] The village is being illuminated by solar lights at night. There are 12 solar light points at different places in the village.


Guru Rinpoche at Tinno Monastery Guru rinpoche.jpg
Guru Rinpoche at Tinno Monastery
Stupa at tinno village Chhorten1.jpg
Stupa at tinno village
Diyas at tinno monastery Diyas at gompa.jpg
Diyas at tinno monastery

Buddhism is followed throughout tinno village. Tambarigya is the religious ceremony for well being of village and local people. Soldev is the religious ceremony of good omen for the village and to discard evil spirits from the village. These ceremonies are performed by buddhist Lamas. Zong gompa is the monastery of the village. It is situated above the village in between the mountains. There is a statue of Guru Padamsambhava(Guru Rinpoche) in the monastery which is being worshiped by the villagers. Water is being collected drop by drop in Zong Gompa(monastery) tinno. This water remains fresh like holy Ganges. It has medicinal value which cures eye diseases. A Rabne(Prana Pratishtha) of Thangka was performed at Tinno village. The 9th Kyabje Drukpa Choegon Rinpoche Tenzin Chokyi Gyatso performed Rabne on 9 June, 2018 and Tsewang Tsetub(Dirghayu Abhishek) was given to people of Tinno and of surrounding villages on 10 June 2018.


Phea, a bear-like animal that eats crops and remains in hibernation during winter, is found in the village Tinno. The paw of ibex creates vacuum and it easily climbs the hills.

Agriculture and Vegetation

Bhoj patra tree in tinno village Bhoj patra1.jpg
Bhoj patra tree in tinno village
Green peas crop Green peas plantation.jpg
Green peas crop

Potato, green peas and cauliflower are the main agricultural items here. Sea buckthorn trees grew naturally here but now are being planted by villagers also. Sea buckthorn(Hippophae salicifolia) studied in the Tinno village are best for the commercial cultivation because it bears few thorns and have bigger fruit size(28-32g/100 fruit). [4] Other vegetation includes Betula utilis(bhojpatra), juniper, eucalyptus tree and willow trees. Fields are being irrigated through sprinkler system and through PVC pipes. Old system of flow channel is now outdated.


Bridge connecting Tinno village to Manali-Leh National Highway Tinno bridge.jpg
Bridge connecting Tinno village to Manali-Leh National Highway

There is bus service for village tinno at morning 8:30 AM for Kullu and evening 5:00 PM for Yotse. Bhunter Airport(IATA code KUU) is the nearest airport to Tinno. Manali is at a distance of 50 km (31 mi) from Bhunter town. Tinno is at a distance of 138 km (86 mi) from Manali along Leh-Manali highway. The Atal tunnel will shorten the distance by 46 km (29 mi). Total Length of Atal Tunnel is 8.845 km and bypasses Rohtang pass. It is horse shoe shaped, single tube, two lane tunnel with 8 meters of roadway. Drill & Blast method of tunneling with New Austrian Tunneling Method (NATM) philosophy is being used for the construction of the Atal Tunnel. [5]

Related Research Articles

Kullu is a district in Himachal Pradesh, India. It borders Rampur district to the south, Mandi and Kangra districts to the west, and the Lahaul and Spiti district to the north and east. The largest valley in this mountainous district is the Kullu Valley. The Kullu valley follows the course of the Beas River, and ranges from an elevation of 833m above sea level at Aut to 3330m above sea level at the Atal Tunnel South Portal, below the Rohtang Pass. The town of Kullu, or simply Kullu, located on the right side of the Beas River, serves as the administrative headquarters of the Kullu district. The Kullu district also incorporates several riverine tributary valleys of the Beas, including those of the Parvati, Sainj, and Tirthan rivers, and thus some regions somewhat distant from the Kullu valley. The economy of the district relies mainly on horticulture, agriculture, tourism, and traditional handicrafts.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rohtang Pass</span> Mountain pass

Rohtang Pass is a high mountain pass on the eastern end of the Pir Panjal Range of the Himalayas around 51 km (32 mi) from Manali in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It connects the Kullu Valley with the Lahaul and Spiti Valleys of Himachal Pradesh, India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lahaul and Spiti district</span> District of Himachal Pradesh in India

The Lahaul and Spiti district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh consists of the two formerly separate districts of Lahaul and Spiti. The present administrative centre is Kyelang in Lahaul. Before the two districts were merged, Kardang was the capital of Lahaul, and Dhankar the capital of Spiti. The district was formed in 1960, and is the fourth least populous district in India . It is the least densely populated district of India, according to the Census of India 2011.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Manali, Himachal Pradesh</span> Town in India

Manali is a town, near Kullu town in Kullu district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is situated in the northern end of the Kullu Valley, formed by the Beas River. The town is located in the Kullu district, approximately 270 kilometres (170 mi) north of the state capital of Shimla and 544 kilometres (338 mi) northeast of the national capital of New Delhi. With a population of 8,096 people recorded in the 2011 Indian census Manali is the beginning of an ancient trade route through Lahaul (H.P) and Ladakh, over the Karakoram Pass and onto Yarkand and Hotan in the Tarim Basin of China. Manali is a popular tourist destination in India and serves as the gateway to the Lahaul and Spiti district as well as the city of Leh in Ladakh.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kyelang</span> Town in Himachal Pradesh, India

Kyelang is a town and the administrative centre of the Lahaul and Spiti district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, 71 kilometres (44 mi) north of Manali via Atal Tunnel and 120 km (75 mi) from the Indo-Tibetan border. It is located along the Manali-Leh Highway, about 7 km northeast of intersection of the Chandra, Bhaga, and Chenab valleys, on the banks of Bhaga River.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kullu</span> Town in Himachal Pradesh, India

Kullu is a municipal council town that serves as the administrative headquarters of the Kullu district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is located on the banks of the Beas River in the Kullu Valley about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of the airport at Bhuntar, Kullu.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pir Panjal Range</span> Mountain range of the Lower Himalayas

The Pir Panjal Range is a group of mountains in the Lesser Himalayan region, running from east-southeast (ESE) to west-northwest (WNW) across the Indian territories of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir and then Pakistan's Azad Kashmir and Punjab. The average elevation varies from 1,400 m (4,600 ft) to 4,100 m (13,500 ft). The Himalayas show a gradual elevation towards the Dhauladhar and Pir Panjal ranges. Pir Panjal is the largest range of the Lesser Himalayas. Near the bank of the Sutlej River, it dissociates itself from the Himalayas and forms a divide between the Beas and Ravi rivers on one side and the Chenab on the other. The renowned Galyat mountains are also located in this range.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hemis</span> Village in Ladakh, India

Hemis, also spelled Hamis, is a village in the Leh district of Ladakh, India. It is located in the Kharu tehsil, 40 km southeast of Leh town on the Leh-Manali Highway and under-construction Bilaspur–Leh line.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Spiti</span> River valley in Himachal Pradesh

Spiti is a high-altitude region of the Himalayas, located in the north-eastern part of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The name "Spiti" means "The middle land", i.e. the land between Tibet and India. Spiti incorporates mainly the valley of the Spiti river, and the valleys of several rivers that feed into the Spiti river. Some of the prominent side-valleys in Spiti are the Pin valley and the Lingti valley. Spiti is bordered on the east by Tibet, on the north by Ladakh, on the west and southwest by Lahaul, on the south by Kullu, and on the southeast by Kinnaur. The valley and its surrounding regions are among the least populated regions of India. Spiti has a cold desert environment. The Bhoti-speaking local population follows Tibetan Buddhism.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Leh–Manali Highway</span> High elevation mountain highway in India

The Leh–Manali Highway is a 428 km (266 mi) long highway in northernmost India connecting Leh, the capital of the union territory of Ladakh, to Manali in the state of Himachal Pradesh. It connects the Manali Solang valley to the Lahaul and Spiti valleys in Himachal Pradesh and the Zanskar valley in Ladakh. It is open for about six months in a year, from first week of May to October, when snowfall again blocks the high passes on the highway. However, the Lahaul valley now remains connected to Manali for most part of the year through already completed Atal tunnel. With the completion of proposed Shingo La Tunnel on new route through Zanskar valley, targeted to be completed by 2025, the whole Leh-Manali route will become all-weather road.

The development of tribal areas in Himachal Pradesh is one of the major steps taken by the state government for its economic development. The border districts of Kinnaur, Lahaul, Spiti and the Pangi and Bharmour tehsils of Chamba districts are the major tribal areas of the state. They are located near the borders of Tibet and Indian States of Jammu and Kashmir. Other backward areas include Shillai in Sirmaur district, and deep cut-off valleys in the Kullu and upper stretches of Kangra districts. Due to poor accessibility, life in these areas had grown in isolation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sissu</span> Town in Himachal Pradesh, India

Sissu is a small town in the Lahaul valley of Himachal Pradesh in India. It is around 40 km from Manali and located on the right bank of Chandra river. It is located at 32°29′0″N77°7′0″E. It is 3,120 m above sea level. It is 14 km from Koksar to the south-east and 11 km. west to Gondhla.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kaza, Himachal Pradesh</span> Town in Himachal Pradesh, India

Kaza, also spelled Kaze, Karze, Karzey, is a town and the subdivisional headquarters of the remote Spiti Valley in the western Himalayas in the Lahaul and Spiti district of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Spiti is a high altitude or cold desert having close similarities to the neighbouring Tibet and Ladakh regions in terms of terrain, climate and the Buddhist culture. Kaza, situated along the Spiti River at an elevation of 3,650 metres (11,980 ft) above mean sea level, is the largest township and commercial center of the Spiti valley.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gandhola Monastery</span> Tibetan Buddhist monastery near Kyelang, Himachal Pradesh, India

Gandhola Monastery is about 18 kilometres (11 mi) before Keylong in Lahaul and Spiti district, Himachal Pradesh, India on the road from Manali, Himachal Pradesh. It is located on a hill above Tupchiling Village at the sacred junction of the Chandra and Bhaga rivers, which together form the Chandrabhaga or Chenab River. The village is at 3,160 m (10,370 ft) and is famous for its 7-storey tower fort.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Atal Tunnel</span> Highway tunnel of the Himalayas

Atal Tunnel, named after former Prime Minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee is a highway tunnel built under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas on the Leh-Manali Highway in Himachal Pradesh, India. At a length of 9.02 km, it is the longest highway single-tube tunnel above 10,000 feet (3,048 m) in the world. With the existing Atal Tunnel and after the completion of under-construction Shinku La Tunnel, which is targeted to be completed by 2025, the new Leh-Manali Highway via Nimmu–Padum–Darcha road will become all-weather roads.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Darcha</span> Village in Himachal Pradesh, India

Darcha also known as Dartse is a pair of villages on the Bhaga River in the Lahaul sub-division in the Lahaul and Spiti district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is the northernmost permanent settlement in Himachal Pradesh along the Manali-Leh Highway. With the opening of the Atal Tunnel, Darcha is likely to see a large influx of tourists as it is now connected to Manali throughout the year. The Nimmu–Padam–Darcha road which is being constructed, will improve connectivity of Kargil, Zanskar and Leh District of Ladakh to Darcha.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kibber</span> High-altitude village in Himachal Pradesh, India

Kibber, also Kibber Khas and Khyipur, is a village high in the Spiti Valley in the Himalayas at 4,270 m (14,010 ft) in Himachal Pradesh in northern India. It contains a monastery and is a base for visiting the Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary. It is located 19 km (12 mi) from Kaza and a bus service connects them in the summer months. Agriculture forms the backbone of the local economy and lush green fields are abundant. It is the base for visitors to the Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary, home to about 30 snow leopards. Treks to neaby peaks and to a high pass in the Zanskar range between Spiti and Ladakh start from Kibber.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Koksar</span> Village in Himachal Pradesh, India

Koksar is one of the villages in Lahaul Mandal in Lahaulspiti District in Himachal Pradesh state in Northern India. Koksar meaning is Alpine, Big, Colossal, Gigantic, Highland, Huge, Mammoth, Tall and Towering. Koksar is about 19 km from Rohtang Pass, and 7 km from North Portal of Atal Tunnel Rohtang. Koksar is the coldest place in Lahaul. It is mostly snowed-in during winters but during the summer months, the PWD Rest House and Eating places are in business. It is a mountainous area from which views and pathways for hiking can be seen. It is 340 km from its state capital Shimla and 70 km from Manali.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tourism in Himachal Pradesh</span> Tourism in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh

Tourism in Himachal Pradesh relates to tourism in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. This is popularly renowned for its Himalayan landscapes and popular hill-stations. Many outdoor activities such as rock climbing, mountain biking, paragliding, ice-skating, trekking, rafting, and heli-skiing are popular tourist attractions in Himachal Pradesh.

Lata Thakur was an MLA from the Lahaul and Spiti Assembly Constituency in the 1972 Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly. She belonged to the Indian National Congress.


  1. "Tinno, Lahaul". censusindia.gov.in.
  2. "Tinno village". census2011.co.in.
  3. "Tinno Himachal location". google.co.in.
  4. Morsel, Jorg-Thomas; Zubarev, Yury; Eagle, David, eds. (2014). "Chapter 22:New findings on morphological variations and co-relationships of characteristics among various natural populations of Seabuckthorn(Hippophae L.) growing in 5 districts of Himachal Pradesh, north-west Himalayas, India". Seabuckthorn Research for a promising crop. p. 140. ISBN   9783732299867.
  5. "hillpost 2016/05 rohtang-tunnel-work". hillpost.in.