Tirtha (Jainism)

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Adishwar Temple, one of the Dilwara Temples, Mount Abu. Delwada.jpg
Adishwar Temple, one of the Dilwara Temples, Mount Abu.
The Gomatheswara at Shravanabelagola 978-993 AD. Gomateswara.jpg
The Gomatheswara at Shravanabelagola 978–993 AD.

In Jainism, a tīrtha (Sanskrit : तीर्थ "ford, a shallow part of a body of water that may be easily crossed") is used to refer both to pilgrimage sites as well as to the four sections of the sangha . A tirtha provides the inspiration to enable one to cross over from worldly engagement to the side of moksha . [1]


Jain tirthas are located throughout India. Often a tirtha has a number of temples as well as residences (dharmashala) for the pilgrims and wandering monks and scholars.


Tirtha sites include: [2]


Geographically, the tirthas are divided into six quarters: [3]

See also

Related Research Articles

Jainism, also known as Jain Dharma, is an Indian religion. Jainism traces its spiritual ideas and history through the succession of twenty-four tirthankaras, with the first in the current time cycle being Rishabhadeva, whom the tradition holds to have lived millions of years ago, the twenty-third tirthankara Parshvanatha, whom historians date to the 9th century BCE, and the twenty-fourth tirthankara Mahavira, around 600 BCE. Jainism is considered to be an eternal dharma with the tirthankaras guiding every time cycle of the cosmology. The three main pillars of Jainism are ahiṃsā (non-violence), anekāntavāda (non-absolutism), and aparigraha (asceticism).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shikharji</span> Jain pilgrimage centre and hill forest in Jharkhand, India

Shikharji, also known as Sammed or Sammet Shikharji, is one of the Holiest pilgrimage sites for Jains, in Giridih district, Jharkhand. It is located on Parasnath hill, the highest mountain in the state of Jharkhand. It is the most important Jain Tirtha, for it is the place where twenty of the twenty-four Jain tirthankaras along with many other monks attained Moksha. It is one of the five principal pilgrimage destinations along with Girnar, Pawapuri, Champapuri, Dilwara, Palitana and Ashtapad Kailash.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kumbhoj</span>

Kumbhoj is the name of an ancient town located in Kolhapur district in Maharashtra. The town is about eight kilometers from Hatkanangale, about twenty seven kilometers from Kolhapur and currently, also is the Taluka or Tehsil Headquarters. The famous Jain Tirtha known as Bahubali, is just two kilometers away from the Kumbhoj city.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bhattaraka</span>

A Bhaṭṭāraka heads traditional Digambara Jain institutions. He is responsible for training scholars, maintenance of libraries, managing endowments, presiding over installation ceremonies and running Jain institutions.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Siddhachalam</span> First Jain pilgrimage site located outside of India

Siddhachalam is the first Jain Tirtha located outside of India. Founded in 1983 by Sushil Kumar, it is located on a 108-acre (44ha) site in rural New Jersey, United States. Siddhachalam literally means the abode of liberated souls.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jainism in Bundelkhand</span>

Bundelkhand, a region in central India, has been an ancient center of Jainism. It covers northern part of Madhya Pradesh and south western part of Uttar Pradesh.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jainism in Gujarat</span>

Jainism has had a notable following in Gujarat. According to the 2011 Census of India, around 0.959% of the population of Gujarat is Jain. There are several old Jain temples that draw pilgrims from Jains around the world in places such as Palitana, Taranga, Sankheshwar, Idar.

A manastambha is a pillar that is often constructed in front of Jain temples or large Jain statues. In North India, they are topped by four Tirthankara images.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jain temple</span> Place of worship for Jains, the followers of Jainism

A Jain temple, Derasar or Basadi is the place of worship for Jains, the followers of Jainism. Jain architecture is essentially restricted to temples and monasteries, and Jain buildings generally reflect the prevailing style of the place and time they were built.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shantinatha</span> 16th Tirthankara in Jainism in current cycle of Jain cosmology

Śhāntinātha or Śhānti is the sixteenth Tīrthaṅkara of Jainism in the present age. According to traditional accounts, he was born to King Vishvasena and Queen Aćira of the Ikshvaku dynasty in the north Indian city of Hastinapur. His birth date is the thirteenth day of the Jyest Krishna month of the Indian calendar. He was also a Chakravartin and a Kamadeva. He ascended to the throne when he was 25 years old. After over 25,000 years on the throne, he became a Jain monk and started his penance.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Champapuri</span> Village in Bihar, India

Champapuri, Chamanagri or champanager is a suburban in Bhagalpur city in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the site of the ancient city of Champa, the capital of the Anga mahajanapada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sonagiri</span>

Sonagiri or Swarnagiri about 60 km from Gwalior, has scores of Jain temples dating from the 9th century onwards. It is located in the Datia district of Madhya Pradesh, India. This location is popular among devotees and ascetic saints to practice self-discipline, and austerity and to attain Moksha. This place also has a Jain museum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Muktagiri</span>

Muktagiri, or Mendhagiri, is a Jain pilgrimage centre, located on border of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra in India. It comes under Bhainsdehi tehsil of Betul district and is 14 km (14,000 m) from Paratwada in Amravati district.

Religion and spirituality, a pilgrimage is a long journey or search of great moral significance. Sometimes, it is a journey to a sacred place or shrine of importance to a person's beliefs and faith. Members of every major religion participate in pilgrimages. A person who makes such a journey is called a pilgrim.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shatrunjaya</span> Giriraj or Shetrunjay is Shaswat

Sri Aadinath bhagwan or Rishabhdevaji bhagwan climbed this tirth 9900 purab bar

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Palitana temples</span> Jain temples in Palitana Gujarat

The Palitana temples are the large groups of Jain temples located on Shatrunjaya hills near Palitana in Bhavnagar district, Gujarat, India. Also known as Padliptapur of Kathiawad in historic texts, the dense collection of over 800 small shrines and large temples here has led many to call Palitana as a "city of temples". It is one of the most sacred sites of Svetambara tradition within Jainism. These temples were built in and after the 11th century CE.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aranatha</span>

Aranath(Arnath) was the eighteenth Jain Tirthankar of the present half cycle of time (Avasarpini). He was also the eighth Chakravartin and thirteenth Kamadeva. According to Jain beliefs, he was born around 16,585,000 BCE. He became a siddha i.e. a liberated soul which has destroyed all of its karmas. Aranath was born to King Sudarshana and Queen Devi (Mitra) at Hastinapur in the Ikshvaku dynasty. His birth date was the tenth day of the Migsar Krishna month of the Indian calendar.

<i>Tirth Pat</i>

Tirth Pat or Patta is a religious map and topographical rendering used in Śvētāmbara Jainism religion for representing places of pilgrimage (Tirtha). Tirth Pat is different than the conventional map making and is not drawn to scale. Tirth Pat is not indicative of distances, elevation, topography and direction and is solely used for evocation of Jain pilgrimages (Tirthas). It is believed in Jainism that mere viewing of a Tirth Pat earns merit for a devotee.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Girnar Jain temples</span> Jain pilgrimage site in Gujarat, India

There is a group of temples of Jainism on Mount Girnar near Junagadh in Junagadh district, Gujarat, India. These temples are sacred to both Digambara and the Svetambara branches of Jainism.


  1. Special features of sacred places of Jains Archived 2009-04-13 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Jainism: A Pictorial Guide to the Religion of Non-Violence, Kurt Titze, Motilal Banarsidass; 2nd edition (March 5, 2001)
  3. Bharat ke Digambar Jain Tirth, Volume 1, Balbhadra Jain, 1974