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Tirlyansky (Russian : Тирлянский; Bashkir : Тирлән, Tirlän), also known as Tirlyan, Tirlian and Bashkir Tirlan, is a village in the Beloretsky District of Bashkortostan, [1] the center and the only settlement of the Tirlyansk soviet. It is located at the confluence of the Tirlian River and the Belaya River 33 km from Beloretsk. The nearest railway station is 41km away.


Ruins left from the Tirlyansk iron plant, washed away by the flood in 1994. Ruiny Tirlianskogo zavoda.jpg
Ruins left from the Tirlyansk iron plant, washed away by the flood in 1994.

Plans began in 1759 for an iron works in the village but it was not till 1803 that the plant began operations. A full road was only constructed to the town in 1913, built by Chinese workers. The railway was built soon after.

After the construction of an asphalt road in 2001 between Tirlyan and Beloretsk, the movement of passenger trains Beloretsk-Tirlian-Beloretsk was closed since 20 May 2002. By autumn 2003, a section of a narrow-gauge railway between Tirlyan and Verkhnearshinsky was dismantled. As of the end of 2003, the narrow-gauge line from Beloretsk to Tirlyan remained alive. On it was an irregular movement - mainly the export of rolling stock from Tirlyan to scrap metal. Periodically, from Beloretsk to Tirlian, fuel oil for the boiler room was also delivered. These last 34 kilometers were once the most important section of the Beloretsk railway, where hundreds of passengers drove daily. The last section of the Beloretsk narrow-gauge railway (from Beloretsk to Katayki) was dismantled in the spring and summer of 2007.

In 1994 the village was affected by terrible floods.


In Tirliansky, despite the small size of the village, there are a lot of attractions: The main one is the ruins of the Iron plant. The plant was closed after the 1994 flood.

Near the ruins of the plant is a huge iron wheel with spokes. This is one of two drivers for the rolling mills. There is still a hollow in the rocks, where the Beloretskaya narrow-gauge railway line (BUW) ran, through which opens a beautiful view of the reservoir opens up.


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  1. "Tirlyan / Tirlyan, Bashkortostan, Russia, Europe". travelingluck.com. Retrieved 2017-03-26.
  2. Stats 1959 at Демографические показатели 2017.
  3. Stats 1970 at Демографические показатели 2017.
  4. Stats 1979 at Демографические показатели 2017.
  5. Stats 1989 at Демографические показатели 2017.
  6. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls [ bare URL spreadsheet file ]
  7. Административно-территориальное устройство Республики Башкортостан: Справочник / Сост. Р. Ф. Хабиров. — Уфа: Белая Река, 2007. — 416 с. — 10 000 экз. — ISBN   978-5-87691-038-7.
  8. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Численность населения по населённым пунктам Республики Башкортостан. Проверено 20 августа 2014. Архивировано из первоисточника 20 августа 2014.

Coordinates: 54°14′N58°40′E / 54.233°N 58.667°E / 54.233; 58.667