Tirabin al-Sana

Last updated
Tirabin al-Sana
תראבין א-צאנע
Tirabin al-Sana mosque.jpg
Tirabin al-Sana's mosque under construction
Israel outline northwest negev.png
Red pog.svg
Tirabin al-Sana
Israel location map with stripes.svg
Red pog.svg
Tirabin al-Sana
Coordinates: 31°20′44″N34°44′13″E / 31.34556°N 34.73694°E / 31.34556; 34.73694
CountryFlag of Israel.svg  Israel
District Southern
Council Al-Kasom
 (2021) [1]
A local medical clinic Medclinic in Tirabin.jpg
A local medical clinic
A private house being built in Tirabin al-Sana (July 2012) Private house in Tirabin.jpg
A private house being built in Tirabin al-Sana (July 2012)
Private residence in Tirabin al-Sana. July 2012 Private House Tirabin al-Sana.jpg
Private residence in Tirabin al-Sana. July 2012

Tirabin al-Sana (Hebrew : תראבין א-צאנע), also Tarabin (Arabic : ترابين), is a Bedouin village in the Negev desert in southern Israel. The village was built for the Tarabin tribe. [2] Located near Rahat and Mishmar HaNegev, it falls under the jurisdiction of al-Kasom Regional Council. In 2021 it had a population of 1,240. [1]



Prior to the establishment of Israel, the Negev Bedouins were a semi-nomadic society that had been through a process of sedentariness since the Ottoman rule of the region. During the British Mandate period, no legal framework was established to justify and preserve land ownership. Thus Israel's land policy was adopted to a large extent from the Ottoman land regulations of 1858 as the only legal precedent.[ citation needed ]

Israel has continued the Ottoman policy of sedentarization of Negev Bedouins. In the 1950s the government re-settled two-thirds of the Negev Bedouin in an area that was under a martial law.[ citation needed ] Several townships were built for them, offering better living conditions, infrastructure, sanitation, health and education, and municipal services.

As of today, according to the information of Israel Land Administration, over 60% of the Negev Bedouin live in seven settlements in the Negev desert with approved plans and developed infrastructure: Hura, Lakiya, Ar'arat an-Naqab (Ar'ara BaNegev), Shaqib al-Salam (Segev Shalom), Tel as-Sabi (Tel-Sheva), Kuseife and the city of Rahat, the largest among them). [3] These townships cannot resolve the issue of high population density and illegal construction in the Negev absolutely, so besides expanding existing towns, the Israeli government has decided to construct 13 additional settlements for the Negev Bedouin, and Tirabin al-Sana is one of them. [4]

Government Resolution 881 on 29 September 2003 created eight new Bedouin settlements (seven of which were to be located in the now defunct Abu Basma Regional Council). [5] The village was later established in 2005. At first the Bedouin were reluctant to relocate there, only a part of the tribe settled in it. But at the end of 2011 as a result of fruitful negotiations, the rest of the Tarabin tribe living in an unrecognized village nearby moved into the newly built locality with empty land plots waiting for them.


The rate of unemployment and crime remains high in Bedouin townships. [6] School through age 16 is mandatory by law, but many do not complete their matriculation examinations. Women suffer discrimination due to patriarchal nature of Bedouin society. [7] Another serious problem is trespassing on state lands and building unrecognized settlements having no municipal status and facing demolition orders. [8]


There is an industrial park in the suburbs of Rahat, [9] several more industrial parks are situated in the area—Beersheba and Hura. Currently a new industrial park is being built close to Rahat, it is called Idan HaNegev. [10] Village residents also work in the services industry in Beersheba. There are several organizations that promote entrepreneurship among the 160,000 Bedouins living in the Negev, primarily aimed at Bedouin women.

Urban development

Tirabin al-Sana has all the basic public services, including medical services, schooling, post office, etc. For higher quality services village residents can turn to Beersheba, where Soroka Medical Center is situated.

There is an operating public sewage collection system for residential buildings and public institutions that some other localities in the area lack. [11]

One of Tarabin's school A local school in Tirabin al-Sana.jpg
One of Tarabin's school


There are several schools in the village. As for the higher education, local resident can study at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, and also at Sapir Academic College in Sderot. Soon with a support of Harvard University a new campus will be erected in Rahat, inside a new Idan HaNegev industrial zone. [12] Ben-Gurion University of the Negev will oversee the new campus' operations, and it will be considered a BGU branch.

Solar energy

In 2011 an Israeli solar energy company Arava Power signed a contract with the Tarabin tribe in the Negev Desert to build a solar installation. [13] The company is negotiating with the government a 30% of Israel's guaranteed solar power feed-in tariff caps set apart just for the Bedouin people. A plan for a photovoltaic solar installation was approved by Ministry of Interior's Southern Regional Planning and Building Committee in September 2011. [14]

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Negev</span> Desert in southern Israel

The Negev or Negeb is a desert and semidesert region of southern Israel. The region's largest city and administrative capital is Beersheba, in the north. At its southern end is the Gulf of Aqaba and the resort city and port of Eilat. It contains several development towns, including Dimona, Arad and Mitzpe Ramon, as well as a number of small Bedouin towns, including Rahat and Tel Sheva and Lakiya. There are also several kibbutzim, including Revivim and Sde Boker; the latter became the home of Israel's first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, after his retirement from politics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rahat</span> City in Israel

Rahat is a predominantly Arab Bedouin city in the Southern District of Israel. In 2021 it had a population of 76,237. As such, it is the largest Bedouin city in the world, and the only one in Israel to have city status.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hura</span> Town in southern Israel

Hura, or Houra is a Bedouin town in the Southern District of Israel. It is located near Beersheba and beside the town Meitar. The town was established in 1989 as a part of solution offered by the state for the consolidation of Negev Bedouin population, and was declared a local council in 1996. In 2021 it had a population of 23,943.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kuseife</span> Town in southern Israel

Kuseife or Kseifa is a Bedouin town in the Southern District of Israel. Kuseife was founded in 1982 as part of a government project to settle Bedouins in permanent settlements. In 1996 it was declared a local council, and in 2021 it had a population of 23,219.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lakiya</span> Town in southern Israel

Lakiya, or Laqye is a Bedouin town in the Southern District of Israel. In 2021 it had a population of 15,295.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shaqib al-Salam</span> Local council in Southern Israel

Shaqib al-Salam or Segev Shalom and also known as Shqeb as-Salam, is a Bedouin town and a local council in the Southern District of Israel, southeast of Beersheba. In 2021 it had a population of 11,865.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ar'arat an-Naqab</span> Town in southern Israel

Ar'arat an-Naqab or Ar'ara BaNegev, previously called Aroer, is a Bedouin town in the Southern District of Israel. Its name stands for "the juniper tree in Negev". It is situated not far from the archaeological site of Aroer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tel Sheva</span> Local council in Israel

Tel Sheva or Tel as-Sabi is a Bedouin town in the Southern District of Israel, bordering the city of Beersheba. In 2021 it had a population of 22,187.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Negev Bedouin</span> Nomadic Arab Muslim tribes residing in the Negev desert in Israel

The Negev Bedouin are traditionally pastoral nomadic Arab tribes (Bedouin), who until the later part of the 19th century would wander between Saudi Arabia in the east and the Sinai Peninsula in the west. Today they live in the Negev region of Israel. The Bedouin tribes adhere to Islam.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Umm Batin</span> Bedouin village in the northern Negev, Southern Israel

Umm Batin is a Bedouin village in southern Israel. Located in the northern Negev desert, 12 km northeast of Beersheba and adjacent to the highway 60, it falls under the jurisdiction of al-Kasom Regional Council. In 2021 it had a population of 4,705.

al-Sayyid, Israel Village in southern Israel

Al-Sayyid or al-Sayed is a Bedouin village in Israel. Located in the Negev desert between Arad and Beersheba and just south of Hura, it falls under the jurisdiction of al-Kasom Regional Council. In 2021 the village's population was 6,289.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Qasr al-Sir</span> Place in Southern, Israel

Qasr al-Sir is a Bedouin village in the Negev desert in southern Israel, adjacent to highway 25. The village covers 4,776 dunams. Located three kilometres west of Dimona, it falls under the jurisdiction of Neve Midbar Regional Council. In 2021 it had a population of 2,731.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Unrecognized Bedouin villages in Israel</span> Legally ostracized townships in the Negev

Unrecognized Bedouin villages in Israel are rural Bedouin communities in the Negev and the Galilee which the Israeli government does not recognize as legal. They are often referred to as "unrecognized villages".

The Regional Council of Unrecognized Villages of Negev (RCUV) is a political advocacy group that was established in 1997. It represents the interests of the Bedouin population living in the unrecognized dispersed communities in the Negev Desert in southern Israel.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tarabin Bedouin</span> Bedouin tribe from the Sinai Peninsula

The Tarabin Bedouin, also known as Al-Tirabin, were the most important Bedouin tribe in the Sinai Peninsula during the 19th century, and the largest inside Negev. Today this tribe resides in the Sinai Peninsula but also in Cairo, Ismailia, Giza, Al Sharqia and Suez, Israel (Negev), Jordan, Saudi Arabia and the Gaza strip. A township named Tirabin al-Sana was built in Israel in 2004 especially for the members of al-Sana clan from Al-Tirabin tribe.

The Abu Alkian is a [[]] tribe living in the Negev desert in southern Israel.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Idan HaNegev</span>

Idan HaNegev Industrial Park is an industrial park being built southeast of the Bedouin city of Rahat, Israel. The goal is to alleviate unemployment in the local Bedouin population. It is situated in a zone under the jurisdiction of Bnei Shimon Regional Council, between Lehavim and Rahat, close to the city of Beersheba. It will cover an area of some 3,500 dunams (3.5 km2). Some Local Bedouin leaders praised the initiative. According to Rahat Mayor Faiz Abu Sahiban, "it is a good solution which could considerably reduce unemployment in the city, particularly among Bedouin women". However other Bedouin say government-subsidized investment perks mostly benefit large Jewish-owned companies that are under no obligation to hire Bedouins. "It's not answering the needs of the people," said Jihad Elubra, manager at Mati, a government-funded nonprofit group that assists Bedouin-owned businesses in southern Israel. "It's only helping big companies"

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Al-Kasom Regional Council</span> Regional council located in Israel

al-Kasom Regional Council is one of two Negev Bedouin regional councils formed as a result of the split of the Abu Basma Regional Council on November 5, 2012. Al-Kasom regional council is in the northwestern Negev desert of Israel.

Abu Talul is a Bedouin township in southern Israel. Located in the Negev desert around ten kilometres east of Beersheba and to the south of highway 25, it falls under the jurisdiction of Neve Midbar Regional Council. In 2021 it had a population of 2,330.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">A New Dawn in the Negev</span>

A New Dawn in the Negev is a Bedouin-Jewish co-existence NGO that provides programming for Bedouin youth-at-risk. It is based in Rahat, the only Bedouin city in Israel. Over 600 Bedouin youth aged 5–18 per year participate in their programs.


  1. 1 2 "Regional Statistics". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
  2. Negev Bedouin Israel Land Administration
  3. State of Israel. Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Foreign Affairs. List of Issues to be taken up in Connection with the Consideration of Israel's Fourth and Fifth Periodic Reports of Israel (CEDAW/C/ISR/4 and CEDAW/C/ISR/5) Archived 2013-10-15 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Bedouin information Israel Land Administration
  5. Government resolutions passed in recent years regarding the Arab population of Israel Archived 2012-02-07 at the Wayback Machine The Abraham Fund Initiative
  6. Blueprint Negev. Working with Bedouin communities
  7. Sarab Abu-Rabia-Queder The activism of Bedouin women: Social and political resistance Ben-Gurion University
  8. Bedouins in the State of Israel Knesset official site
  9. Rahat Industrial Zone
  10. Idan Hanegev Industrial Park
  11. 'Gov’t must bring basic needs to Beduins' Jerusalem Post
  12. Harvard University makes aliyah
  13. Israeli solar company helps Bedouin profit from the sun The Consulate General of Israel to the southeast of Atlanta, November 16, 2011
  14. Sine shines on Bedouin Alondon, December 4, 2011