Tiritiri Matangi Lighthouse

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Tiritiri Matangi Lighthouse
Tiritri Matangi lighthouse and macrocarpa tree.jpg
The lighthouse in 2010
Tiritiri Matangi Lighthouse
LocationTiritiri Matangi
North Island
New Zealand
Coordinates 36°36′20.4″S174°53′50.8″E / 36.605667°S 174.897444°E / -36.605667; 174.897444
Tower
Constructed1864
Constructioncast iron tower [1]
Automated1925 (1st), 1984 (2nd) [1]
Height20 metres (66 ft) [1]
Shapecylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markingswhite tower, black lantern roof
Power sourcesolar power  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Operator Department of Conservation [2]
HeritageHeritage New Zealand Category 1 historic place listing  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Light
First lit1865
Focal height91 metres (299 ft) [1]
Range18 nautical miles (33 km; 21 mi) [1]
Characteristic FL W 15s
Designated25 June 1992
Reference no. 5403

Tiritiri Matangi Lighthouse, also known as Tiritiri Lighthouse, is a lighthouse on Tiritiri Matangi, an island in the Hauraki Gulf 28 km north of Auckland in the North Island of New Zealand. It is owned and operated by Maritime New Zealand. It is considered the best-preserved lighthouse complex in the country, [3] and is the oldest lighthouse in New Zealand still in operation. [1] It was once the most powerful lighthouse in the Southern Hemisphere. [4]

Contents

History

Constructed in 1864 [3] from cast iron, the light was first lit on 1 January 1865. The light was first automated in 1925 and used an acetylene burning revolving light. Keepers returned to the light in 1947 and it remained staffed until 1984 when the light was fully automated. The light's last keeper, Ray Walter, remained on the island working with his wife Barbara as Department of Conservation rangers until their retirement in 2006. [1] [5]

The lighthouse along with the nearby visitor centre is a popular destination, although the light itself is not open to the public. [1] The building has a Category I listing with Heritage New Zealand. [6]

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Tiritiri Matangi". Maritime New Zealand . Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  2. Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of New Zealand: North Island". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill . Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  3. 1 2 "Auckland Places – Tiritiri Matangi Island". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand . Government of New Zealand. Archived from the original on 1 March 2010. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
  4. "The Hauraki Gulf Marine Park, Part 2". Inset to The New Zealand Herald . 3 March 2010. p. 8.
  5. "Dawn Chorus Bulletin 66" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 10 June 2007. (0.99  MiB), August 2006. Supporters of Tiritiri Matangi, Inc. ISSN   1171-8595.
  6. "Tiritiri Lighthouse". New Zealand Heritage List/Rārangi Kōrero. Heritage New Zealand . Retrieved 6 March 2010.

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