Tiruppur Kumaran

Last updated

Tiruppur Kumaran
Tirupur kumaran.jpg
Tiruppur Kumaran's Image
Born4 October 1904 [1]
Died11 January 1932(1932-01-11) (aged 27)
Cause of death Police brutality during march

Tiruppur Kumaran also known as Kodi Kaatha Kumaran (4 October 1904 – 11 January 1932) was an Indian revolutionary and freedom fighter who participated in the Indian independence movement.



Kumaran was born as Kumaraswamy Mudaliyar in Chennimalai in Madras Presidency, British India (present-day Erode district in Tamil Nadu). [2] [3] [4] His parents were Nachimuthu Mudaliyar and Karuppaayi Amma. [5] [6] He founded the Desa Bandhu Youth Association and led protests against the British. He died from injuries sustained from a police assault on the banks of Noyyal River in Tiruppur during a protest march against the British government on 11 January 1932. At the time of his death, he was holding the flag of the Indian nationalists, which had been banned by the British giving rise to the epithet kodi Kaatha Kumaran in Tamil which means "Kumaran who protected the flag". [7] [8]


A commemorative stamp was issued by India post in October 2004 on his 100th birth anniversary. [9] [10] A statue has been erected in Tirupur in his honor which is often used as a focal point for public demonstrations. [11] [12]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gobichettipalayam</span> Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Gobichettipalayam is a town and municipality in Erode district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the administrative headquarters of Gobichettipalayam taluk. It is situated at the center of the South Indian Peninsula at 213 metres (699 ft) above sea level, surrounded by Western Ghats. It is located 35 kilometres (22 mi) from the district headquarters Erode, 44 kilometres (27 mi) from Tiruppur and 80 kilometres (50 mi) from Coimbatore. Agriculture and textile industries contribute majorly to the economy of the town.

Mudaliar is a Tamil title and surname. As title, it was historically given to high-ranking military officers and their descendants during the Chola empire rule. The surname is most prevalent among Tamils from Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. Descendants of Tamil colonial migrants also bears variants of the name in countries such as South Africa, and elsewhere in the Tamil diaspora.

The Justice Party, officially the South Indian Liberal Federation, was a political party in the Madras Presidency of British India. It was established on 20 November 1916 in Victoria Public Hall in Madras by Dr C. Natesa Mudaliar and co-founded by T. M. Nair, P. Theagaraya Chetty and Alamelu Mangai Thayarammal as a result of a series of non-Brahmin conferences and meetings in the presidency. Communal division between Brahmins and non-Brahmins began in the presidency during the late-19th and early-20th century, mainly due to caste prejudices and disproportionate Brahminical representation in government jobs. The Justice Party's foundation marked the culmination of several efforts to establish an organisation to represent the non-Brahmins in Madras and is seen as the start of the Dravidian Movement.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thillaiaadi Valliammai</span>

Thillaiyadi Valliammai was a South African Tamil girl who worked with Mahatma Gandhi in her early years when she developed her nonviolent methods in South Africa fighting its apartheid regime.

Nayaka dynasties emerged during the Kakatiya dynasty and the Vijayanagara Empire period. The Nayakas were originally military governors under the Vijayanagara Empire. After the battle of Talikota, several of them declared themselves independent.

Chennimalai is a town in Erode district, Tamil Nadu, India. It is popularly known as the 'Handloom Town'.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dharapuram</span> Historical town in Tamil Nadu, India

Dharapuram is a town situated along the banks of Amaravati River in Tiruppur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Dharapuram is one of the oldest towns in South India and was the capital of Kongu Nadu under the Cheras, Western Ganga Dynasty and later Kongu Cholas, at which time it was known as Viradapuram. Amaravathi River flows through the town. As of 2011, the town had a population of 67,007. The city houses famous temples including Agatheeswarar Temple, Kaadu Hanumanthasamy temple and many others.

Kunnathur is a panchayat town in Tirupur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It was previously under the jurisdiction of the Erode district. However kunnathur is in tiruppur district, legislative assembly consistency for kunnathur is Perundurai which is in Erode district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sengunthar</span> Hindu caste of weavers

Sengunthar, also known as the Kaikolar and Senguntha Mudaliar is a caste commonly found in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and the neighboring country Sri Lanka. In Andhra Pradesh, they are known as Kaikala or Karikala Bhaktulu, who consider the early Chola emperor Karikala Chola as their hero. They were traditional weavers by occupation and warriors by ancient heritage. They were part of the Chola army as Kaikola regiment and were dominant during the rule of Imperial Cholas, holding commander and minister positions in the court. Ottakoothar, 12th century court poet and minister of Cholas under Vikrama Chola, Kulothunga Chola II, Raja Raja Chola II reign belong to this community. In the olden days in India, the Sengunthars were warriors and were given the title Mudaliar for their bravery. In early thirteenth century, after the fall of Chola empire large number of Kaikolars migrated to Kongu Nadu from Tondaimandalam and started doing weaving as their full time profession as they sworn to be soldiers only for Chola emperors. At present, most of the textile businesses in Tamil Nadu are owned by Senguntha Mudaliars. Majority of Sengunthars are sub-divided into numerous clans based on a patrilineal lineage known as Koottam or Gotra.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tiruppur district</span> District of Tamil Nadu in India

Tiruppur District is one of the 38 districts of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, formed in 22 February 2009. Dharapuram was the largest taluk by area in the district. The district is well-developed and industrialized. The Tiruppur banian industry, the cotton market, Kangeyam bull and Uthukkuli butter, among other things, provide for a vibrant economy. The city of Tiruppur is the administrative headquarters for the district. As of 2011, the district had a population of 2,479,052 with a sex-ratio of 989 females for every 1,000 males.

C. Govindasamy is an Indian politician and incumbent Member of the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu. He was elected to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly as a Communist Party of India (Marxist) candidate from Tiruppur constituency in 1989, and 2006 elections.

The Kammalar is a Tamil caste group found in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and in northeastern Sri Lanka. The Kammalars are involved in crafting. Kammalar is a generic term that comprises the communities of Kannar (brass-workers), Kollar (blacksmiths), Tarar (goldsmiths), Tatchar (carpenters) and Kartatchar (sculptors). kammalar's are classified and listed as backward class by both central government of India and State government of Tamil Nadu and kerala They worship various forms of this deity.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pancha Sabhai</span> Group of Shiva temples in Tamil Nadu, India

The Pancha Sabhai Sthalangal refers to the temples of Nataraja, a form of the Hindu god Shiva where he is regarded to have performed the cosmic dance called the Tandava. All these temples are located in Tamil Nadu, India. The five dance performances were the Kali Tandava at Ratna Sabha in Vada Aaranyeswarar Temple, Ananda Tandava at the Kanaka Sabha in Natarajar Temple, Sandhya Tandava at the Rajata Sabha in Meenakshi Amman Temple, Muni Tandava at the Tamra Sabha at Nellaiappar Temple, and Tripura Tandava at the Chitra Sabha in Kutralanathar Temple.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Virabahu</span> Hindu deity

Virabahu is a Hindu deity. He is considered to be the commander-in-chief of Murugan's army. He is regarded in Tamil tradition to be one of the nine commanders (Navaveerargal) who were born to serve Murugan. Among the nine commanders, Virabahu is ranked the highest. He is worshipped mostly in Tamil Nadu.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tiruppur</span> City in Tamil Nadu, India

Tiruppur or Tirupur ( ), is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located on the banks of the Noyyal river and is the fourth largest urban agglomeration in Tamil Nadu. It is the administrative capital of Tiruppur district and is administered by the Tiruppur Municipal Corporation which was established in 2008.

Chandramathi Mudaliar was a 17th-century Tamil chieftain and ruler of south Kongu Nadu who fought many battles against the Madurai Nayak

Kondaikatti Velaalar or Thondaimandala Mudaliar is a Tamil caste in south India. Historically, they were a caste of non-cultivating land-holders and some of them were administrators under various south Indian dynasties. Their original homeland was Thondaimandalam and from there they spread to other areas in south India and northeastern parts of Sri Lanka. Since they historically used the Mudaliar title, they are sometimes referred to as Thondaimandala Mudaliar. However, Kathleen Gough considers them to be a separate subcaste of the Thondaimandala Mudali, as does Susan Neild.


  1. "Vanchi and Kumaran anniversaries to be govt functions". Business Standard. 14 September 2015.
  2. "Tirupur Kumaran Lived Only for 27 Years but He Etched His Name in Indian History!".
  3. Ramaswamy, Vijaya (2017). Historical Dictionary of the Tamils. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 377. ISBN   978-1-53810-686-0.
  4. Tamil revivalism in the 1930s by Eugene F. Irschick Page 132
  5. Ramaswamy, Vijaya (2017). Historical Dictionary of the Tamils. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 377. ISBN   978-1-53810-686-0.
  6. Tamil revivalism in the 1930s by Eugene F. Irschick Page 132
  7. "Independence day celebrated". The Hindu. 17 August 2014.
  8. "How well do you know Kongu Nadu". The New Indian Express. 2 March 2015. Archived from the original on 5 March 2015.
  9. "Stamp on 'Tiruppur' Kumaran to be released". Times of India. 3 October 2004.
  10. "India post - 2004 commemorative stamps". Indiapost. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  11. "Students hold rally in Tirupur". The Hindu . 16 August 2006. Archived from the original on 5 December 2007.
  12. "Kumaran Memorial". Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 19 September 2015.