26 March 1933
|Occupation(s)||Film director and screenwriter|
|Height||1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)|
(m. 1957;died 2006)
|Awards|| Venice Film Festival: |
Best Italian Film
1971. For La Vacanza.
Award of Excellence
2012. For Brass' early works.
Giovanni "Tinto" Brass (born 26 March 1933) is an Italian film director and screenwriter. In the 1960s and 1970s, he directed many critically acclaimed avant-garde films of various genres. Today, he is mainly known for his later work in the erotic genre, with films such as Caligula , Così fan tutte (released under the English title All Ladies Do It), Paprika , Monella (Frivolous Lola) and Trasgredire .
In the 1960s and 1970s, Brass was considered a promising experimental and avant-garde director, and his debut film Who Works Is Lost got very favorable reviews after screening at Venice Film Festival 1963. [ unreliable source? ] offered Brass the job of directing A Clockwork Orange , which did not happen due to scheduling conflicts. In an article about the filming of Dropout from 1970, he was called the "Antonioni of the 70s". His early period has been referred to as "rebellios[ sic ], anarchistic and experimental".In 1964, he was commissioned by Umberto Eco to create two short films experimenting with visual language for the 13th Triennale di Milano – Tempo Libero and Tempo Lavorativo. Throughout the 1960s and early 1970s, Brass directed films in many genres, including western ( Yankee ) and crime ( Col cuore in gola ), all using a very experimental editing- and camera-style. In 1968, Warner Bros.
L'urlo was shown in competition at Berlin Film Festival 1970. [ unreliable source? ] In 1972, Brass was a member of the jury at the 22nd Berlin International Film Festival.La Vacanza , starring Vanessa Redgrave and Franco Nero won the prize of the film critics for the best Italian film at 1971 Venice Film Festival.
After Salon Kitty (1976) and Caligula (1979), the style of his films gradually changed towards erotic films. Caligula was originally supposed to be a satire on power instead of an erotic film, but the producers changed and re-edited the film entirely without Brass's consent, removing many political and comical scenes, and shooting sexually explicit sequences, to make the film a pornographic drama. The director demanded that his name be stricken from the credits, and he is only credited for "Principal Photography".Despite this, the film remains his most widely viewed work (and the highest-grossing Italian film released in the United States). Other notable works of Brass's later period include The Key (1983) and Senso '45 (2002). He was making films into his seventies.
Brass' films since his early works follow an impressionistic style – they tend not to show immense landscapes, but bits and pieces of the scenery and peripheral characters and objects through pans and zooms, thus imitating how the viewer might see the events if he were actually present. This also gives the films an extraordinarily rapid pace. He often uses a television-like multicam method of shooting, with at least three cameras running at once, each focusing on something different.
There are many other directorial trademarks throughout his films. From Salon Kitty onwards, mirrors play a large part in the set design. Sometimes he even goes as far as to begin a scene with a mirror shot, then pan over to the action being reflected, giving a disorienting feeling. His erotic films – especially The Key, Miranda and All Ladies Do It – often accentuate women's ample buttocks and pubic hair as well as underarm hair.
Brass' films in the 1980s and early 1990s had mainly been adaptations of famous literary works usually in the erotic genre, namely The Key (La chiave), The Mistress of the Inn (Miranda), the novel Le lettere da Capri by Mario Soldati ( Capriccio ), the novel Snack Bar Budapest by Marco Lodoli and Silvia Bre (eponymous), Fanny Hill (Paprika), and the novel L'uomo che guarda by Alberto Moravia ( The Voyeur ), while 2002 film Senso '45 is an adaptation of Senso , previously filmed by Luchino Visconti.
Many of Brass' works qualify as period drama set during World War II (Salon Kitty and Senso '45, set in Berlin and Asolo respectively), in postbellum Italy (Miranda and Capriccio), antebellum Italy (The Key), and in 1950s Italy (Paprika and Monella).
Brass almost always works in a cameo for his friend Osiride Pevarello and himself as well. He was also featured as the presenter in the direct-to-video erotic short films compilation Tinto Brass presenta Corti Circuiti Erotici released in four volumes in 1999.
Brass' nickname Tintoretto (later shortened to Tinto) was given by his grandfather Italico Brass, a renowned Gorizian painter.
He was married to Carla Cipriani (b. 1930, nicknamed "Tinta"), from 1957 until her death in 2006. Carla was the daughter of Harry's Bar founder Giuseppe Cipriani, who managed the restaurant Locanda Cipriani on the Venetian island of Torcello and also collaborated as a screenwriter in Brass's films. The couple had a daughter, Beatrice, and a son, Bonifacio.
After his wife's death, Brass began a relationship with lawyer Caterina Varzi (b. 1961) who starred in his 2009 short film Hotel Courbet. They married in 2017.
As of 2010, Brass is politically affiliated with the Italian Radicals.
On 18 April 2010, he suffered an intracranial hemorrhage.
In 2012, Hollywood Reel Independent Film Festival did a retrospective on Brass' early 1960s and 1970s films, screening newly restored versions.The restorations were done in collaboration with Alexander Tuschinski, who in recent years researched Brass' 1960s/1970s works and has been called "the foremost scholastic authority on Tinto Brass".
|1963||Chi lavora è perduto||In capo al mondo|
|1964||Ça ira - Il fiume della rivolta||Thermidor||documentary film|
|1964||La mia signora||My Wife||segments: "L'uccellino", "L'automobile"|
|1964||Il disco volante||The Flying Saucer|
|1967||Col cuore in gola||I Am What I Am|
|1971||La vacanza||The vacation||also Producer|
|1972||I Miss Sonia Henie||—||short film|
|1983||La Chiave||The Key|
|1985||Miranda||The Mistress of the Inn|
|1987||Capriccio||Love & Passion, Capri Remembered|
|1988||Snack Bar Budapest||—|
|1992||Così fan tutte||All Ladies Do It|
|1994||L'uomo che guarda||The Voyeur|
|1995||Fermo posta Tinto Brass||P.O. Box Tinto Brass||also actor|
|2001||SCTMV (Sono come tu mi vuoi)||Know what this is about?||Short film; Producer only|
|2002||Senso '45||Black Angel|
|2003||Fallo!||Do It!, Private|
|2008||Kick the Cock||—||short film|
|2009||Hotel Courbet||—||short film; also Producer|
|2022||Chi ha ucciso Caligola||Who Killed Caligula?||pre-production|
Caligula is a 1979 erotic historical drama film focusing on the rise and fall of the Roman Emperor Caligula. The film stars Malcolm McDowell in the title role, alongside Teresa Ann Savoy, Helen Mirren, Peter O'Toole, John Steiner and John Gielgud. Producer Bob Guccione, the founder of Penthouse magazine, intended to produce an erotic feature film narrative with high production values and name actors.
Bleu Nuit is a television series that was broadcast late night on the Télévision Quatre Saisons, or TQS, television network in Quebec, Canada, from 1986 until 2007. The content of the series was softcore pornography, mostly European films. The series was popular with both francophones and anglophones living in Quebec, as well as in other provinces in Canada that received the network. Bleu Nuit was considered a part of Quebec culture.
Lasse Braun was an Italian pornographer, film director, producer, screenwriter, novelist and researcher.
Paprika is a 1991 Italian film directed by Tinto Brass. The film is loosely based on John Cleland's novel Fanny Hill, first published in 1748.
Nazi exploitation is a subgenre of exploitation film and sexploitation film that involves Nazis committing sex crimes, often as camp or prison overseers during World War II. Most follow the women in prison formula, only relocated to a concentration camp, extermination camp, or Nazi brothel, and with an added emphasis on sadism, gore, and degradation. The most infamous and influential title is a Canadian production, Ilsa, She Wolf of the SS (1974). Its surprise success and that of Salon Kitty and The Night Porter led European filmmakers, mostly in Italy, to produce similar films, with just over a dozen being released over the next few years. Globally exported to both cinema and VHS, the films were critically attacked and heavily censored, and the sub-genre all but vanished by the end of the seventies.
John Steiner was an English actor. Tall, thin and gaunt, he attended the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and performed on-stage for the Royal Shakespeare Company, but was best known to audiences for his roles in Italian films, several of which became cult classics.
Teresa Ann Savoy, FRSA was a British actress who appeared in a number of Italian films.
Maria Michi was an Italian supporting actress who worked with Roberto Rossellini on his two early neorealism masterpieces: Rome, Open City and Paisà.
Domiziano Arcangeli was an Italian actor, producer and writer best known for low-budget independent, and particularly exploitation, films.
Miranda is a 1985 Italian erotic drama film directed by Tinto Brass. It is loosely based on the three-act comedy La locandiera by Carlo Goldoni.
Salon Kitty is a 1976 erotic-war-drama film directed by Tinto Brass. The film was coproduced by Italy, France and West Germany. It is based on the novel of the same name by Peter Norden, covering the real life events of the Salon Kitty operation, under which the Sicherheitsdienst took over an expensive brothel in Berlin, had the place wire tapped, and replaced all the prostitutes with trained spies, in order to gather information on various members of the Nazi party and foreign dignitaries.
Sabrina Barsotti, best known as Emanuelle Cristaldi, is an Italian actress and pornographic actress.
The Key is an Italian erotic film directed by Tinto Brass. Set in Venice under the fascist regime in the early months of 1940, it recounts a tale of a voluptuous woman in her forties who is unable to respond to her husband but undergoes a belated sexual awakening with her daughter's fiancé, which enables her to please her husband at last. The film caused scandal in some quarters because it contains several explicit shots of nudity and sex scenes involving the well-known actress Stefania Sandrelli. However, the film ultimately obtained a decent level of commercial success.
Action is a 1980 Italian black comedy directed by Tinto Brass. The film is reminiscent of the director's earlier avant-garde low-budget works such as The Howl and Nerosubianco.
Malisa Longo is an Italian actress, model and writer.
Alexander Tuschinski is a German film director, film producer, writer, actor and musician. Internationally, he is best known for his feature films which have won awards at various film festivals. His documentary "Caligari in the Desert" was a submission to the 91st Academy Awards. Additionally, he is known for his academic writing on the early works of Tinto Brass. Notably, his research into, and interest in, Brass's work on Caligula was examined in his feature documentary Mission: Caligula. At the documentary's premiere, Penthouse announced plans to work with Tuschinski on a new cut of Caligula that aims to restore and finish Brass's original version of the film. Though 85 minutes of his original workprint will be used, it remains unclear if Brass himself will be involved in finishing the film's edit.
Osiride Pevarello was an Italian actor. His brother is Renzo Pevarello.
Senso '45 is an Italian erotic drama film written and directed by Tinto Brass, based on the novella Senso by Camillo Boito, which also inspired Luchino Visconti's 1954 film.
Maria Pia Fusco was an Italian screenwriter and journalist.
Franco Branciaroli is an Italian actor, stage director and writer.