Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza

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Tirana International Airport
Mother Teresa

Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Tiranës
Nënë Tereza
Aeroporti Nderkombetar Nene Tereza.svg
Terminal jashte.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorTirana International Airport SHPK and Kastrati Group [1]
Serves Tirana, Tirana County, Albania
Location Rinas, Durrës County, Albania
Hub for
Focus city for Ryanair
Elevation  AMSL 108 ft / 33 m
Coordinates 41°24′53″N19°43′14″E / 41.41472°N 19.72056°E / 41.41472; 19.72056
Website tirana-airport.com
Map
Albania (location map).svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
TIA
Location in Albania
Mediterranean Sea location map.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
TIA
Location in the Mediterranean
Europe blank laea location map.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
TIA
Location in Europe
Runways
Direction LengthSurface
mft
17/352,7509,022 Asphalt
Statistics (2023)
Passengers7,257,662 [2]
Passenger change 22–23Increase2.svg 39.6%
Aircraft movements51,050 [2]
Movements change 22–23Increase2.svg 32.5%
Source: Albanian AIP at EUROCONTROL [3] LATI Airport record [4]

Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza (Albanian : Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Tiranës Nënë Tereza, IATA : TIA, ICAO : LATI), often referred to as the Rinas International Airport, is one of the two main international airports of the Republic of Albania. It serves the city of Tirana, its metropolitan area, and surrounding region in the county of Tirana. The airport is named in honour of the Albanian Roman Catholic nun and missionary, Mother Teresa (1910–1997). It is located 6 nautical miles (11 kilometres; 6.9 miles) northwest of Tirana, in the municipality of Krujë, Durrës County. [5] [6]

Contents

The airport serves as the main hub for the Wizz Air and country's flag carrier Air Albania. [7] Tirana international airport offers regularly scheduled passenger services. It is the largest airport in Albania and is one of the busiest Balkan airports after reaching 7.2 million passengers in 2023. [8] [9] Albania's other main airport is Kukës International Airport located in the northeast of the country.

History

Early development

The airport was constructed from 1955 to 1957. Tirana had commercial airline services before. Domestic aviation started in 1926 when German airline Adria-Aero-Lloyd obtained a monopoly for domestic air routes in the country and began servicing Tirana, Shkodër, Korçë and Vlorë. These operations proved unprofitable, and the airline sold its rights to Italian company Ala Littoria which opened regular routes in 1935 between Tirana to Shkodër, Kukës, Peshkopia, Kuçova, Vlorë, and Gjirokastra. [10] In 1938, the Yugoslav carrier Aeroput introduced regular commercial flights linking Tirana with Belgrade, Serbia, with a landing in Dubrovnik, Croatia. [11]

After the Second World War and installation of an isolationist communist regime in Albania, air transportation was rare. From 1944 to 1948, there was a service to Belgrade, but after the break of relations with Yugoslavia, until 1953, there was only a twice-a-month connection to Budapest operated by Soviet-Hungarian company Maszovlet. [10] From 1953 to 1955, there was no air service, until February 1955 when a route to Moscow was inaugurated, followed thereafter to other Eastern-European capitals. In the 1970s, Tirana was one of the first European cities to be served by China's CAAC Airlines, with a weekly flight to Beijing via Bucharest and Tehran. In the late 1980s, there were six airlines flying to Tirana, with a total of nine round-trips per week. [10]

With the collapse of communism in Albania in 1991 and subsequent liberalisation of travel restrictions abroad for Albanians, the number of airlines operating at the airport increased rapidly. In 1999, there were 8,249 flights and 356,823 passengers, seven times more than in 1991. [10]

Contemporary

The air traffic equipment and facilities of the airport have been heavily modernised, following investments by Tirana International Airport SHPK, a consortium led by Hochtief AirPort. Hochtief assumed management of the airport on 23 April 2005, for a 20-year concession period. [12]

The concession included the construction of a completely new passenger terminal and various infrastructure improvements, among them the construction of a new access road, new parking lots, and a bridge over the old airport access road. [13] The expansion resulted in an increased number of passengers per annum, estimated at 1.5 million passengers for 2009. [14] [15] The number of passengers effectively increased to more than 1.5 million in 2010. [16]

The terminal building and its second expansion, the cargo building, its landscaping, and its carpark canopies were designed by Malaysian architect Hin Tan of Hintan. [17]

In December 2016, the Airport announced that it served 2 million passengers during 2016, reaching its second milestone. [18]

The airport announced over 7.2 million passengers for 2023, exceeding their projections predictions for that year. This statistics marks a substantial increase of 40% compared to the previous year (2022) and 117% compared to the year 2019, solidifying TIA's position as a key player in the regional aviation industry.

Ownership

In 2017, China Everbright Limited became the sole owner of Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza. After reaching an agreement with the Albanian Government to end its monopoly on international flights from Albania, Hochtief AirPort sold the operation of Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza to China Everbright Limited, [19] a company specializing in asset management, direct investment, brokerage and investment banking. [20] On December 25, 2020, Kastrati Group bought all the shares of the airport from China Everbright Limited for 71 million euros. [21] [22]

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines operate regular year-round and seasonal scheduled and charter flights to and from Tirana:

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Heraklion, Rhodes (resumes 5 June 2024) [23]
Air Albania Ankara, [24] Bologna, [25] Istanbul, İzmir, [24] Milan–Malpensa, Pisa, [25] Verona [25]
Seasonal charter: Antalya, [26] Lisbon, [26] Porto [26]
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga (begins 2 May 2024) [27]
Air Cairo Seasonal charter: Sharm El Sheikh [28]
Air France Seasonal: Paris–Charles de Gaulle [29]
Air Montenegro Seasonal charter: Sarajevo [30] Brno–Tuřany Airport (begins 12 June 2024) [31]
Air Serbia [32] Belgrade
Austrian Airlines Vienna
British Airways London–Heathrow [33]
Buzz Seasonal charter: Katowice, [34] Kraków, [35] Poznań, [35] Riga, [36] Vilnius, [37] Wrocław [35]
Corendon Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya [ citation needed ]
Croatia Airlines Zagreb (begins 14 June 2024) [38] [39]
easyJet Seasonal: Geneva [ citation needed ]
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Gdańsk, [35] Katowice, [35] Warsaw–Chopin, [40] Wrocław
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, [41] Stuttgart [42]
flydubai Dubai–International [43]
flynas Seasonal: Riyadh [44]
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya,[ citation needed ] Bodrum [ citation needed ]
Gulf Air Seasonal charter: Bahrain [45] [ better source needed ]
Iberia Seasonal: Madrid [46]
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv [47]
ITA Airways Rome–Fiumicino
Jazeera Airways Seasonal: Kuwait City [48]
LOT Polish Airlines [49] Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal: Warsaw–Radom [50]
Seasonal charter: Katowice
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich [51]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Copenhagen, [52] Oslo
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya (begins 3 June 2024) [53]
Ryanair Bari, [54] Beauvais, [55] Bergamo, [55] Birmingham, [54] Bologna, [55] Bristol, [54] Bucharest–Otopeni, [55] Budapest, [54] Catania, [55] Charleroi, [55] Edinburgh, [55] Kraków, [55] London–Stansted, [55] Manchester, [55] Marseille, [54] Pisa, [55] Prague, [55] Reggio Calabria (begins 27 April 2024), [56] Rome–Ciampino, [55] Stockholm–Arlanda, [55] Treviso, [55] Vienna, [54] Warsaw–Modlin, [55] Weeze [55]
SalamAir Seasonal: Muscat (begins 17 June 2024) [57]
Scandinavian Airlines [58] Seasonal: Copenhagen (begins 2 July 2024), Stockholm–Arlanda (begins 3 July 2024)
Smartwings Seasonal: Prague
Seasonal charter: Bilbao, [59] Bratislava, [60] Brno, [60] Budapest, [61] Gdańsk, Katowice (begins 31 May 2024), [62] Poznań, [63] Rzeszów, Warsaw–Chopin, [64] Wrocław (begins 31 May 2024) [62]
SunExpress Seasonal: Antalya, [65] İzmir (begins 4 June 2024) [66]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Transavia Amsterdam, [67] Paris–Orly
Seasonal: Lyon [68]
TUI fly Belgium Brussels
Tunisair Seasonal charter: Tunis (begins 20 June 2024) [69]
Wizz Air Abu Dhabi, [70] Ancona, [71] Athens, [72] Barcelona, [73] Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin, Bologna, Brindisi, [74] Bucharest–Otopeni, [75] Budapest, Catania, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, [73] Comiso (resumes 2 August 2024), [76] Dortmund, Eindhoven, Genoa, [71] Hahn, Hamburg, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Kraków, [75] Leipzig/Halle (begins 30 September 2024), [77] London–Luton, Lyon, [78] Madrid, [79] Memmingen, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, [74] Nuremberg, [78] Perugia, [71] Pescara, [71] Pisa, Prague, [75] Rimini, Rome–Fiumicino, Stockholm–Skavsta, Stuttgart (begins 29 October 2024), [80] Treviso, Trieste, [74] Turin, [81] Valencia (begins 15 June 2024), [77] Verona, Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin [78]
Seasonal: Gdańsk, [82] Katowice, [83] Malmö, Nice, [84] Poznań, [82] Sandefjord, Wrocław [78]

Statistics

Traffic

Annual passenger traffic at TIA airport. See Wikidata query.
YearPassengersChangeAircraft OperationsChangeCargo
(metric tons)
Change
2005785,000Increase2.svg20.77%15,400N.A.N.A.N.A.
2006906,103Increase2.svg15.43%15,856Increase2.svg 2.96%2,435N.A.
20071,105,770Increase2.svg22.04%18,258Increase2.svg15.15%3,832Increase2.svg57.37%
20081,267,041Increase2.svg14.58%19,194Increase2.svg 5.13%2,497Decrease2.svg34.84%
20091,394,688Increase2.svg10.07%20,064Increase2.svg 4.53%2,265Decrease2.svg 9.29%
20101,536,822Increase2.svg10.19%20,768Increase2.svg 3.51%2,355Increase2.svg 3.97%
20111,817,073Increase2.svg18.24%22,988Increase2.svg10.69%2,656Increase2.svg12.78%
20121,665,331Decrease2.svg 8.35%20,528Decrease2.svg10.70%1,875Decrease2.svg29.41%
20131,757,342Increase2.svg 5.53%19,942Decrease2.svg 2.85%2,164Increase2.svg15.41%
20141,810,305Increase2.svg 3.02%17,928Decrease2.svg 3.02%2,324Increase2.svg13.53%
20151,997,044Increase2.svg 10.3%20,876Increase2.svg 16.4%2,229Decrease2.svg4.1%
20162,195,100Increase2.svg 9.9%22,352Increase2.svg 7.1%2,200Decrease2.svg1%
2017 [85] 2,630,338Increase2.svg 19.8%24,336Increase2.svg 9%2,266Increase2.svg3%
2018 [86] 2,947,172Increase2.svg 12%25,462Increase2.svg 3%2,245Decrease2.svg 0.9%
2019 [87] 3,338,147Increase2.svg 13.3%28,695Increase2.svg 12.5%2,372Increase2.svg 5.7%
2020 [88] 1,310,614Decrease2.svg 60,7%15,280Decrease2.svg 46,8%1,796.8Decrease2.svg 24.3%
2021 [89] 2,923,533Increase2.svg 123.1%26,152Increase2.svg 73%1,983Increase2.svg 10.4%
2022 [90] 5,198,550Increase2.svg 77.8%38,517Increase2.svg 47.3%2,045Increase2.svg 3.1%
2023 [91] 7,257,662Increase2.svg 39.6%51,050Increase2.svg 32.5%1,953Decrease2.svg 4.5%
2024 (31.03) [92] 1,910,616Increase2.svg 63.9%N/AN/AN/AN/A

Busiest routes

Most frequent routes at Tirana Airport (2023 [93] )
RankDestinationAirport(s)Number of PassengersTop carriers
1 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London LHR, LTN, STN 582,742 British Airways, Ryanair, Wizz Air
2 Flag of Italy.svg Milan MXP 390,976 Air Albania, Wizz Air
3 Flag of Italy.svg Rome CIA, FCO 373,284 ITA Airways, Ryanair, Wizz Air
4 Flag of Italy.svg Bergamo BGY 363,300 Ryanair, Wizz Air
5 Flag of Italy.svg Pisa PSA 322,971 Air Albania, Ryanair, Wizz Air
6 Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul IST, SAW 321,661 Air Albania, Pegasus Airlines
7 Flag of Italy.svg Bologna BLQ 310,583 Ryanair, Wizz Air
8 Flag of Greece.svg Athens ATH 266,203 Aegean Airlines, Wizz Air
9 Flag of Austria.svg Vienna VIE 240,408 Austrian Airlines, Ryanair, Wizz Air
10 Flag of Italy.svg Verona VRN 217,611 Air Albania, Wizz Air
Most frequent routes by country at Tirana Airport (2023 [93] )
RankDestinationNumber of Passengers
1 Flag of Italy.svg Italy3,171,204
2 Flag of Germany.svg Germany953,815
3 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom596,294
4 Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey415,513
5 Flag of Poland.svg Poland337,187
6 Flag of Greece.svg Greece285,147
7 Flag of Austria.svg Austria240,408
8 Flag of France.svg France226,126
9 Flag of Spain.svg Spain176,661
10 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium175,856

Top carriers

Top carriers by market share at Tirana Airport (2023 [94] )
RankCarrierMarket share
1 Flag of Hungary.svg Wizz Air 61%
2 Flag of Albania.svg Air Albania 7%
3 Flag of Albania.svg Albawings 5%
4 Flag of Germany.svg Lufthansa 4%
5 Flag of Austria.svg Austrian Airlines 3%

Ground transport

Taxi rank at the airport Taxis in Albania International Airport.jpg
Taxi rank at the airport
SH60 linking Tirana Airport with SH2 Tirana-Durres Highway Airport road SH60 (WPWTR17).jpg
SH60 linking Tirana Airport with SH2 Tirana-Durrës Highway

The airport is linked with motorway SH60 10 nautical miles (19 kilometres; 12 miles) away to SH2 Durres -Tirana access road. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport. The journey from Tirana to the airport takes 20–25 minutes.

Bus

An airport bus, located outside Arrivals terminal, leaves on the hour every hour (6am to 2am), to the city centre, and the trip takes around 30 minutes. [95] The shuttle runs an hourly service between the Airport and the back of the Opera building in the centre of Tirana.

Rail

A new electrified light rail train line is being built between Tirana and Durres with a link to Tirana Airport planned to be completed by 2024–25. [96]

Incidents and accidents

See also

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