Last updated
Bazar / ⴱⴰⵣⴰⵔ
(Roman Tipasa)
Algeria location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location in Algeria
Coordinates: 36°35′31″N2°26′58″E / 36.59194°N 2.44944°E / 36.59194; 2.44944 Coordinates: 36°35′31″N2°26′58″E / 36.59194°N 2.44944°E / 36.59194; 2.44944
Country Algeria
Province Tipaza
District Tipaza
Climate Csa
Tipaza Lighthouse OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Phare de Tipaza.JPG
Tipaza Lighthouse and the promontory
Constructed1867  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Foundationmasonry base
Constructionmasonry tower
Height13 m (43 ft)  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Shapequadrangular tower with balcony and lantern [1] [2] [3]
Markingswhite (tower), dark green (lantern)  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Power sourcemains electricity  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
OperatorNational Maritime Signaling Office  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Focal height34 m (112 ft)  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Range18 nmi (33 km; 21 mi)  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Characteristic Oc W 4s  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Official nameTipasa
Criteriaiii, iv
Designated1982 (6th session)
Reference no. 193
Region Arab States
Endangered 20022006

Tipaza (formerly Tefessedt, Chenoua-Berber: ⴱⴰⵣⴰⵔ Bazar, Arabic : تيپازة, romanized: Tīpāza) is the capital of the Tipaza Province, Algeria. When it was part of the Roman Empire, it was called Tipasa . The modern town was founded in 1857, and is chiefly remarkable for its ancient ruins and sandy littoral.



Ancient history

Tipasa, as the city was then called, was an old Punic trading-post conquered by Ancient Rome. It was subsequently turned into a military colony by the emperor Claudius for the conquest of the kingdoms of Mauretania. [4]

Afterwards it became a municipium called Colonia Aelia Tipasensis, that reached the population of 20,000 inhabitants in the fourth century according to Stéphane Gsell.

The city served as an important Christian hub during the last centuries of Roman governorship, with three basilicas.

Tipasa was destroyed by the Vandals in 430 CE, but was reconstructed by the Byzantines one century later. At the end of the seventh century the city was demolished by Umayyad forces and reduced to ruins. [5]

In the nineteenth century the place was settled again. Now it is a town of nearly 30,000 inhabitants. The city is an important tourist place in modern Algeria, mainly because of the Tipasa ruins.

Modern era

Near Tipaza, the Tipaza longwave transmitter broadcasts French language Channel 3 radio programs from the Algerian Broadcasting Company. The longwave frequency 252 kHz can be well received in many parts of Europe.

The town and its surroundings is home to the largest Berber-speaking group of western Algeria, the Chenoua people.

The Tipaza station in 252 kHz had previously been out of service since March 17, 2014, but is broadcasting again at 252 kHz. [6]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Timgad</span> Roman ruins in Algeria

Timgad was a Roman city in the Aurès Mountains of Algeria. It was founded by the Roman Emperor Trajan around 100 AD. The full name of the city was Colonia Marciana Ulpia Traiana Thamugadi. Emperor Trajan named the city in commemoration of his mother Marcia, eldest sister Ulpia Marciana, and father Marcus Ulpius Traianus.

RTÉ Radio 1 is an Irish national radio station owned and operated by RTÉ and is the direct descendant of Dublin radio station 2RN, which began broadcasting on a regular basis on 1 January 1926.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Volubilis</span> Partly excavated Berber city in Morocco

Volubilis is a partly-excavated Berber-Roman city in Morocco situated near the city of Meknes that may have been the capital of the Kingdom of Mauretania, at least from the time of King Juba II. Before Volubilis, the capital of the kingdom may have been at Gilda.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cherchell</span> Town in Tipaza, Algeria

Cherchell is a town on Algeria's Mediterranean coast, 89 kilometers (55 mi) west of Algiers. It is the seat of Cherchell District in Tipaza Province. Under the names Iol and Caesarea, it was formerly a Roman colony and the capital of the kingdoms of Numidia and Mauretania.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Theveste</span> Roman colony in present Algeria

Theveste was a Roman colony situated in the present Tébessa, Algeria.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Djémila</span> Archaeological site in Algeria

Djémila, formerly Cuicul, is a small mountain village in Algeria, near the northern coast east of Algiers, where some of the best preserved Roman ruins in North Africa are found. It is situated in the region bordering the Constantinois and Petite Kabylie.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tipasa</span> Place

Tipasa, sometimes distinguished as Tipasa in Mauretania, was a colonia in the Roman province Mauretania Caesariensis, nowadays called Tipaza, and located in coastal central Algeria. Since 1982, it has been declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site. It was declared a World Heritage Site in danger in 2002, but was removed from the danger list in 2006 following conservation efforts.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chlef</span> City in Algeria

Chlef is the capital of Chlef Province, Algeria. Located in the north of Algeria, 200 kilometres (120 mi) west of the capital, Algiers, it was founded in 1843, as Orléansville, on the ruins of Roman Castellum Tingitanum. In 1962, it was renamed al-Asnam, but after the devastating earthquake on October 10, 1980, it has borne its present name, Chlef, which is derived from the name of the Chelif River, the longest river in Algeria.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tébessa</span> City in Tébessa Province, Algeria

Tébessa or Tebessa, the classical Theveste, is the capital city of Tébessa Province region of northeastern Algeria. It hosts several historical landmarks, the most important one being the wall that surrounds the city and its gates. The city is also known for its traditional Algerian carpets. Tébessa was home to over 190,000 people in 2007.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ténès</span> Place in Chlef Province, Algeria

Ténès is a town in Algeria located around 200 kilometers west of the capital Algiers. As of 2000, it has a population of 65,000 people.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thubursicum</span>

Khamissa, ancient Thubursicum Numidarum or Thubursicum, is an Ancient Roman and Byzantine archeological site, in Souk Ahras Province of northeastern Algeria.

Icosium was a Berber city that was part of Numidia which became an important Roman colony and an early medieval bishopric in the casbah area of actual Algiers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tamentfoust</span>

Tamentfoust, the classical Rusguniae and colonial La Pérouse, is a site in the Dar El Beïda District of Algiers in Algeria.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tourism in Algeria</span>

Algeria is the largest country in Africa; one of the main tourist attractions is the Sahara, the largest desert in the world. Algeria has been a member of the World Tourism Organization since 1976. According to a report of the World Tourism Organization published in 2014, Algeria was the 4th largest tourist destination in Africa in 2013 with 2.7 million foreign tourists, and ranks 111th on the international tourism scene, according to the London-based World Tourism and Travel Council (WTTC). The tourism sector in Algeria accounts for 3.9% of the volume of exports, 9.5% of the productive investment rate and 8.1% of the gross domestic product.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ethnic groups in Algeria</span>

Ethnic groups in Algeria include Arabs and Berbers, who represent 99% of the population, of which 85% are Arab and 15% are Berber. Algeria also has a minority population of Europeans that represents less than 1% of the population. The minority European population is predominantly of French, Spanish, and Italian descent.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania</span> Historic site in Tipaza Province, Algeria

The Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania is a funerary monument located on the road between Cherchell and Algiers, in Tipaza Province, Algeria. The mausoleum is the tomb where the Numidian Berber King Juba II and the Queen Cleopatra Selene II, sovereigns of Numidia and Mauretania Caesariensis, were allegedly buried. However, their human remains have not been found at the site, perhaps due to tomb raiding.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Caesarea in Mauretania</span> Ancient city and bishopric in Roman North Africa

Caesarea in Mauretania was a Roman colony in Roman-Berber North Africa. It was the capital of Mauretania Caesariensis and is now called Cherchell, in modern Algeria. In the present time Caesarea is used as a titular see for Catholic and Eastern Orthodox bishops.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Madauros</span>

Madauros was a Roman-Berber city and a former diocese of the Catholic Church in the old state of Numidia, in present-day Algeria.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Auzia</span>

Auzia was a Roman-Berber colonia in present-day Sour El-Ghozlane, Algeria. The area was located around 150 km south-east of Algiers, in the ancient province of Mauretania Caesariensis.

The following radio stations broadcast on Longwave, AM frequency 252 kHz :


  1. "Tipaza". Office Nationale de Signalisation Maritime. Ministere des Travaux Publics. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  2. List of Lights, Pub. 113: The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights . United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2015.
  3. Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Western Algeria". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill . Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  4. Unesco-page
  5. Toutain, Jules (1891). "Fouilles de M. Gsell à Tipasa : Basilique de Sainte Salsa". Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire. 11 (1): 179–185. doi:10.3406/mefr.1891.6684.
  6. see - tuned to 252khz, as of 2015 Sept. 22