Tirap district

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Tirap district
Tirap district
Location in Arunachal Pradesh
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Arunachal Pradesh
Headquarters Khonsa
Town Deomali
  Total1,170 km2 (450 sq mi)
  Density47/km2 (120/sq mi)
   Literacy 52.2%
  Sex ratio931
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
Website tirap.nic.in

Tirap district (Pron:/tɪˈɹæp/) is a district located in the southeastern part of the state of Arunachal Pradesh in India. It shares a state border with Assam, an international border with Myanmar and a district border with Changlang and Longding.



Since time immemorial, Tirap has been inhabited by the ancestors of the indigenous tribes. Japanese troops invaded and controlled the area for a brief period in 1945, until the collapse of the Japanese Empire. After their collapse, Suman Gope came to power. Of late, Tirap has also been a major target for the NSCN, a Naga rebel group that aims for the creation of Greater Nagaland, using military force.

On 14 November 1987, Tirap was bifurcated to create the new Changlang district. In 2013 Tirap was again split to create Longding district. [1]


Tirap district occupies an area of 2,362 square kilometres (912 sq mi), [2] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Cornwall Island. [3] The elevation ranges from 200 meters in the northwest to 4,000 meters in the Patkai Hills. After bifurcation the district occupied an area of 1,170 square km.


There are four Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly constituencies located in this district: Namsang, Khonsa East, Khonsa-West, Borduria-Bogapani. All of these are part of Arunachal East Lok Sabha constituency. [4]


According to the 2011 census Tirap district has a population of 111,975,[ citation needed ] roughly equal to the nation of Grenada. [5] This gives it a ranking of 613th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 47 inhabitants per square kilometre (120/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 11.63%. Tirap has a sex ratio of 931 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 52.23%.[ citation needed ]


Much of the tribal population consists of the Naga related Nocte, Konyak, and Wancho, who traditionally followed Animism, although most of them have converted to Christianity. Smaller communities of two other Naga tribes, Tutsa and Tangsa, besides non-Naga Singhpo can be found in the district as well. Festive fairs and festivals such as the Loku of the Nocte, Oriya, or Ojiyele of the Wancho and the Pongtu festival of the Tutsa are celebrated in full flair. Along with these festivals, Durga Puja is also celebrated here. [6]

Languages of Tirap (2011) [6]

   Nocte (48.00%)
   Tangsa (10.90%)
   Garo (10.62%)
   Hindi (7.30%)
   Wancho (5.26%)
   Bengali (3.77%)
   Nepali (3.00%)
   Assamese (2.36%)
   Chang (1.37%)
   Phom (1.16%)
   Adi (1.11%)
   Nyishi (1.07%)
  Others (4.08%)


Religion in Tirap district (2011) [7]
ReligionPer cent


Most of the educational institutions in Tirap district are located in Deomali.

Wangcha Rajkumar Government College, Deomali. It is the sole college in Tirap & Longding districts.

Ramakrishna Mission School, Narottam Nagar, Deomali.

• St. George School, Deomali.

• Ramakrishna Sarada Mission School

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arunachal Pradesh</span> State in northeast India

Arunachal Pradesh is a state in northeast India. It was formed from the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA) region, and India declared it as a state on 20 February 1987. Itanagar is its capital and largest town. It borders the Indian states of Assam and Nagaland to the south. It shares international borders with Bhutan in the west, Myanmar in the east, and a disputed 1,129 km border with China's Tibet Autonomous Region in the north at the McMahon Line.

The Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh has a total population of roughly 1.4 million on an area of 84,000 km2, amounting to a population density of about 17 pop./km2. The "indigenous groups" account for about two thirds of population, while immigrants, mostly of Bengali/Hindi belt origin, account for a third person.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Changlang district</span> District of Arunachal Pradesh in India

Changlang district (Pron:/tʃæŋˈlæŋ/) is located in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, located south of Lohit district and north of Tirap district. Naga people reside here. As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Arunachal Pradesh, after Papum Pare. It has become one of the major districts in the area owing to the presence of crude oil, coal and mineral resources other than tourism and hydropower.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nocte people</span> Tibeto-Burmese ethnic group in Arunachal Pradesh, India

The Nocte people, also known as the Nocte Naga, are a Tibeto-Burmese ethnic group primarily living in Northeast Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. They number about 111,679, mainly found in the Patkai hills of Tirap district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Ethnically related to the Konyak Naga, their origins can be traced back to the Hukong Valley in Myanmar, where they migrated from between the 1670 and 1700.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tangsa Naga</span>

The Tangshang people or Tangsa Naga, are of Tibeto-Burmese ethnic group of the Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. They are also reside in Sagaing Region and parts of Kachin State of Myanmar. In Myanmar they were formerly known as Rangpang, Pangmi, and Haimi. They speak their own language Tangsa.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wancho Naga</span> Tribe in Arunachal Pradesh, India

The Wancho people, also known as the Wancho Naga, are a Tibeto-Burmese indigenous ethnic group inhabiting the Patkai hills of Longding district in the Northeast Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. Wancho's history is mostly based on present day Nagaland.Even today, There are villages in Wancho inhabited area in Arunachal and konyak inhabited Mon Nagaland with the same names for example Longkei village. The Wancho language belongs to the Tibeto-Burman family under Northern Naga languages.

Khonsa is the headquarters of Tirap district in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. It also houses Ramakrishna Sarada Mission School, Christ The King ICSE School. The Noctes, a Wancho tribe, are the indigenous population, although the town is cosmopolitan in nature, people from every Indian state can be found here. It is 43km away from Deomali Town.

The Konyaks are a major Naga ethnic group native to the Northeast Indian state of Nagaland. They inhabit the Mon District, which is also known as The Land of the Anghs. The Anghs/Wangs are their traditional chiefs whom they hold in high esteem. Facial tattoos were earned for taking an enemy's head.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Deomali</span> Town in Arunachal Pradesh, India

Deomali is a census town in Tirap district in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, India. The town has scenic beauty, it is surrounded by hills, tea gardens, forests, rivers etc. It serves as the headquarters of both Deomali sub division and Namsang block. It is considered as the education hub of Tirap district and is home to Wangcha Rajkumar Government College, Deomali and renowned educational institution Ramakrishna Mission School, Narottam Nagar. Deomali also has a centre of Krishi Vigyan Kendra. The Coffee Board of India has established a Technical Evaluation Centre in Deomali, one of its such six centres in India. Additionally, Coffee Board of India maintains a 26 acres coffee plantation in Deomali. The town is 250km from state capital Itanagar, 43km from district headquarter Khonsa, 30km from Margherita, 33km from Naharkatia, 46km from Tinsukia, 73km from Dibrugarh and 455km from Guwahati.

The Tutsa people, also known as the Tutsa Naga, are a Tibeto-Burmese ethnic group inhabiting the western parts of Changlang and Khimiyong circles and the eastern part of Tirap districts of the Northeast Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. Ethnically, the Tutsa are closely related to the Tangsa and were classified as members of the Tangsa in all census records until 1981. As of 2001 their population stood at 25,000.

The Konyak languages, or alternatively the Konyakian or Northern Naga languages, is a branch of Sino-Tibetan languages spoken by various Naga peoples in southeastern Arunachal Pradesh and northeastern Nagaland states of northeastern India. They are not particularly closely related to other Naga languages spoken further to the south, but rather to other Sal languages such as Jingpho and the Bodo-Garo languages. There are many dialects, and villages even a few kilometers apart frequently have to rely on a separate common language.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Diyun</span> Sub- District in Arunachal Pradesh, India

Diyun a small township or small city on the rise, is located in Changlang District of Arunachal Pradesh. It got its name from a very small seasonal river by the same name. It is located at 27°31'28"N and 96°8'33"E, geographically. It is surrounded by the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas on two sides and by the Patkai Bum Range of mountains on one side.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tangsa language</span> Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Burma and India

Tangsa, also known as Tase and Tase Naga, is a Sino-Tibetan language or language cluster spoken by the Tangsa people of Burma and north-eastern India. Some varieties, such as Shangge (Shanke), are likely distinct languages. There are about 60,000 speakers in Burma and 40,000 speakers in India. The dialects of Tangsa have disparate levels of lexical similarity, ranging from 35%–97%.

Nocte is a Northern Naga language of northeastern India. Alternate names include Borduria, Jaipuria, Mohongia, Namsangia, Nocte, Nokte, and Paniduria (Ethnologue).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wancho language</span> Language

Wancho (वांचो‎) is a Konyak language of north-eastern India. Wancho is spoken in 36 villages of southeastern Longding district, Tirap district, Arunachal Pradesh, as well as in Assam and Nagaland (Ethnologue). Alternate names include Banpara Naga, Joboka, Jokoba.

Longding district (Pron:/lɒŋˈdɪŋ/) is one of the 20 administrative districts of Arunachal Pradesh in northeastern India. It was carved out of the south-western portion of the Tirap District. The district shares its boundary to the south and south-east with the country of Myanmar. Its boundary to the west and the north are shared with the Indian states of Nagaland and Assam, respectively. Towards the north-east is the Tirap District from which the district was carved out in 2012. The district has a population of around 60000 and an area of roughly 1200 square kilometers. Longding has a pleasant climate throughout the year. Due to its hilly terrain, the temperature ranges from 15C to 30C in summers).

Yumsem Matey is a politician from Lazu Village, Tirap Dist. Arunachal Pradesh, state in India. He is member of Arunachal Pradesh Assembly from Khonsa West in Tirap district. He belong to Indian National congress. First Graduate from OLLO Community, in the year 1992–93, from Government College, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh. Served as District Adult Education Officer (DAEO) in Changlang, Changlang District, Arunachal Pradesh.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pullong, Tirap</span>

Pullong is a village in Khonsa Tehsil of Tirap district in Arunachal Pradesh, India. According to Census 2011 information, the location code or village code of Pullong village is 264478. Khonsa is the nearest town to Pullong village.

Longphong is a census village in Longding circle of Tirap district in Arunachal Pradesh, India. Longphong is 78 km from Khonsa, the district headquarters. In the 2011 Census of India, it had a population of 1,174 people including 493 males and 681 females. Longphong is mainly populated by Wancho tribal people.


  1. Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  2. Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Arunachal Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1113. ISBN   978-81-230-1617-7.{{cite book}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  3. "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Archived from the original on 1 December 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Cornwall Island 2,358km2
  4. "Assembly Constituencies allocation w.r.t District and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Arunachal Pradesh website. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
  5. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Grenada 108,419 July 2011 est.
  6. 1 2 "C-16 population by mother tongue". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Archived from the original on 31 March 2022.
  7. "Population by religion community – 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.[ dead link ]

26°59′27″N95°30′10″E / 26.9907°N 95.5028°E / 26.9907; 95.5028