Tioga County, New York

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Tioga County
Tioga County Courthouse NY Feb 09.jpg
Tioga County Courthouse
Tioga County, NY Flag.gif
Seal of Tioga County, New York.png
Map of New York highlighting Tioga County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of New York
New York in United States.svg
New York's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°10′N76°18′W / 42.17°N 76.30°W / 42.17; -76.30
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of New York.svg  New York
Founded1791
Seat Owego
Largest village Waverly
Area
  Total523 sq mi (1,350 km2)
  Land519 sq mi (1,340 km2)
  Water4.3 sq mi (11 km2)  0.8%
Population
 (2020)
  Total48,455 [1]
  Density93.4/sq mi (36.1/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 22nd, 23rd
Website www.tiogacountyny.com

Tioga County /tˈɡə/ is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2020 census, the population was 48,455. [2] Its county seat is Owego. [3] Tioga County is part of the Binghamton metropolitan area.

Contents

The county's name is a corruption of Iroquois De-yoh-ho-gah, meaning "at the forks" or "where it forks." [4]

History

As the number of residents increased in the region, in 1789 Montgomery County was reduced in size by the founding of Ontario County from some of its territory. The area taken from Montgomery County at that time was much larger than the present Ontario County, also including present-day Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne counties.

In 1791 Tioga County was founded by another division of territory from Montgomery County (also founded then were Herkimer and Otsego counties. Tioga County was at this time much larger than the present county, including present-day Broome and Chemung counties and parts of Chenango and Schuyler counties.

Tioga County was reduced in size in 1798 by the splitting-off of Chemung County (which also included part of the present Schuyler County and by the combination of a portion with a portion of Herkimer County to create Chenango County. In 1806 it was further reduced by the splitting-off of Broome County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 523 square miles (1,350 km2), 519 square miles (1,340 km2) of which is land and 4.3 square miles (11 km2) (0.8%) of which is water. [5]

Tioga County is in southwest New York State, west of Binghamton and directly north of the border with Pennsylvania. The Susquehanna River flows into Pennsylvania from this county. The county is considered part of the Southern Tier region of New York State.

The highest elevation is an unnamed 1,994-foot (608 m) hill in the county's northern corner. The lowest is 720 feet (220 m) on the state line where the Susquehanna flows into Pennsylvania.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1800 7,109
1810 7,89911.1%
1820 16,971114.8%
1830 27,69063.2%
1840 20,527−25.9%
1850 24,88021.2%
1860 28,74815.5%
1870 30,5726.3%
1880 32,6736.9%
1890 29,935−8.4%
1900 27,951−6.6%
1910 25,624−8.3%
1920 24,212−5.5%
1930 25,4805.2%
1940 27,0726.2%
1950 30,16611.4%
1960 37,80225.3%
1970 46,51323.0%
1980 49,8127.1%
1990 52,3375.1%
2000 51,784−1.1%
2010 51,125−1.3%
2020 48,455−5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790–1960 [7] 1900–1990 [8]
1990–2000 [9] 2010–2020 [2]

2020 Census

Tioga County Racial Composition [10]
RaceNum.Perc.
White (NH)44,19591.2%
Black or African American (NH)4340.9%
Native American (NH)620.12%
Asian (NH)3700.8%
Pacific Islander (NH)120.02%
Other/Mixed (NH)2,2654.7%
Hispanic or Latino 1,1172.3%

2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 51,125 people living in the county, with 22,203 housing units, of these 20,350 (91.3%) occupied, 1,853 (8.3%) vacant. The population density was 98 inhabitants per square mile (38/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% White, 0.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

2000

As of the census of 2000, there were 51,784 people, 19,725 households, and 14,320 families living in the county. The population density was 100 inhabitants per square mile (39/km2). There were 21,410 housing units at an average density of 41 units per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.52% White, 0.54% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population. 16.6% were of German, 16.4% English, 14% Irish, 9.6% Italian, 5% Polish and 4% Dutch ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.9% spoke English and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 19,725 households, out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.00% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,266, and the median income for a family was $46,509. Males had a median income of $32,161 versus $23,653 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,673. About 6.0% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over. There were 8,784 men of military age residing in the county.

Communities

Towns

Villages

Census-designated places

Hamlet

Politics

United States presidential election results for Tioga County, New York [11]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 14,79159.08%9,63438.48%6112.44%
2016 13,26059.46%7,52633.75%1,5136.79%
2012 12,11756.13%8,93041.36%5422.51%
2008 12,53654.20%10,17243.98%4231.83%
2004 13,76257.58%9,69440.56%4461.87%
2000 12,23954.50%9,17040.83%1,0484.67%
1996 9,41644.24%8,76941.20%3,09714.55%
1992 9,28740.26%7,79133.78%5,98725.96%
1988 12,67060.49%8,10238.68%1740.83%
1984 14,85671.36%5,86028.15%1010.49%
1980 10,29153.56%6,69034.82%2,23311.62%
1976 11,82462.58%6,96936.89%1000.53%
1972 13,39670.84%5,47028.93%440.23%
1968 10,44161.58%5,33631.47%1,1796.95%
1964 7,14740.68%10,41159.26%90.05%
1960 12,57272.12%4,85527.85%40.02%
1956 11,95878.95%3,18821.05%00.00%
1952 11,79978.19%3,25921.60%320.21%
1948 8,67370.16%3,38527.38%3042.46%
1944 8,93469.85%3,83129.95%250.20%
1940 9,61869.91%4,08129.66%590.43%
1936 9,16367.18%4,30531.56%1721.26%
1932 8,04765.27%4,06732.99%2141.74%
1928 9,96376.89%2,77921.45%2161.67%
1924 7,83472.47%2,23420.67%7426.86%
1920 6,77271.20%2,40625.30%3333.50%
1916 3,37652.78%2,74842.96%2724.25%
1912 2,64241.08%2,40037.31%1,39021.61%
1908 4,24758.55%2,70637.30%3014.15%
1904 4,62859.99%2,84036.82%2463.19%
1900 4,74759.09%3,03737.80%2503.11%
1896 4,84961.06%2,82435.56%2683.37%
1892 4,22154.76%2,92337.92%5647.32%
1888 4,85254.69%3,60940.68%4114.63%
1884 4,36752.29%3,37940.46%6057.24%

See also

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waverly, Tioga County, New York</span> Village in New York, United States

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Owego, New York</span> Town in Tioga County, New York, US

Owego is a town in Tioga County, New York, United States. The population was 18,728 at the 2020 census. The name is derived from the Iroquois word Ahwaga, meaning "where the valley widens".

Spencer is a town in Tioga County, New York, United States. The population was 2,976 at the 2020 census. The town and its primary village are named after Ambrose Spencer. It lies on the western border of the county and is south of Ithaca. Inside the town is the Village of Spencer. The village of Candor borders the town to the east and southeast, with Waverly to the southwest and Van Etten to the west, while Danby is to the north.

References

  1. "US Census 2020 Population Dataset Tables for New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2022.
  2. 1 2 "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Tioga County, New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2022.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. Donehoo, G. P. (2019). A History of the Indian Villages and Place Names in Pennsylvania. United States: Papamoa Press.
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  8. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 19, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  10. "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Tioga County, New York".
  11. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved April 30, 2018.

Further reading