Tioga County, New York

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Tioga County
Tioga County Courthouse NY Feb 09.jpg
Tioga County Courthouse
Seal of Tioga County, New York.png
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Tioga County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of New York
New York in United States.svg
New York's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°10′N76°18′W / 42.17°N 76.3°W / 42.17; -76.3
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of New York.svg  New York
Founded1791
Seat Owego
Largest village Waverly
Area
  Total523 sq mi (1,350 km2)
  Land519 sq mi (1,340 km2)
  Water4.3 sq mi (11 km2)  0.8%
Population
 (2010)
  Total51,125
  Density99/sq mi (38/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 22nd, 23rd
Website www.tiogacountyny.com

Tioga County /tˈɡə/ is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 51,125. [1] Its county seat is Owego. [2] Its name derives from an American Indian word meaning "at the forks", describing a meeting place.

Contents

Tioga County is part of the Binghamton, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting-off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne counties.

Tioga County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery County (the others being Herkimer and Otsego Counties) in 1791. Tioga County was at this time much larger than the present county, also including the present Broome and Chemung counties and parts of Chenango and Schuyler counties.

Tioga County was reduced in size in 1798 by the splitting-off of Chemung County (which also included part of the present Schuyler County and by the combination of a portion with a portion of Herkimer County to create Chenango County. In 1806 it was further reduced by the splitting-off of Broome County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 523 square miles (1,350 km2), of which 519 square miles (1,340 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11 km2) (0.8%) is water. [3]

Tioga County is in southwest New York State, west of Binghamton and directly north of the border with Pennsylvania. The Susquehanna River flows into Pennsylvania from this county. The county is considered part of the Southern Tier region of New York State.

The highest elevation is an unnamed 1,994-foot (607.8 m) hill in the county's northern corner.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1800 7,109
1810 7,89911.1%
1820 16,971114.8%
1830 27,69063.2%
1840 20,527−25.9%
1850 24,88021.2%
1860 28,74815.5%
1870 30,5726.3%
1880 32,6736.9%
1890 29,935−8.4%
1900 27,951−6.6%
1910 25,624−8.3%
1920 24,212−5.5%
1930 25,4805.2%
1940 27,0726.2%
1950 30,16611.4%
1960 37,80225.3%
1970 46,51323.0%
1980 49,8127.1%
1990 52,3375.1%
2000 51,784−1.1%
2010 51,125−1.3%
2018 (est.)48,560 [4] −5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [5]
1790-1960 [6] 1900-1990 [7]
1990-2000 [8] 2010-2013 [1]

2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 51,125 people living in the county, with 22,203 housing units, of these 20,350 (91.3%) occupied, 1,853 (8.3%) vacant. The population density was 98 people per square mile (38/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% White, 0.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

2000

As of the census of 2000, there were 51,784 people, 19,725 households, and 14,320 families living in the county. The population density was 100 people per square mile (39/km2). There were 21,410 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.52% White, 0.54% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population. 16.6% were of German, 16.4% English, 14% Irish, 9.6% Italian, 5% Polish and 4% Dutch ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.9% spoke English and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 19,725 households, out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.00% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,266, and the median income for a family was $46,509. Males had a median income of $32,161 versus $23,653 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,673. About 6.0% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over. There were 8784 men of military age residing in the county.

Communities

Towns

Villages

Census-designated place

Hamlet

Politics

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results [9]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 59.1%14,79138.5% 9,6342.5% 617
2016 59.5%13,26033.8% 7,5266.8% 1,513
2012 56.1%12,11741.4% 8,9302.5% 542
2008 54.2%12,53644.0% 10,1721.8% 423
2004 57.6%13,76240.6% 9,6941.9% 446
2000 54.5%12,23940.8% 9,1704.7% 1,048
1996 44.2%9,41641.2% 8,76914.6% 3,097
1992 40.3%9,28733.8% 7,79126.0% 5,987
1988 60.5%12,67038.7% 8,1020.8% 174
1984 71.4%14,85628.2% 5,8600.5% 101
1980 53.6%10,29134.8% 6,69011.6% 2,233
1976 62.6%11,82436.9% 6,9690.5% 100
1972 70.8%13,39628.9% 5,4700.2% 44
1968 61.6%10,44131.5% 5,3367.0% 1,179
1964 40.7% 7,14759.3%10,4110.1% 9
1960 72.1%12,57227.9% 4,8550.0% 4
1956 79.0%11,95821.1% 3,1880.0% 0
1952 78.2%11,79921.6% 3,2590.2% 32
1948 70.2%8,67327.4% 3,3852.5% 304
1944 69.9%8,93430.0% 3,8310.2% 25
1940 69.9%9,61829.7% 4,0810.4% 59
1936 67.2%9,16331.6% 4,3051.3% 172
1932 65.3%8,04733.0% 4,0671.7% 214
1928 76.9%9,96321.5% 2,7791.7% 216
1924 72.5%7,83420.7% 2,2346.9% 742
1920 71.2%6,77225.3% 2,4063.5% 333
1916 52.8%3,37643.0% 2,7484.3% 272
1912 41.1%2,64237.3% 2,40021.6% 1,390
1908 58.6%4,24737.3% 2,7064.2% 301
1904 60.0%4,62836.8% 2,8403.2% 246
1900 59.1%4,74737.8% 3,0373.1% 250
1896 61.1%4,84935.6% 2,8243.4% 268
1892 54.8%4,22137.9% 2,9237.3% 564
1888 54.7%4,85240.7% 3,6094.6% 411
1884 52.3%4,36740.5% 3,3797.2% 605

See also

Related Research Articles

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Barton, New York Town in New York, United States

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Richford, New York Town in New York, United States

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Tioga, New York Town in New York, United States

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Newark Valley is a town in Tioga County, New York, United States. The population was 3,946 at the 2010 census. The town is named after the city of Newark, New Jersey.

Owego is a town in Tioga County, New York, United States. The population was 19,883 at the 2010 census. The name is derived from the Iroquois word Ahwaga, meaning where the valley widens.

Spencer, New York Town in New York, United States

Spencer is a town in Tioga County, New York, United States. The population was 3,153 at the 2010 census. The town and its primary village are named after Ambrose Spencer. It lies on the western border of the county and is south of Ithaca, New York. Inside the town is the Village of Spencer. The village of Candor borders the town to the east and south east, with Waverly to the southwest, Van Etten to the west, Danby to the North.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  4. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  5. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  6. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  7. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 19, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  8. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  9. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 30 April 2018.

Coordinates: 42°10′N76°18′W / 42.17°N 76.30°W / 42.17; -76.30