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In Māori mythology, tipua or tupua are a type of differing shaped and often shape-shifting spirit or "uncanny thing". [1] Tipua were often associated with natural landmarks or phenomena but could also be more common objects; sometimes even trees and rocks [2] were associated as these types of spirits.

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  1. LIEUT COLONEL GUDGEON C.M.G. (1906). Journal of the Polynesian Society: THE TIPUA-KURA AND OTHER MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SPIRIT WORLD. Original from the University of California: PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY WHITCOMBE & TOMBS LIMITED. p. 27.
  2. Rakairuru Archived 2010-05-22 at the Wayback Machine , Rangitāne o Wairarapa website.