|King of Armenia|
| Arsaces II (Arshak II) |
|Father||Khosrov III the Small|
Tiran (Armenian : Տիրան , c. 300/305 – 358 AD) known also as Tigranes VII, Tigranes and Diran was an Armenian prince who served as a Roman client king of Arsacid Armenia from 339 until 350. He was a contemporary of and is associated with the life of Sarkis the Warrior and his son, Martiros.
Tiran was among the children born to Khosrov III Kotakby an unnamed mother, and was thus a grandson of Tiridates III of Armenia and his wife, Ashkhen. He was the maternal uncle of Nerses I who would become a future Catholicos of Armenia. Tiran was named in honour of the monarchs named Tigranes of the Artaxiad dynasty. The name Tigranes was the most common royal name in the Artaxiad dynasty and was among the most ancient names of the kings of Armenia.
When his father died in 339, Tiran succeeded his father as King of Armenia. Little is known of his life prior to this. Tiran was a lukewarm Christianand was the first Arsacid ruling monarch to aggressively pursue a policy on Arianism. Although Tiran was endorsed by the Christian aristocrats of Armenia, the King was a disappointment, intellectually and morally. The reign of Tiran was blemished by conflicts both internally and externally.
Tiran antagonised the clergy and the great Mamikonian family, who had been the mainstay of the throne.He had many disagreements with the reigning Catholicos and his relation Husik I, who had criticised Tiran on his public and private conduct. This led Tiran to order the death of Husik, who was beaten to death on Tiran's orders, because the Catholicos denied him entry to a church in Sophene on a feast day in 347. Tiran massacred two leading Armenian families, the Ardzruni and Reshtuni, whom he accused of having secret relations with the Sassanids, and tried unsuccessfully on various occasions to crush the power of the Armenian feudal lords.
Tiran's foreign policy was mainly concerned with the Sassanid King Shapur II.Shapur launched a war on Rome and her allies, firstly by persecuting the Christians in Persia and Mesopotamia. By capturing these territories, Shapur's war dealt a severe blow to Roman prestige in the East.
Shapur invaded Armenia with his army and eventually took Tiran, his Queen and their family as hostages.Tiran and his family were betrayed by his chamberlain to Shapur. Tiran and his family became Sassanid political prisoners. Tiran was blinded and thrown into prison, after he was accused by Shapur of collusion with Rome.
The Armenian nobles, infuriated by the brutality of Shapur II and his treatment of Tiran and his family, took up arms and fought against Shapur and his army with assistance from the Romans.They successfully drove Shapur and his army out from Armenia. After Shapur was defeated, he signed a treaty and agreed to release Tiran and his family from prison. As Tiran was depressed and blinded, he abdicated his throne and his second son Arsaces II, succeeded him father as king of Armenia in 350.
Tiran married an unnamed woman by whom he had three sons and a daughter, who were: Artaxias,Arsaces II, Tiridates and Eranyak.
Tiran's first-born son, Artaxias (Armenian : Արտաշես, died before 350), had a son called Tirit.
The Kingdom of Armenia, also the Kingdom of Greater Armenia, or simply Greater Armenia, sometimes referred to as the Armenian Empire, was a monarchy in the Ancient Near East which existed from 321 BC to 428 AD. Its history is divided into successive reigns by three royal dynasties: Orontid, Artaxiad and Arsacid (52–428).
The Arsacid dynasty or Arshakuni, ruled the Kingdom of Armenia from 12 to 428. The dynasty was a branch of the Arsacid dynasty of Parthia. Arsacid kings reigned intermittently throughout the chaotic years following the fall of the Artaxiad dynasty until 62 when Tiridates I secured Parthian Arsacid rule in Armenia. However, he did not succeed in establishing his line on the throne, and various Arsacid members of different lineages ruled until the accession of Vologases II, who succeeded in establishing his own line on the Armenian throne, which would rule the country until it was abolished by the Sasanian Empire in 428.
The Artaxiad dynasty or Ardaxiad dynasty ruled the Kingdom of Armenia from 189 BC until their overthrow by the Romans in AD 12. Their realm included Greater Armenia, Sophene and intermittently Lesser Armenia and parts of Mesopotamia. Their main enemies were the Romans, the Seleucids and the Parthians, against whom the Armenians had to conduct multiple wars.
Tigranes I of Armenia was a Artaxiad King of Armenia at the end of 2nd and the beginning of 1st century BC. Few records have survived about his and his predecessor Artavasdes I's reign, which has led to some confusion. Some modern scholars have doubted that such a king reigned at all. Contrary to them other researchers, such as Manandian, Lang and Adalian consider him a real figure but differ or are uncertain on the exact dates of his reign. Although it has been proposed that Tigranes I reigned from 123 BC to 96 BC, this view has been criticized. Another suggestion is that Tigranes I ruled in 120 BC - 95 BC and this has been recently corroborated by historian Christian Marek.
Khosrov III the Small was a Prince who served as a Roman Client King of Arsacid Armenia.
Arshak II, also known as Arsaces II and Arsak II was a prince who was a Roman client king of Arsacid Armenia from 350 until 368.
Arshak III, also known as Arsaces III, Arsak III and Arshak III-Vagharshak, was a prince who served as a Roman client king of Arsacid Armenia from 378 until 387. Arshak III is often known as the last serving Roman client king of Armenia. During his reign, the part of Armenia that Arshak III governed was under Roman rule from the Peace of Acilisene.
Saint Husik I, often known as Husik was a Catholicos of Armenia's Holy Apostolic Church who lived in the fourth century. He was the fourth in line of then of the Parthian Catholicoi immediately after Gregory the Illuminator, St. Aristaces I and St. Vrtanes I.
Vramshapuh, whose name is also spelt as Vramshapouh, Vramšapuh, Vrhamshapuh, Vram-Shapouh, Bahram Shapur and Bahram-Shahpur served as a Sasanian client king of Arsacid Armenia from 389 until 414, when he died.
Artaxias IV or Artashir IV who is also known as Artaxias, Artashes, Artashes IV, Artashir, Ardases, Ardasir and Artases was a prince who served as a Sassanid client king of eastern Armenia from 422 until 428. Artaxias IV was the last Arsacid king of Armenia and the last person to hold the crown of the ancient Armenian Kingdom.
Anak the Parthian, also known as Anak Pahlavi, was a Parthian noble who lived during the time of Arsacid Armenia.
Tiridates was a Prince from the Arsacid dynasty of Armenia.
Gnel also known as Gnelus was a Prince from the Arsacid dynasty of Armenia.
Tirit also known as Tirid was a Prince from the Arsacid dynasty of Armenia.
Pharantzem, also known as P’arhanjem; Parantzem; Pharandsem; Paranjem and Parandzem of Siwnik’ (Siunik) was a Queen of Armenia by marriage to Arsaces II. She was regent of Armenia during the absence of her spouse and son in 368–370, and is famous for her defense of the fortress of Artogerassa against Persia.
Anob was an Armenian Prince from the Arsacid dynasty of Armenia who lived in the 4th century.
Khosrov IV, was a Prince who served as a Sassanid King of Arsacid Armenia, which flourished during the second half of the 4th century & first half of the 5th century, from 387 until 389.
Tigranes was an Armenian Prince of the Arsacid dynasty of Armenia who lived in the second half of the 4th century and possibly first half of the 5th century.
Martiros or alternatively Mardiros was son of Saint Sarkis the Warrior and a canonized saint just like his father and is more known as Saint Mardiros
Artashat ; Hellenized as Artaxata and Artaxiasata, was a large commercial city and the capital of ancient Armenia during the reign of king Artaxias I; the founder of the Artaxiad Dynasty of the ancient Kingdom of Armenia. The name of the city is derived from Iranian languages and means the "joy of Arta". Founded by King Artaxias I in 176 BC, Artaxata served as the capital of the Kingdom of Armenia from 185 BC until 120 AD, and was known as the "Vostan Hayots".