Tirupati district

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Tirupati district
Venkateshwara Tirupati Temple.jpg
ViewofSrikalahasti.jpg
Raani mahal.JPG
PSLV-C40- Lift off from First Launch Pad of SDSC SHAR Sriharikota 004.jpg
After heavy rain sky has been joined with cirrus and sun.......!.jpg
India - Pulicat Lake - 023 - lake landscape.jpg
Chengalamma Temple near SriCity.jpg
Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh (India).svg
Location of Tirupati district in Andhra Pradesh
Coordinates: 13°36′N79°24′E / 13.6°N 79.4°E / 13.6; 79.4 Coordinates: 13°36′N79°24′E / 13.6°N 79.4°E / 13.6; 79.4
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Andhraseal.png Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
Formed4 April 2022
Founded by Government of Andhra Pradesh
Headquarters Tirupati
Administrative Divisions
Government
   District collector K. Venkata Ramana Reddy IAS
   SP Sri P. Parameshwar
   Lok Sabha constituencies Tirupati
Lok Sabha list
   Assembly
Area
[1]
  Total8,231 km2 (3,178 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [2] [3]
  Total2,196,984
  Density270/km2 (690/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Telugu
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Postal Index Number
517XXX, 524XXX
Website tirupati.ap.gov.in

Tirupati district ( Loudspeaker.svg pronunciation  ) is one of the twenty-six districts in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and one of the eight districts in the Rayalaseema region of the Andhra Pradesh state. The district headquarters is located at Tirupati city. Tirupati district is known for its numerous historic temples, including the Hindu shrine of Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, Sri Kalahasteeswara temple and many others.The district is also home to Satish Dhawan Space Centre (formerly Sriharikota Range), a rocket launch centre located in Sriharikota and operated by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). The river Swarnamukhi flows through Srikalahasti and joins with the Bay of Bengal in this district. Industries include groundnuts and paddy fields.

Contents

The district is an educational hub and has central and state universities and institutes including IIT Tirupati, Sri Venkateswara University, National Sanskrit University, IISER Tirupati. The district is home to Sri City, one of the leading special economic zone (SEZ) in India with total investments of 4 billion USD and over two hundred companies from 28 countries. Sri City is considered a major industrial hub and SEZ in India.

Satellite view of Tirupati District Mandals Tirupati.png
Satellite view of Tirupati District Mandals

Geography

Tirupati district is located between the Northern Latitudes of 13°21′54″ and 14°30′40″ and between the Eastern Longitudes 79°5′42″ and 80°4′10″. It is bordered by SPSR Nellore district to the North, Chittoor and Annamayya districts to the west and Tiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu to south and Bay of Bengal to the east. The river Swarnamukhi flows from Srikalahasti in Tirupati district, and the major part of Pulicat Lake is in this district.

Etymology

The district derived its name from its main city, Tirupati. In Dravidian translation, tiru means sacred or Lakshmi and pati means abode or husband. [4] [5] [6]

History

On 26 January 2022, Balaji district was nominated as one of the twenty-six districts in a 13-district Andhra Pradesh, pending a final notification to be issued by the government of Andhra Pradesh. The district would be formed from Tirupati revenue division, from former Chittoor district, Gudur and Naidupeta revenue divisions of former Nellore district. [7] The name was later changed to Tirupati district and came into existence on 4 April 2022, with Gudur, Sullurupeta revenue divisions from Nellore district and Srikalahasti and Tirupati divisions from Chittoor district, with Srikalahasti division being newly created. [8] [9] [10]

Demographics

At the time of the 2011 census, Tirupati district had a population of 21,96,984. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 5,19,388 (23.64%) and 1,70,779 (7.77%) of the population respectively. [2] :92–96 [3] :82–87

Religions in Tirupati district (2011) [11]
ReligionPercent
Hindus
93.75%
Muslims
5.18%
Christians
0.72%
Other or not stated
0.35%
Distribution of religions

At the time of the 2011 census, 88.00% of the population spoke Telugu, 6.50% Tamil and 3.64% Urdu as their first language. [12]

Languages in Tirupati district (2011)
LanguagePercent
Telugu
88.00%
Tamil
6.50%
Urdu
3.64%
Other or not stated
1.84%
Distribution of languages

Administrative divisions

Tirupati District Revenue Divisions and Mandals Tirupati district.png
Tirupati District Revenue Divisions and Mandals

The district has four revenue divisions, Gudur, Srikalahasti, Sullurupeta and Tirupati and has one administrative headquarters Tirupati, each headed by a sub-collector. These revenue divisions are divided into 34 mandals. The district has one municipal corporation, Tirupati city. The district has six municipalities at Gudur, Srikalahasti, Naidupeta, Sullurpeta, Puttur and Venkatagiri.This district also comprises 822 Gram Panchayats and 1107 villages. [1]

Mandals

There are 9 mandals each in Tirupati division and Sullurupeta divisions, 8 mandals each in Gudur division and Srikalahasti divisions. The 34 mandals under their revenue divisions are listed below: [13]

Gudur division Srikalahasti division Sullurupeta division Tirupati division
Balayapalli K. V. B. Puram Buchi Naidu Kandriga Chandragiri
Chillakuru Nagalapuram Doravarisatram Chinnagottigallu
Chittamuru Narayanavanam Naidupeta Pakala
Dakkili Pichatur Ozili Puttur
Gudur Renigunta Pellakuru Ramachandrapuram
Kota Srikalahasti Satyavedu Tirupati Rural
Vakadu Thottambedu Sullurpeta Tirupati Urban
Venkatagiri Yerpedu Tada Vadamalapeta
Varadaiahpalem Yerravaripalem

Cities and towns

The district has one municipal corporation at Tirupati city, and six municipalities at Srikalahasti, Gudur, Naidupeta, Sullurpeta, Puttur and Venkatagiri. This district also has many census towns, 822 gram panchayats and 1107 villages. [1] [ non-primary source needed ]

 
 
Largest cities or towns in Tirupati district
As per the 2011 Census
Rank Division Pop.
Tirumala 090615.jpg
Tirupati
1 Tirupati Tirupati division 4,61,905 Gudur Junction railway station.jpg
Gudur
2 Srikalahasti Srikalahasti division 80,056
3 Gudur Gudur division 74,047
4 Yerpedu Srikalahasti division 58,403
5 Puttur Tirupati division 54,092
6 Satyavedu Sullurupeta division 52,979
7 Venkatagiri Gudur division 52,688
8 Sullurpeta Sullurupeta division 45,782
9 Naidupeta Sullurupeta division 45,055
10 Pakala Tirupati division 28,556
Municipal bodies in Tirupati district
S.No.NameCivic statusRevenue
division
Population
(2011 census)
1 Tirupati Municipal CorporationTirupati2,87,035
2SrikalahastiMunicipality Grade - 1Srikalahasti80,056
3GudurMunicipality Grade - 1Gudur74,047
4YerpeduCensus TownSrikalahasti58,403
5PutturMunicipality Grade - 3Tirupati54,092
6SatyaveduCensus TownSullurupeta52,979
7VenkatagiriMunicipality Grade - 3Gudur52,688
8SullurupetaMunicipality Grade - 3Sullurupeta45,782
9NaidupetaMunicipality Grade - 3Sullurupeta45,055
10PakalaCensus TownTirupati28,556

Education

Transport

Railways

This district has the third biggest railway station in Andhra Pradesh. Tirupati railway station is among the busiest railway stations of India, connected with all major cities of India. It is on the Renigunta-Katpadi railway line.

Tirupati city has five railway stations:

Tirupati district also has a major railway station at Gudur junction. The other important railway stations in the district are Srikalahasti railway station, Pakala junction, Puttur and Sullurupeta railway station.

Tirupati main railway station Tirupati Railway Station.JPG
Tirupati main railway station

Roadways

National Highway 71 connecting Madanapalle and Nayudupeta Via Pileru and NH 716 connecting Chennai in Tamil Nadu passes through the district. National Highway 16, a part of the Golden Quadrilateral connecting Kolkata-Chennai passes through Sullurpeta and Gudur towns in the district. A new six lane express way has been constructed between Tirupati and Bangalore via Chittoor.

Waterways

Dugarajapatnam Port is a proposed port in the district. [14]

Airways

Tirupati Airport View Tirupati Airport View.jpg
Tirupati Airport View

Sri Venkateswara Airport, the second-largest airport in Andhra Pradesh, is located 15 km (9.3 mi) from the Tirupati city centre and has daily flights to Coimbatore, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Bangalore, Mumbai, New Delhi, Kadapa, Rajahmundry, kolhapur,Vijayawada, Madurai, Tiruchirapalli, Pune, Shirdi, Belgaum, Hubli, Gulbarga, Visakhapatnam.

The closest international airport is Chennai International Airport which is 130 km (81 mi) from Tirupati. Tirupati Airport is being upgraded to an international airport. The new terminal was inaugurated on 22 October 2015. [15]

Notable people

Politics

There are one parliamentary and seven assembly constituencies in Tirupati district. The parliamentary constituency is Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency).

The assembly constituencies are: [17]

Constituency numberNameReserved for
(SC/ST/None)
Parliament
167 Tirupati None Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency)
121 Sullurpeta SC Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency)
122 Venkatagiri None Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency)
120 Gudur SC Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency)
168 Srikalahasti None Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency)
169 Satyavedu SC Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency)
166 Chandragiri None Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency)

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chittoor</span> City in Andhra Pradesh, India

Chittoor is a city and district headquarters in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is also the mandal and divisional headquarters of Chittoor mandal and Chittoor revenue division, respectively. The city has a population of 153,756 and that of the agglomeration is 175,647.

Sullurupeta is a town in Tirupati district of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Sullurpeta mandal and Sullurupeta revenue division. It serves as a gateway to Satish Dhawan Space Centre(SDSC) at Sriharikota.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tirupati</span> City in Andhra Pradesh, India

Tirupati is a city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of the Tirupati district. The city is home to the important Hindu shrine of Tirumala Venkateswara Temple and other historic temples and is referred to as the "Spiritual Capital of Andhra Pradesh". It is located at a distance of 150 km from Chennai, 250 km from Bangalore and 415 km from Amaravati. It is one of the eight Swayam vyaktha kshetras dedicated to Vishnu. Tirupati is a municipal corporation and the headquarters of Tirupati (urban) mandal, Tirupati (rural) mandal, and the Tirupati revenue division.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Srikalahasti</span> Town in Andhra Pradesh, India

Srikalahasti is a holy town in Tirupati district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the revenue division of Srikalahasti mandal & Srikalahasti revenue division. It is a part of Tirupati Urban Development Authority, which is located on the banks of the River Swarnamukhi.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pakala, Tirupati district</span> Town in Andhra Pradesh, India

Pakala is a town in Tirupati district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Pakala mandal. It comes under Tirupati revenue division.

Naidupet or Naidupeta or Nayudupeta is a town in Tirupati district of the Andhra Pradesh state of India. It also the mandal headquarters of Naidupeta mandal, and it is located in Sullurupeta revenue division.

Srikalahasti Assembly constituency is a constituency of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is one among 14 constituencies in Tirupati district.

Gudur mandal is one of the 34 mandals in Tirupati district of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. Its headquarters are located at Gudur. The mandal is situated on the coast of Bay of Bengal, bounded by Sydapuram, Manubolu, Balayapalle, Ojili and Chillakur mandals. It is a part of Gudur revenue division.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tirupati revenue division</span> Revenue division in Tirupati district in Andhra Pradesh, India

Tirupati revenue division is an administrative division in the Tirupati district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the 3 revenue divisions in the district with 9 mandals under its administration. Tirupati serves as the headquarters of the division. The division has 1 municipalities and 1 municipal corporation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Naidupeta revenue division</span> Former revenue division in Andhra Pradesh, India

Naidupeta revenue division, also spelt Nayudupeta revenue division, was an administrative division in the Nellore district of Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It was formed in 2013 with six mandals and was merged into the newly formed Sullurupeta revenue division of Tirupati district in 2022 as part of the reorganization of the districts in the state.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gudur revenue division</span> Revenue division in Tirupati district, Andhra Pradesh, India

Gudur revenue division is an administrative division in the Tirupati district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the four revenue divisions in the district with eight mandals under its administration. The divisional headquarters are located at Gudur.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Annamayya district</span> District in Andhra Pradesh in India created in 2022

Annamayya district is one of the twenty-six districts in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and one of the eight districts in the Rayalaseema region formed from Rajampeta Parliamentary Constituency. Rayachoti is the district administrative headquarters and Madanapalle is the largest city in the district. The newly formed district has 64.53% literacy rate, which is lower than state literacy which stands at 67.35%.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Srikalahasti revenue division</span> Revenue division in Tirupati district, Andhra Pradesh, India

Srikalahasti revenue division is an administrative division in the Tirupati district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.This division headquarters is located at Srikalahasti .It is one of the four revenue divisions in the district and comprises eight mandals. It was formed on 4 April 2022 along with the newly formed Tirupati district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sullurupeta revenue division</span> Revenue division in Tirupati district, Andhra Pradesh, India

Sullurupeta revenue division is an administrative division in the Tirupati district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the four revenue divisions in the district and comprises nine mandals. The division was part of Nellore district and was made a part of the newly formed Tirupati district on 4 April 2022.

Puttur mandal is one of the 34 mandals in Tirupati district of Andhra Pradesh in India. It has its headquarters at Puttur town and is part of Tirupati revenue division.

Vakadu mandal is one of the 34 mandals in Tirupati district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a part of Gudur revenue division.

Venkatagiri mandal is one of the 34 mandals in Tirupati district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a part of Gudur revenue division.

Doravarisatram mandal is one of the 34 mandals in Tirupati district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a part of Sullurupeta revenue division.

Chillakur mandal is one of the 34 mandals in Tirupati district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a part of Gudur revenue division and is headquartered at Chillakur.

Chittamur mandal is one of the 34 mandals in Tirupati district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a part of Gudur revenue division with its headquarters at Chittamur.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Tirupati District: At a glance". tirupati.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  2. 1 2 "District Census Hand Book - Nellore" (PDF). Census of India . Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  3. 1 2 "District Census Hand Book - Chittoor" (PDF). Census of India . Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  4. Oppert, Gustav Salomon (8 June 2017). On the Original Inhabitants of Bharatavarsa or India. BoD – Books on Demand. ISBN   9789925082193.
  5. "Full text of "On the original inhabitants of Bharatavarsa or India"". archive.org. 1893. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  6. "Index of /NASD/4a7f1db4-5792-415c-be79-266f41eef20a/upgrade-archive-06-14-2007/data/upload-allbooks/disk 3/Jan N/ENGLISH/The_Dravidians_/TXT". tera-3.ul.cs.cmu.edu. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  7. Raghavendra, V. (26 January 2022). "With creation of 13 new districts, AP now has 26 districts". The Hindu . ISSN   0971-751X. Archived from the original on 26 January 2022. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  8. "New districts to come into force on April 4". The Hindu . 30 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. Rangarajan, A. d (3 April 2022). "Andhra Pradesh: Govt. agrees to name new district 'Tirupati'". The Hindu. ISSN   0971-751X . Retrieved 7 April 2022.
  10. "కొత్త జిల్లా తాజా స్వరూపం". Eenadu.net (in Telugu). 31 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. "Population by Religion - Andhra Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2011.
  12. "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Andhra Pradesh". Census of India . Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  13. Sasidhar, B. M. (4 April 2022). "Chittoor, Tirupati, Annamayya districts formed as part of rejig". www.thehansindia.com. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  14. "Decks cleared for Dugarajapatnam port". The Times of India.
  15. "Tirupati International Airport inauguration on Vijaya Dasami". The hindu. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  16. "Former Chief Minister NJR Dead". The New Indian Express. 10 May 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  17. "District-wise Assembly-Constituencies". ceoandhra.nic.in.