Last updated

Messing Maypole mill.jpg
Messing Maypole mill
Essex UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location within Essex
Population9,182 (2011) [1]
OS grid reference TL895165
Civil parish
  • Tiptree
Shire county
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district CO5
Dialling code 01621
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
51°49′N0°45′E / 51.81°N 0.75°E / 51.81; 0.75 Coordinates: 51°49′N0°45′E / 51.81°N 0.75°E / 51.81; 0.75

Tiptree is a village and civil parish in the English county of Essex, situated 10 miles (16 km) south-west of Colchester and around 50 miles (80 km) north-east of London. Surrounding villages include Messing, Tolleshunt Knights, Tolleshunt Major, Layer Marney, Inworth, Birch, Great Braxted, Great Totham and Little Totham.


The placename 'Tiptree' is first attested in a charter of circa 1225, where it appears as Typpetre. The name means "Tippa's tree". [2]

The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 9,152. The village has been expanding rapidly for several years with large numbers of new houses and estates being built, though it stills retains the title of being a village. The 'village' status was the subject of a local referendum in 1999 but residents and secondary school pupils rejected town status. Tiptree is amongst the contenders for the title of 'largest village in England'.

Tiptree has four primary schools: St Luke's Church of England Primary school, Milldene Primary School, Tiptree Heath Primary School and Baynard's Primary School. Thurstable School provides secondary and sixth form education. Messing Maypole Mill, a Grade II* listed tower mill, and the preserves company Wilkin & Sons, whose products use the village name as part of their brand, are located in the village.

Tiptree is within the City of Colchester and is administered by Tiptree Parish Council, Colchester City Council and Essex County Council. It is within in the Parliamentary constituency of Witham.

Tiptree was the site of the Tiptree sneeze, an event that occurred on 22 February 2014 at a concert by the London Central Fellowship Band at St. Luke's Parish Church where a trombonist sneezed into his trombone while playing. A video of the event was posted to YouTube and went viral in 2014. [3] [4]

Church Road, Tiptree Tiptree Church Road.jpg
Church Road, Tiptree

Nature reserves

Tiptree Heath lies to the south of Tiptree. The 25-hectare heath is the largest surviving fragment of heathland in Essex and is a Site of Special Scientific Interest. [5] Historically the area was a focal point for smugglers, who used the secluded water inlets of Tollesbury, Salcott cum Virley and Mersea, and often hid their contraband within the overgrown heathland. Species found on the heath include Cross-leaved Heather (Erica tetralix), Bell Heather (Erica cinerea) and Ling or Common Heather (Calluna). To help maintain the heath, Dexter cattle are grazed there during the summer [6] and a herd of hardy Exmoor ponies throughout the year. [7] Tiptree Parish Field is a Local Nature Reserve. [8] [9]


An electoral ward in the same name exists. This ward had a population of 7,583 at the 2011 Census. [10]


Tiptree is an internationally recognised brand of preserves manufactured in the village by Wilkin & Sons. The business was founded by the Wilkins, a local farming family in 1885. [11] The company employs 220 full-time staff and has a turnover which exceeded £24 million in 2008.

Tiptree is the home of JobServe, the world's first online recruitment service,[ citation needed ] based on the Tower Business Park. They now employ around 100 local people.[ citation needed ] Started in 1993, the company has grown significantly and in 2006 the company processed in excess of 9 million job applications. The village is the head office of Underwoods Motor Group with both Ford and Vauxhall franchises. On the outskirts of Tiptree is Perrywood Garden Centre and Nurseries.


Within the Church of England, the village is part of the United Benefice of Tolleshunt Knights with Tiptree and Great Braxted. The parish church is Saint Luke's, located on Church Road, next to St Lukes CofE Primary School. The church celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2006. [12]

Alongside the parish church, there are three other churches in the village, Kingsland Church, [13] Tiptree United Reformed Church, [14] and St John Houghton, a Roman Catholic church. [15]

In nearby village of Tolleshunt Knights is the oldest and largest Orthodox Christian Monastery in Western Europe, the Patriarchal Stavropegic Monastery of St. John the Baptist. It was founded by Elder Sophrony, an Athos trained monk from Russia, in 1959. [16] He has been recently canonized as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church.


From about 1904 until 1951 the village was served by the Kelvedon and Tollesbury Light Railway (locally known as the Crab and Winkle Line). It was an early victim of the mid-20th century cutbacks to the British Rail network and Tiptree railway station closed in 1951. The nearest operational railway station is Kelvedon on the main Norwich to London Liverpool Street line.

Today, the village is bisected by the B1022 Colchester to Maldon road, and the B1023 Kelvedon to Tollesbury road. Tiptree is also close to the main A12 trunk road which passes through Essex. Bus services link the village to surrounding towns.


In East Anglia, the warmest time of the year is July and August, when maximum temperatures average around 21 °C (70 °F). The coolest time of the year is January and February, when minimum temperatures average around 1 °C (34 °F). East Anglia's average annual rainfall is about 605 millimetres , with October to January being the wettest months. [17]

Notable residents

Notable residents have included:

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tollesbury</span> A village in Essex, England

Tollesbury is a village in England, located on the Essex coast at the mouth of the River Blackwater. It is situated nine miles east of the historic port of Maldon and twelve miles south of Colchester.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maldon</span> Town in Essex, England

Maldon is a town and civil parish on the Blackwater estuary in Essex, England. It is the seat of the Maldon District and starting point of the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation. It is known for Maldon Sea Salt which is produced in the area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maldon District</span> Non-metropolitan district in England

Maldon is a local government district in Essex, England. The council is based in Maldon, and the district includes other notable settlements such as Burnham-on-Crouch, Heybridge, Wickham Bishops, Southminster, Tolleshunt D'Arcy and Tollesbury. The district covers the Dengie peninsula in the south, as well as the Thurstable Hundred area to the north of the Blackwater Estuary, a total area of 358.78 km2.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Feering</span> Human settlement in England

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tolleshunt Knights</span> Village in Essex, England

Tolleshunt Knights is a village and civil parish in the English county of Essex.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kelvedon</span> Human settlement in England

Kelvedon is a village and civil parish in the Braintree District of Essex in England, between Chelmsford and Colchester. It had a population of 4,717 in 2001, reducing to 3,587 at the 2011 Census. It is now home to several businesses including Knight Group and Lysanda. Brockwell Meadows Local Nature Reserve is south-east of the village between a housing estate and the River Blackwater.

The Kelvedon and Tollesbury Light Railway was a locally promoted railway company, intended to open up an agricultural district that suffered from poor transport links. The enactment of the Light Railways Act 1896 encouraged the promoters to persuade the dominant main line railway, the Great Eastern Railway (GER), to participate in the construction and operation of the line.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Little Totham</span> Human settlement in England

Little Totham is a village in Essex, England, with a population measured at 400 in the 2011 Census. The parish extends from the extensive common and heath-land of Tiptree down to the River Blackwater. The village lies about 6 miles 10 km) from Maldon and 5 miles (8 km) from Tiptree and lies on the back road between Goldhanger and the Maldon to Colchester road. It is part of Maldon District Council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tolleshunt D'Arcy</span> Village in Essex, England

Tolleshunt D'Arcy is a small village situated on the Blackwater estuary, about 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Colchester, 18.6 miles (30 km) east of Chelmsford and 29.6 miles (48 km) north of Southend-on-Sea, in the county of Essex in the East of England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tolleshunt Major</span> Village in Essex, England

Tolleshunt Major is a small village approximately five miles north east of Maldon, in the Maldon District of Essex, England. It forms part of the electoral ward of Tolleshunt D'Arcy and is situated on the northern bank of the River Blackwater.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wilkin & Sons</span> English manufacturer of preserves and associated products

Wilkin & Sons Limited is a manufacturer of preserves, marmalades and associated products established in Tiptree, Essex, England in 1885, and known for its "Tiptree" brand of fruit preserves.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tiptree railway station</span> Former railway station in England

Tiptree railway station was on the Kelvedon and Tollesbury Light Railway, serving the village of Tiptree, Essex, England. The station was 3 miles 39 chains (5.61 km) from Kelvedon Low Level railway station.

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Great Totham is a village and civil parish in Maldon district, Essex, England, and midway between Chelmsford and Colchester. The village includes the Island of Osea in the Blackwater estuary and is separated into two parts, north and south. The north side and the south side are about a mile and a half apart, distributed along the B1022. The parish contains the hamlet of Totham Hill.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tiptree Heath (hamlet)</span>

Tiptree Heath is a hamlet in the Colchester district, in the county of Essex, England. Nearby settlements include the villages of Tiptree, Great Totham, Great Braxted and Little Totham. For transport there is the B1022 road which the hamlet is on, and the B1023 and A12 roads. There is a nature reserve called Tiptree Heath Nature Reserve.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Salcott</span> Human settlement in England

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Layer Breton</span> Human settlement in England

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  1. "Civil Parish population 2011" . Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  2. Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.475.
  3. "Tiptree trombone sneeze man tells of 'freak event'" (Press release). London, United Kingdom: BBC News. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  4. "Trombone Player Makes Huge Sneeze During Concert". Yahoo News. Yahoo!. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  5. "Tiptree Heath" (PDF). Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  6. "Tiptree – The Story So Far" . Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  7. "Ponies on Tiptree Heath". Archived from the original on 7 October 2011.
  8. "Tiptree Parish Field". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 27 February 2013. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  9. "Map of Tiptree Parish Field". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  10. "Ward population 2011" . Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  11. "Wilkin Family History". Archived from the original on 27 July 2007. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  12. "St Luke's Church" . Retrieved 29 March 2010.
  13. "Kingsland Church". Archived from the original on 24 June 2010. Retrieved 29 March 2010.
  14. "Tiptree United Reformed Church" . Retrieved 29 March 2010.
  15. "St John Houghton – Mass Centre". Archived from the original on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 29 March 2010.
  16. "Monastery of St. John the Baptist". Archdiocese of Thyateira and Great Britain. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  17. Met Office Archived 29 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine , Met Office Climate Data,accessed 21 April 2012
  18. "Ipswich to Chelmsford". Great British Railway Journeys. Series 5. Episode 17. 28 January 2014. BBC. Retrieved 28 January 2014.