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Atlético Madrid (1902–1913)
Tiro del Pichón (Spanish : Pigeon Hit), also known as Campo del Retiro (Retiro), or Campo de la Rana (Spanish : Frogs Field), was the first football pitch of Real Madrid between 1901 and 1902. They were not an official club at that time, playing friendly games on this field. Meetings were held there until 1903, the date the entity moved to the Campo de Jorge Juan.
The main team at this stadium was Atlético Madrid. They used this field between 1902 and 1913 before moving to Campo de O'Donnell from 1913 to 1923.Atlético Madrid's Campo de O'Donnell had the same name as Real Madrid's Campo de O'Donnell for 10 years because their locations were very close to each other, less than 200 meters on the main boulevard called Calle de O'Donnell.
Tiro del Pichón hosted three Spanish Cup finals: 1904, 1905, and 1910.
The field was a piece of land behind the walls of the Parque del Buen Retiro in Madrid between the Frontón del Retiro and the now-extinct Pigeon Shooting Range, in which players who had left New Foot-Ball Club played some games before officially becoming Madrid FC on 6 March 1902, later moving to the esplanade next to the Goya bullring (now the Palacio de Deportes), a piece of land that is now the Campo de Jorge Juan.From then on it was the Athletic Madrid (Athletic Club branch) who began to play their matches there, from 1903 to 1913.
The land was practically for public use and was sometimes used as a space for military training. [ citation needed ]It was also used to practice other sports and even a young Juan de la Cierva tested the prototypes of what would be the autogyro. The field was not fenced, so there was no separation between the players and the public, but it had a deep ditch around it to prevent the garbage carts pulled by oxen from accessing the pitch to dump waste. The playing field was smoothed by the players themselves, who arrived early to paint the lines of the field and carry the goals on their shoulders, which they had to fix on the ground to be able to play their matches. Likewise, due to the unevenness of the playing field, the field became flooded on rainy days, so they had to reduce the water by opening ditches that served as drainage. The laundry and ironing of the kits were done in the house of Mrs. María and her son Casimiro, located next to the field, who left a room for the referee's night and provided a jar with water for the players to wash. Thanks to the increase in football fans, they set up their small business serving soft drinks with lemon syrup and barley water at 10 cents a glass (the gossips said that it was the dirty water from the jar). Despite these circumstances, at that time it was the best football field in Madrid.
On 2 May 1903, coinciding with the commemoration of the Dos de Mayo Uprising, Athletic Madrid played their very first match between the 25 members that formed it, except for the treasurer Enrique Goiri who acted as referee. The players were divided into two teams of 12 so as not to leave anyone out and one team played in the official colors of Athletic Club at the time: a shirt with a dark blue stripe and the other white, black shorts and black socks and the other team dressed completely in white. The result was not recorded and is currently unknown.
On 20 November 1903, improvements were made to the pitch and the field premiered nets on the goals in a Madrid Championship match between Moncloa FC and Madrid FC that ended with a 3–1 victory for the former.
Tiro del Pichón hosted back-to-back Copa del Rey finals in 1904 and 1905. In the former, Athletic Bilbao were declared winners after their opponents, Club Español de Madrid, failed to turn up.On the other hand, the latter was played between Athletic and Madrid FC, ending in a 0–1 win to the Madrid side, courtesy of a late goal from Manuel Prast. In 1910, Tiro del Pichón hosted a third and last cup final, the 1910 FEF Copa del Rey Final, which ended with a dramatic last-minute winner from Pepe Rodríguez that sealed an epic comeback to FC Barcelona, winning 3–2 over Español de Madrid.
In 1912, Julián Ruete was elected president of the club and, given the increase in fans who wanted to see the team play, he built a new field. The Tiro del Pichón had an irregular playing field, with ditches around it and no fences, and moreover, the increase in the number of supporters meant a need for fences, as to avoid the authorities having to organize security measures every time a match was played. And so, a year later, Athletic de Madrid moved to Campo de O'Donnell.
Club Atlético de Madrid, S.A.D., known simply as Atleti in the Spanish-speaking world and commonly referred to at international level as Atlético Madrid, is a Spanish professional football club based in Madrid that plays in La Liga. The club play their home games at the Metropolitano, which has a capacity of 68,456.
Pedro Parages Diego-Madrazo was a Franco-Spanish footballer, manager, and the 5th President of Real Madrid from July 1916 until 16 May 1926. During his mandate, Madrid FC received the Royal title (Real) from the hands of the King Alfonso XIII.
Metropolitano Stadium, also referred to as Cívitas Metropolitano for sponsorship reasons, is a stadium in Madrid, Spain. It has been the home stadium of Atlético Madrid since the 2017–18 season. It is located in the Rosas neighbourhood, in the San Blas-Canillejas district.
The Copa del Rey 1904 was the second staging of the Copa del Rey, the Spanish football cup competition.
The Copa del Rey 1905 was the 3rd staging of the Copa del Rey, the Spanish football cup competition.
The Copa del Rey 1910 comprised two different competitions held the same year.
The Copa del Rey 1916 was the 16th staging of the Copa del Rey, the Spanish football cup competition.
The Copa del Rey 1918 was the 18th staging of the Copa del Rey, the Spanish football cup competition.
The Copa del Rey 1921 was the 21st staging of the Copa del Rey, the Spanish football cup competition.
The 1905 Copa del Rey Final was the third final of the Copa del Rey, the Spanish football cup competition. The match took place on 18 April 1905 at the Hipódromo, Madrid. The match was contested by Athletic Bilbao and Madrid FC. Madrid was awarded the trophy for the first time after defeating Athletic Bilbao 1–0 with Manuel Prast netting the only goal of the match.
The 1910 Copa del Rey Final (FEF) was the 9th final of the Spanish cup competition, the Copa del Rey. It was one of two rival Cup competitions played in that year due to disagreements between the reigning champion of the tournament, Club Ciclista de San Sebastián, and some of the clubs invited.
Campo de Jorge Juan or Explanada de la Plaza de Toros was the Real Madrid home stadium between 1902 and 1912, after the foundation of the club on 6 March 1902. Before becoming a club, the players of Real Madrid used another field from that part of the city, called Tiro del Pichón, next to the Buen Retiro Park. After moving on this new place, Tiro del Pichón became the main stadium of Atlético Madrid.
Campo de O'Donnell was Atlético Madrid's main stadium between 1913 and 1923. It should not be confused with Atlético's fierce rivals Real Madrid's Campo de O'Donnell, which had the same name and was situated 200 meters away on the same boulevard called Calle de O'Donnell. On the other hand, the Atletico stadium was located in the block formed by the streets of O'Donnell, Narváez and Menorca. Atlético Madrid moved from Tiro del Pichón in 1913. Their inaugural match at the stadium was held on 9 February 1913 against Athletic Bilbao, who won 4–0.
Football is the most popular sport, both in terms of participants and spectators, in Madrid. Madrid is the only city that had derby matches in the UEFA Champions League finals.
Julián Ruete Muniesa was a player, referee, coach and football manager in Spain at the beginning of the 20th century. He was also a director of the Royal Spanish Football Federation.
Enrique Goiri Bayo was a Spanish footballer who played as a midfielder for Athletic Club. He was one of the most important footballers in the amateur beginnings of Athletic Club, being among the 7 founders of the club in 1898, and then serving the club as a player, winning both the 1902 Copa de la Coronación and 1903 Copa del Rey, which were the club's very first piece of silverware. He was then involved in the foundation of Club Athletic de Madrid in 1903.
The Solar de Estrada, also known as Campo de Estrada, was a piece of land used as a football pitch by Madrid FC in its early years in 1900. It is best known for being regarded as the first settlement in the beginnings of Madrid FC, who were not even an official club at that time, playing several friendly games on this field before moving to Tiro del Pichón and Campo de Jorge Juan.
Manuel Vallarino de Iraola was a Spanish footballer who played as a forward for Madrid FC and Español de Madrid. He also served as the third president of New Foot-Ball Club, and he was the team's captain at the 1902 Copa de la Coronación. He was part of the historic Madrid team that played in the first-ever Copa del Rey in 1903.
Eustaquio Celada was a Spanish footballer who played as a forward for Madrid FC, Athletic de Madrid and Athletic Club. He was one of the most important figures in the amateur beginnings of football in Madrid, being involved in the foundation of both Real Madrid CF and Atlético Madrid). He also started for Madrid in the very first El Clásico in history on 13 May 1902, and featured in two back-to-back Copa del Rey finals in 1906 and 1907.
The Limiako Hippodrome, or the Hippodrome of Lamiako, was a sports venue based in the Lamiako neighborhood of Leioa, Biscay, Basque Country. Originally an equestrian venue, it's now best remembered as a historic football venue. The Campo de Lamiako played a pivotal role in the early steps of football in the Basque Country as one of the first football fields in the city, serving as a practice ground for the city’s first known football matches between the members of the Club Atleta of the Nervión Shipyards. In 1894, the Limiako field hosted a match between young Bilbao enthusiasts and British workers, which is now regarded as one of the first ‘international’ matches in the history of the sport.