Tiropita

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Tiropita
Tiropita Greek dish.jpg
Tiropita with garnish.
Place of originFlag of Greece.svg  Greece
Main ingredients phyllo, eggs, cheese

Tiropita or tyropita (Greek: τυρóπιτα, "cheese-pie") is a Greek pastry made with layers of buttered phyllo and filled with a cheese-egg mixture. [1] It is served either in an individual-size free-form wrapped shape, or as a larger pie that is portioned.

Contents

When made with kasseri cheese, it may be called kasseropita (κασερόπιτα). [2]

Spanakotiropita is filled with spinach and cheese; cf. spanakopita. [3]

History

According to some scholars, it is stated that in Ancient Greek cuisine, placenta cake (or plakous, πλακοῦς), and its descendants in Byzantine cuisine, plakountas tetyromenous (πλακούντας τετυρομένους, "cheesy placenta") and en tyritas plakountas (εν τυρίτας πλακούντας, "cheese-inserted placenta"), are the ancestors of modern tiropita. [4] [5] A recipe in Greek tradition recorded in Cato the Elder's De Agri Cultura (160 BC) describes placenta as a sweet layered cheese dish: [4] [6] [7]

Shape the placenta as follows: place a single row of tracta along the whole length of the base dough. This is then covered with the mixture [cheese and honey] from the mortar. Place another row of tracta on top and go on doing so until all the cheese and honey have been used up. Finish with a layer of tracta...place the placenta in the oven and put a preheated lid on top of it [...] When ready, honey is poured over the placenta.

Placenta remains the name for a flat baked pie containing cheese in Aromanian (plãtsintã) and in Romanian (plăcintă).

Other sources state that Turks also developed similar layered dishes like tiropita. Layered pan-fried breads were developed by the Turks of Central Asia in the Late Middle Ages. [8]

The ancient tyropatinum described by Apicius, despite the similarity in name, was a sweet custard with no crust. [9]

See also

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References

Citations

  1. Ozimek, Sarah (1 February 2017). "Tiropita (Greek Cheese Pies)". Curious Cuisinière. Retrieved 10 February 2020. Tiropita (or tyropita) is a Greek pie made from layers of phyllo dough that are filled with a cheese and egg mixture.
  2. Dr. Catherine Donnelly & Mateo Kehler (2016). The Oxford Companion to Cheese. Oxford University Press. ISBN   9780199330904 . Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  3. "Hellenic Palace" (restaurant review), New York 1:4:5 (April 29, 1968)
  4. 1 2 Faas 2005 , pp. 184–185.
  5. Salaman 1986 , p. 184; Vryonis 1971 , p. 482.
  6. Cato the Elder. De Agri Cultura, 76.
  7. Goldstein 2015 , "ancient world": "The next cake of note, first mentioned about 350 B.C.E. by two Greek poets, is plakous. [...] At last, we have recipes and a context to go with the name. Plakous is listed as a delicacy for second tables, alongside dried fruits and nuts, by the gastronomic poet Archestratos. He praises the plakous made in Athens because it was soaked in Attic honey from the thyme-covered slopes of Mount Hymettos. His contemporary, the comic poet Antiphanes, tells us the other main ingredients, goat’s cheese and wheat flour. Two centuries later, in Italy, Cato gives an elaborate recipe for placenta (the same name transcribed into Latin), redolent of honey and cheese. The modern Romanian plăcintă and the Viennese Palatschinke, though now quite different from their ancient Greek and Roman ancestor, still bear the same name."
  8. Perry 2000 , pp. 87–92.
  9. Betty Wason, Cooks, Gluttons and Gourmets, 2018, ISBN   178912459X, n.p.

Sources