Tioughnioga River

Last updated
Tioughnioga River
Tiohujodha, Onondaga
Native name
Country United States
State New York
County Cortland, Broome County, New York
Physical characteristics
Source East Branch Tioughnioga, West Branch Tioughnioga
  location Cortland, New York
  coordinates 42°36′15″N76°09′32″W / 42.60417°N 76.15889°W / 42.60417; -76.15889
Mouth Chenango River
Chenango Forks, New York
42°14′12″N75°50′35″W / 42.23667°N 75.84306°W / 42.23667; -75.84306
879 ft (268 m)
Length34 mi (55 km)

The Tioughnioga River [1] ( /t.əˈnɡə/ ) [2] is a 34.2-mile-long (55.0 km) [3] tributary of the Chenango River in central New York in the United States. It drains a dissected plateau area east of the Finger Lakes at the northernmost edge of the watershed of the Susquehanna River.


The name comes from a native word for "forks of the river" or "meeting of waters". The river was also called "Tiohujodha" by the Moravian Indians. At one time it was called the Onondaga, as leading to that town, and Teyoghagoga was another early form. [4]

It rises in two branches in upstate New York southeast of the city of Syracuse, with the East Branch sometimes regarded as the main branch. The West Branch, 15.6 miles (25.1 km) long, [3] issues from Tully Lake, approximately 2 miles (3 km) south of Tully on the Onondaga-Cortland county line, and flows south.

The Tully Valley is a preglacial valley of a northward flowing river that flowed into the Ontarian River (preglacial Lake Ontario). Near Tully, during the glacial retreat, the valley was dammed by ice to form a lake. For a period of time the retreating of the front by melting matched the forward movement of the glacier, so that the captured rock, gravel and sand was deposited into the lake. This huge quantity of material approximately half filled the valley, and reversed the flow direction to the southward. It left enormous quantities of gravel from Tully to Cortland, some of which was used as building material for Interstate 81. The gravel also forms a major aquifer for the area. Tully Lake is a glacial kettle, being formed by a large chunk of ice that was buried in the glacial debris. As the ice melted the land collapsed, causing a lake to form.

The East (main) Branch, 21.4 miles (34.4 km) long, [3] rises in northeastern Cortland County at the confluence of Tioughnioga Creek and the West Branch Tioughnioga Creek. The East Branch flows southwest, receiving the West Branch at Cortland.

The Tioughnioga River then flows south-southeast, receiving the Otselic River from the northeast at Whitney Point. It joins the Chenango from the northwest at Chenango Forks, approximately 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Binghamton.


See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Finger Lakes</span> Group of lakes in New York, United States

The Finger Lakes are a group of eleven long, narrow, roughly north–south lakes located south of Lake Ontario in an area called the Finger Lakes region in New York, in the United States. This region straddles the northern and transitional edge of the Northern Allegheny Plateau, known as the Finger Lakes Uplands and Gorges ecoregion, and the Ontario Lowlands ecoregion of the Great Lakes Lowlands.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Triangle, New York</span> Town in New York, United States

Triangle is a town in Broome County, New York, United States. The population was 2,946 at the 2010 census. The town's primary settlement is the village of Whitney Point.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Preble, New York</span> Town in New York, United States

Preble is a town in Cortland County, New York, United States. The population was 1,393 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Commodore Edward Preble, a naval hero.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scott, New York</span> Town in New York, United States

Scott is a town in Cortland County, New York, United States. The population was 1,176 at the 2010 census. The town was named after General Winfield Scott. It is in the northwestern corner of Cortland County and is northwest of the City of Cortland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Homer, New York</span> Town in New York, United States

Homer is a town in Cortland County, New York, United States of America. The population was 6,405 at the 2010 census. The name is from the Greek poet Homer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mohawk River</span> River in the U.S. state of New York

The Mohawk River is a 149-mile-long (240 km) river in the U.S. state of New York. It is the largest tributary of the Hudson River. The Mohawk flows into the Hudson in Cohoes, New York, a few miles north of the state capital of Albany. The river is named for the Mohawk Nation of the Iroquois Confederacy. A major waterway, in the early 19th century, the river's east-west valley provided the setting and water for development of the Erie Canal, as a key to developing New York. The largest tributary, the Schoharie Creek, accounts for over one quarter (26.83%) of the Mohawk River's watershed. Another main tributary is the West Canada Creek, which makes up for 16.33% of the Mohawk's watershed.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Glacial Lake Missoula</span> Prehistoric proglacial lake in Western Montana

Lake Missoula was a prehistoric proglacial lake in western Montana that existed periodically at the end of the last ice age between 15,000 and 13,000 years ago. The lake measured about 7,770 square kilometres (3,000 sq mi) and contained about 2,100 cubic kilometres (500 cu mi) of water, half the volume of Lake Michigan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Glacial geology of the Genesee River</span>

The Genesee River flows northward from its source in northern Pennsylvania to enter Lake Ontario at Rochester, New York.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chenango River</span> River in New York, United States

The Chenango River is a 90-mile-long (140 km) tributary of the Susquehanna River in central New York in the United States. It drains a dissected plateau area in upstate New York at the northern end of the Susquehanna watershed.

The Otselic River (aht-SEEL-ik), formerly known as Otselic Creek, is a 55.4-mile-long (89.2 km) tributary of the Tioughnioga River in central New York in the United States. It drains a hilly area, mostly forested and agricultural, east of the Finger Lakes at the northern edge of the Susquehanna River watershed.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boston Ten Townships</span>

The Boston Ten Townships refers to an area of 230,400 acres (932 km2) in Tioga County and Broome County, New York State, between the Chenango River and Tioughnioga River and the west branch of Owego Creek, from the Susquehanna River about twenty-five miles northwards; it includes the northern half of the town of Owego and the towns of Newark Valley, Berkshire, and Richford in Tioga County, and a portion of the Broome County towns of Lisle, Nanticoke and Maine east of these. It is bounded on the west by the Watkins and Flint Purchase and a small portion of the original Chemung County, and on the north by the Central New York Military Tract. The boundary between Tioga County and Broome County is very irregular.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New York State Route 41</span> State highway in central New York, US

New York State Route 41 (NY 41) is a north–south state highway in Central New York in the United States. The southern terminus of the route is at an interchange with NY 17 in the town of Sanford in Broome County, New York. Its northern terminus is at an intersection with U.S. Route 20 (US 20) in the village of Skaneateles. The route is almost 100 miles (161 km) long and passes through Broome, Chenango, Cortland, and Onondaga counties. NY 41 was assigned as part of the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York, replacing New York State Route 70 from Homer to Skaneateles. The route initially extended as far north as Jordan; however, NY 41 was cut back to its current northern terminus c. 1933.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ninemile Creek (Onondaga Lake tributary)</span> River in New York, United States

Ninemile Creek, also known as Nine Mile Creek, is a stream in Central New York in the United States. Its source is at Otisco Lake in the town of Marcellus, from where the creek runs northward for 21.75 miles (35.00 km) through the villages of Marcellus and Camillus to Onondaga Lake in the town of Geddes. Nine Mile Creek is a scenic stream noted for trout fishing.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tully, New York</span> Town in New York, United States

Tully is a town in Onondaga County, New York, United States. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 2,676. The name of the town is derived from the Roman orator Marcus Tullius Cicero. The town is on the county's southern border, south of Syracuse.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pond Creek (Little Wapwallopen Creek tributary)</span> River

Pond Creek is a tributary of Little Wapwallopen Creek in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 6.4 miles (10.3 km) long and flows through Slocum Township and Conyngham Township. The watershed of the creek has an area of 9.69 square miles (25.1 km2) and is part of the Lower North Branch Susquehanna drainage basin. A bridge was built over the creek in 1956. In the early 1900s, the Glen Brook Water Company planned to construct a dam on the creek. The surficial geology in the vicinity of Pond Creek includes Wisconsinan Till, alluvium, boulder alluvium, alluvial fan, and bedrock consisting of sandstone and shale, as well as some patches of wetland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kingsbury Brook</span> River

Kingsbury Brook is a tributary of Huntington Creek in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) long and flows through Huntington Township. The watershed of the stream has an area of 1.27 square miles (3.3 km2) and it has two unnamed tributaries. Wild trout naturally reproduce in the stream. The surficial geology in its vicinity mainly consists of alluvium, Wisconsinan Till, Wisconsinan Ice-Contact Stratified Drift, bedrock, and wetlands.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Butternut Creek (Limestone Creek tributary)</span> River in New York, United States

Butternut Creek is a stream in the greater Syracuse, New York area and a tributary of Limestone Creek, part of the Oneida Lake watershed. The creek is about 16 miles (26 km) long.

Lake Moraine is a mesotrophic lake located 2.5 miles (4.0 km) northeast of Hamilton, New York. The lake is 261 acres (1.06 km2), consisting of two basins which are separated by a causeway and interconnected by a culvert. The northern basin is 79 acres (0.32 km2) and is relatively shallow with a maximum depth of 12 feet (3.7 m) and average depth of 3.7 feet (1.1 m). The larger southern basin is 172 acres (0.70 km2) and has a maximum depth of 45 feet (14 m) and an average depth of 17.7 feet (5.4 m). Payne Brook is the lake's outflow that flows into the Chenango River.


  1. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Tioughnioga River
  2. TY-ə-NOH-gə. There are many variant pronunciations, including spelling pronunciations such as /tiˌɒfniˈɡə/ tee-OFF-nee-OH-gə.
  3. 1 2 3 U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed August 8, 2011
  4. Aboriginal place names of New York, By William Martin Beauchamp, page 51