Tirkennedy

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Tirkennedy
Tír Cheannada [1] (Irish)
Tirkennedy barony.png
Location of Tirkennedy, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland.
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country Northern Ireland
County Fermanagh

Tirkennedy (from Irish Tír Cheannada 'country of the long-head') is a barony in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. [2] To its west lies Lower Lough Erne and south Upper Lough Erne, and it is bordered by seven other baronies: Clanawley and Magheraboy to the west; Lurg and Omagh East to the north; Clogher to the east; Magherastephana and Knockninny to the south. [2]

Contents

History

Despite its name, Tirkennedy has nothing to do with the modern personal name of Kennedy, which derives from Cennétig (ugly/rough headed). Rather it takes its name from the epithet of Fergus son of Cremthann, the eponymous ancestor of the Ui Chremthainn, the predominant tribe of the western Airgialla. [1] [3] Fergus lived in the late fifth century AD. He was known as Cennfhota (long-head). His descendants became known as the Ui Chennfhota, with the kingdom of Tir Cennfhota receiving its first mention in the Annals in 1349. [4] [3]

Chieftains of Tirkennedy at the beginning of the Maguire’s reign over Fermanagh in the late 1200s were the Magunshinan, originally Mac Uinsionnain but anglicised to Nugent. [5] The Devine (Irish : Ó Daimhín ) sept were cited as Lords of Tirkennedy, [3] [6] and were a leading Fermanagh sept up to and including the fifteenth century, when the O'Neills broke their power to the north and the Maguires to the south. [6] Under the Maguires, the MacManus sept became hereditary supervisors of the fisheries in Tirkennedy. [7]

The early Anglicisation of "Tircannada" recorded in the 1609 escheated counties map is claimed as being more accurate than the present form of "Tirkennedy". [1]

List of main settlements

List of civil parishes

Civil parishes within the barony of Tirkennedy, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland Barony of Tirkennedy.png
Civil parishes within the barony of Tirkennedy, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland

Below is a list of civil parishes in Tirkennedy: [8]

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Knockninny</span> Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

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Magheraboy is a barony in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. To its east lies Lower Lough Erne, and it is bordered by three other baronies in Northern Ireland: Lurg to the north; Tirkennedy to the east; and Clanawley to the south It also borders two baronies in the Republic of Ireland: Tirhugh to the north; and Rosclogher to the south. The westernmost point of Magheraboy is also the westernmost point of Northern Ireland..

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clogher (barony)</span> Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Omagh East</span> Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Strabane Lower". Placenames Database of Ireland. Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  2. 1 2 PRONI Baronies of Northern Ireland
  3. 1 2 3 The Letters of John O'Donovan Archived 2010-07-28 at the Wayback Machine
  4. The barony of Tirkennedy in Co. Fermanagh
  5. "John O'Donovan Maguires of Fermanagh From Duffy's Hibernian Magazine, Volume 2, Number 10, April, 1861" . Retrieved 4 September 2022.
  6. 1 2 Bell, Robert; The Book of Ulster Surnames, page 51. The Black Staff Press, 2003. ISBN   0-85640-602-3
  7. The Baronies of Ireland - Family History
  8. PRONI CIvil Parishes of County Fermanagh